© 2021 by Rabbi Dr. Zvi Aviner




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Is Genesis a Bronze-Age Myth?

Know your CREATOR, know yourself and know the difference



1: Questioning the validity of Genesis




Since ELKM is, by definition, the Truthful JUDGE, who

follows the Absolute Truth,  let’s ask:

Is the story of CREATION truthful?


Moreover, since His Name acts as  a stamp of truthfulness,

appearing 32 times in the Six Days, does it imply

that the story of CREATION must be true?


Today, most scholars, even lay people, doubt

the validity of Genesis, since they think

that our Scientific findings negate it.


The Biblical fundamentalists, Jewish and Non-Jewish alike,

Take the story of Genesis on its face, believing every word,

discarding or ignoring the scientific  finding.


Some  solve the contradiction by regarding Genesis

as a mystical story, or seeing it allegorically.


The sad result of those approaches is,

that most of college students in the USA

reject not only Genesis, but the Bible altogether,

seeing Genesis as a Bronze- Age Myth.


Moreover, they ask –

if Moses is a true prophet, why did he chose

to place such controversial story at the beginning

of his five books?Didn’t he know, that it takes only

one spoon to find out that the soup is spoiled?


Hence, dealing with the truthfulness of Genesis

we need to realize how high are the stakes.

For if we discredit the story, we’ve discredited the entire Bible!


On the other hand,

If we’ve  found Genesis true, then WOW!

How could Moses, 3500 years ago, tell it!!

Isn’t  Genesis – and the Bible – a living miracle in our hands?


In our class,

we’ll first compare Genesis to other stories told in Moses time,

then compare Genesis to our our Scientific narrative

of the History of Earth.





2 Genesis Compared to Bronze-age Myths




We know much what the ancients thought about CREATION


The Egyptian in Moses’ time believed

according to K. Amstrong (History of God

that the world was created, when

a male god named Rah (like in Ra-amssess)

impregnated a goddess named Nun (‘water’ or ‘darkness.’)


Fearing that her embryo would rebel against him

Rah slashed Nuns’ belly, killed his son

and threw its testicles into the Mediterraneansea

near the city of Acca.


The lamenting mother-goddess Nun then dived into the sea

retrieved her sons’ testicles  and resurrected him.

From this, the world was either created or flourished


We can imagine how emotional the story was in the Egyptian’s eyes.

We can imagine their priests parading and chanting f its glory.

We can imagine their philosophers and poets composing hymns

seeing deep meanings in every part of the story,


we can sympathize with the story, even clap our hands,

but one thing we can’t do: to say that the story has nothing in common

with our Scientific knowledge. It is just a ‘beautiful’ myth


 We also know what the Greek in Moses time

told about CREATION. According to Karen Armstrong,

the Greek believed that a ‘male god’ named Uranus

impregnated the goddess of Earth, Gaia.


Fearing her numerous embryos, the Titans,

The father Uranus pushed the Titans back

into their mother Gaia’s womb, causing her much agony.

Whenever the Earth is shaking under your feet,

it is Gaia twisting in labor pains.


But the youngest Titans, the brazen Cronus,

stood up against his father-god, and cut his sexual organ

when he penetrated Gaia.


Cronus then threw his father’s sex organ into the Sea

from where the world flourished.


Again, we may sympathize with the Titans

even play football game in their glory.

Yet we can’t say that the Greek’s story

has anything to do with our Science.

Their story is mythical,

whereas Science’s story is factual.



 Other ancient myths in Moses’ time,

told by the Japanese, Chinese, Indians and Africans,

are similar, full of sexual perversions, jealousy, rivalry,

murder and chaos between the gods.

None  can be matched with Science.


In contrast,

Moses’ Genesis is Clean, breaded of any rivalry or sex.  

Isn’t it strange? Though he grew up in Pharaoh’s home,

where he must have heard all those myths of his time,

His account of Genesis is surprisingly dry,

giving us a simple account of what had happened

at CREATION, Day by Day.


Moses tells us what came first, and what came later,

how life on Earth grew from Vegetation to

Mobile life at Sea then on Dry Land.


No one in Pharaoh’s home had ever see

any order in Nature.  For Pharaoh. the animals

were just a s a game for hunting, trading or worshipping.

And so were the animals in the eyes of all other cultures.



You wouldn’t parade with it in the streets.

You wouldn’t chant hymns to its glory.

You wouldn’t cry with emotion, hearing it.

You wouldn’t spread the good news about it.



you would stand in awe, realizing its miraculous nature,

being surprised and amazed by its truthfulness.



Having compared Genesis to the Bronze-Age myths of Moses’ time,

let’s compare it with our Scientific knowledge.