Rabbi Dr Zvi Aviner

Jan 2022


Ó copyrights

IDOLATRY- 9/ELHM Consulted YHVH to make Adam    







Could Adam Win





At the End of the Sixth Day, the End of Days,

ELHM will Judge Adam whether or not he has become

Very Good in His eyes.


If Adam wins, ELHM would “finish” – end- His work,

And enter the Eternal Sabbath, along with CREATION


If Adam fails, ELHM would “finish” – terminate with wrath

Everything that He had done, including Adam

And return the world to nothingness.


Could Adam meet ELHM’s expectations?

Could Adam – with his Free Will – avoid sinning?


Would ELHM, the harsh Attribute of Judgment,

who ruled the Six Days with the upper hand,

“Awesomely alone,” as a Dictator,

Tolerate Adam’s sins for long?




Does Adam have a chance to win his trial,

under such intolerant reign of ELHM?



According to the Midrash (Rashi) ELHM knew all that,

And decided to make several concessions towards Adam,

Increasing Adam’s chance to win and be Very Good,

and see the next Day





ELHM’s Concessions Towards Adam





Thus, as the Sixth Day of CREATION dawned,

It seemed like any other Day.

ELHM continued to create, like ever before,

giving orders, that no one rejected.




ELHM said “let there be Cattle,”

and the giant Cattle-like creatures of Pangea came to life.


ELHM said “let there be Beasts,”

and they came on board, including the giant Dinosaurs


ELHM said let there be social creatures crawling on the ground

like Ants, Bees, even snakes, and they came and ruled the Earth







Midday Trial




Then, at the Middle of the Sixth Day,

while the Day was still in progress,

ELHM passed a premature Judgment

on the creatures He had just created.


Such a Midday Trial had happened only once,

at the middle of the Third Day.

Then, before seeding Life on Earth, ELHM passes a judgment.


Earth stood then on a crossroad – would it see Life on it?

Luckily for us, ELHM said that it was good,

and He seeded life on Earth.


Now again, at the Middle of the Sixth Day, before making Adam,

ELHM passed another pre-mature judgment.

Earth stood on a crossroad- would Earth see Man, or not?



The ‘problem’ was, Moses says, that Adam, equipped with Free Will,

Might not live long under the reign of ELHM, the Harsh Dictator

Who would decimate any rejection of Him with No MERCY.



Moreover, Adam would not be able to live Side by side

With the giant creatures of Pangea.

This should be changed!





ELHM prepared the world for Adam



Moses says, that ELHM’s verdict,

in this pre-mature Judgment,

Was in favor of binging Adam

and that He said that “It was good.”


This verdict means, as we’ve learned

That the ground is ready for Adam to arrive,

and that the obstacles were removed.




This Midday Judgment can fit the meteoric catastrophe

that hit Earth 70 M years ago and wiped out

all the giant creatures of Pangea

allowing smaller creatures like mammals

to proliferate and grow, leading up to Man






ELHM Stepped Down




 Another concession that ELHM made towards Adam

was to change the way He rules.

Knowing that Adam would not survive His harsh scrutiny,

He “softened” His rule.



Thus, instead to commanding “Let there be Adam!”

He spoke the first time ever in plural, saying:


Let Us Make an Adam in Our Form and Our Image”


His tone changed.

He consulted someone, inviting someone(s)

to join Him in making Adam.   In other words,

 He was a Dictator no more.



As a concession to Adam,

ELHM descended from His High Pedestal as

a Supreme JUDGRE, as a Dictator, and spoke in plural

as a KING Who Consults His Councilors ,

as a ‘Democratic’ King



Henceforth, He would tolerate opposition.

He would listen to opinions of others.


Adam, with his Free Will, would be able to live

under such a Democratic KING,

without suffering immediate retributions for his sins





ELHM invited the Attribute of MERCY, YHVH




According to Rashi, based on the Midrash,

ELHM then made another, greater concession to Adam.



To farther increase Adam’s chances to win his trial

ELHM turned to another Attribute of the Infinite CREATOR,

the Attribute of Hessed, Mercy and Compassion, called YHVH

and invited Her to share with Him the new Heavenly Court

and in making Adam.



YHVH is an Acronym that stands in Hebrew for

“He is He was and He will be.”


It should be read as an Acronym, letter by letter

As you would read CBS, NBC. No vowels between the Consonants


YHVH is the Attribute of the Infinite, nameless CREATOR

that reigns over the Sabbath Day, the next Day of CREATION.


When ELHM would enter the Eternal Sabbath,

and abstain from creating and judging,

YHVH would reign over our World alone.


ELHM , the All Mighty JUDGE, consulted YHVH

For Her advent in the Heavenly Court

would sweeten ELHM’s verdicts,

and offer Adam a greater chance to win.


YHVH’s presence in our World would offer Adam

a chance to repent, ask forgiveness, and start all over again.


Yet, on the other hands,

Adam would have to find face in Her Eyes,

In addition to ELHM’s eyes!


Thus the balance of Adam’s trial remains FAIR




Inviting YHVH to the Heavenly Court




ELHM turned to YHVH and asked Her- so to speak –

Would you come over into my world

and share it with me?



Here, ELHM made a major concession towards Adam,

By farther relinquishing His Sole Power,

Offering to sharing His Power with another awesome power –

another Attribute of the Infinite, the Attribute of MERCY



They say that YHVH entered our world from the Sabbath,

like a thin Ray of Light, a Shy Dove, or a beautiful Cherub


Entering our Sixth Day, She observed it, scrutinized it,

as a Bride entering her Broom’s home for the first time,

wondering whether or not She would be comfortable,

whether or not She would DWELL stay   in Her new Place



You see that in the text. At the End of the Sixth Day,

the Acronym YHVH penetrates our world from the Sabbath,

part of it – YH – is in the Sixth Day, the VH is in the Sabbat



And ELoHiM made the animals…cattle…and everything creeping
And ELoHiM saw that is was good…
And ELoHim said let us make Adam

in our form and our image…
And ELoHiM blessed them saying be fruitful and multiply…
And EloHiM said behold, I have given you all the grass…
And ELoHiM saw everything that He had done and behold, it was

Very good (Tov Meod) And it was evening, and it was morning,

 om  (Day)
a Shishi, (Sixth) (Genesis 1:31)

………………………… The Sabbath Day ………………………………………

V  aYechulu (and they ended)
  aShamyim (the Heaves)And the Earth, VeHaaretz, and all their hosts,

And ELoHiM finished all the work he had done,
ELoHiM finished on the Seventh Day His work which He had done,
And He abstained on the Seventh Day from all His work which He had done

And ELKM blessed the



The Acronym YHVH lies over the “gape” between

The Sixth and the Seventh Days


YHVH is the Bridge between the Days

YHVH is the Lighthouse directing our world ‘s journey


The Y-H Dwells in our Word, and is called “Dweller” – Shechinah


While YHVH can’t be uttered as a Name, only as an Acronym

The part YH in our World can be uttered as YaH


Hence the Biblical names IsaYaH, JeremiYaH, NetanYaH and the like




Creating Adam by the Two Attributes





As YHVH – the Attribute of MERCY- entered our World




Although no one was there to record Her wards,

Yet we can imagine Her dialogue with ELHM.


YHVH said to ELHM, so to speak –

How can I share the rule over your world

where there is no one who could know me?

Where there is no place to rest my Wing?


Note, that YHVH seeks to REST in our world.

ELHM, in contrast, never rests.



There is no creature in Nature who knows MERCY.

Yes, there is an iota sense of compassion

In mothers towards their offspring,

but only as a limited reflex, to preserve the species


ELHM then said to Her –

Let Us Make and Adam in Our Form and Our Image.


Adam would be able to know You and Me

In His heart you could dwell,

If he lets you in.


I will make Adam like me, and in his heart

I will carve out a room ready for you

to enter, dwell and rest,

if he invites you inside.


ELHM would not plant MERCY in our heart, as a natural reflex,

Since MERCY is none of His features.

But ELHM would prepare our heart to have MERCY in it,

pending on our Free Will.


Like a Groom preparing His Home for the BRIDE to dwell in,

So did ELHM prepare our heart to host YHVH in it.




ELHM said:

We would inform Adam that to stay alive and be Very Good

he should invite and host You, YHVH in his heart

and walk in My Laws.

Only our ONENESS would allow him to see the next Day!



Consolidating the world in Oneness



 YHVH agreed

and the two Attributes, like two cherubs,

flew over CREATION, wing holding Wing,

and together they consolidated the world

by their Oneness. As it says


On the Day that YHVH ELHM 

re-created Earth and Heavens (Genesis 2: 2)


Here YHVH’s Name appears the first time in the text

In the open, yet side by side with ELHM

As two Cherubs “In Love.”


Henceforth the world would proceed safely to the sabbath

And it would not falter


You see that in the Psalm song

That the Levite Choir chanted every Friday

Before the Sabbath


YHVH has garbed Himself with grandeur…

The World was consolidated,

It would not falter…


We sing it too, as the Six day of the week

enters our Sabbath


 So how can Adam become Very Good?

On that we’ll learn next class