Rabbi Dr. Zvi Aviner


Jan 2022


Ó copyrights


Making Adam by Consultations




Today we’ll focus on the creation of Adam,

according to the miraculous Chapter One of Genesis


Adam was created, Moses says, as the last creature

In the long series of creatures made during the Six Days,

By this he concurs with Science


We’ve already seen that the story of the Six Days

Concurs with our scientific narrative,

something totally unexpected

from a text written 3500 years ago.


So first Moses establishes his credibility,

then he adds his moral message about



Telling us, first of all,

that there is a CREATOR, ELHM,

who created the Six Day while sitting on

the Throne of Absolute Justice with no Mercy,


And that ELHM ruled the Earth during the Six Days

by the iron fist, acting by measure for measure

consulting no one, ruling awesomely alone.


In fact, had Moses presented his moral message

without establishing credibility first,

we would most likely reject it as an imaginary story



But by establishing credibility first,

we read his message with awe,

and take it very seriously


Now, as Moses moves on to tell us about creating Adam,

Moses follows the same logic:

He first tells us a story about Adam that is fully supported by science,

something unexpected from a text written 3500 years ago


And then, having established his credibility in our eyes

he also adds his moral message about Adam: like

Who created us, How, and for What purpose.


So, what does Moses say about creating Adam?


But first, to appreciate what he is saying,

let’s see what other people in his time

told about the creation of Man.




Bronze Age Myths about Creation of Man




We know in details what people told about Man, in Moses’ time

You can read about it in the internet, or in excellent books

like Karen Armstrong’s book about the History of G-d


In short –


The Egyptians, among whom Moses grew up, said

that the first Man was born from the eye of the Sun-god Ra.


Ra, who ruled the Earth after a bloody struggle with other gods,

used to send out one of his eyes to execute various missions.


Once, the eye refused to return, so Ra sent out his two sons to fetch it.

The eye cried so much, that from its tears Man was born – the first Pharaoh


Now, we can imagine how much passion and awe

the story incited in the hearts of the ancient Egyptians.

They paraded in the streets for its glory,

chanting hymns and praising their god.

We can imagine how the Egyptian philosophers

saw deep meaning in every details of the story.



But one thing we are also sure –

the story has nothing to do with science,

nor does it tell us anything about how we are made.

The story is a mere myth.



The Babylonians in Moses time.

Said that Man was created by a Warrior-god, Marduk,

who is born at sunrise, and die at sunset.


Once in a while Marduk disintegrates completely

then resuscitates itself.

But once Marduk disintegrated badlly,

and from its remains Man was made.


Again, we may sympathize with the story, clap our hands,

but it has nothing to do with science,

nor does it contribute to our understanding

how our bodies are built and for what purpose.




The Greek in Moses’ time said that

Man was created by a Titan named Prometheus

Who survived the war between the Titans and the Olympians gods


Prometheus created the first Man, but Zeus did not approve it

and took away the fire from Man.

Prometheus then flew to the Sun

And brought Man a torch with the Sun’s fire,

And Man survived.


This story has prompted the Olympic games and the famous torch,

Yet it does not have any relation to science,

nor does it tell anything about how Man is built and for what purpose.




Now, let’s see what Moses tells us about the creation of Adam




  Creating Adam According to Moses





When ELHM announced His Plan to make Adam,

He spoke in plural the first time, saying

“Let Us Make Adam in Our Form and Our Image.”


He spoke, we’ve learned, to whoever is mentioned

In Genesis Chapter One.


Amazingly, here G-d, as a BUILDER,

sounds like a CEO of a company,

who assembles his board, or councilors

to discuss a new project: a humanoid.



In a modern company,

the CEO would first set up the purpose of making the robot,

the parameters for the robot’s actions,

how much Free Choice it would have

how smart it would be, what should it do,

and what it should not do



Then the CEO would ask each councilor in the room

to contribute his skills to the project.


One councilor would provide the best materials,

the other his scientific skills,

the other his artistic talent,

to make the robot smart, efficient and beautiful.



Moses describes the creation of Adam in a similar fashion.

Thus, when ELHM spoke in plural, He assembled His Councilors

and to each one He said:

“Let Us make Adam in our Form and Our Image”


This way, each councilor would contribute a dimension,

a layer in Adam’s body and soul


How different this account is

from all the myth told in Moses time!



Who are ELHM’s councilors?


The Midrash says:  He consulted with

whoever was listening, or

whoever was in the “room”, or

whoever is mentioned in Chapter One.



ELHM consulted the councilors mentioned

In the Chapter before, like the Six Days,

And with entities mentioned later in the Chapter,

Between Adam and the Sabbath.






Moses wouldn’t tell us how we are build,

Without a moral message.


When ELHM consulted His Councilors to make us,

Each Councilor provided an important layer in our body and soul.


Those were precious gifts, necessary for our survival,

But each one would be a source of IDOLATRY.


ELHM, the JUDGE, Gives and Takes, measure for measure.

In His Kindness His Provides, but in return He Demands.


Speaking in plural, He invited the Councilor to join in making Adam

yet as the same time, the very Consultation

rendered each Councilor a magic charm in Adam’s eyes

so much, that Adam would be forever allured

to worship them as G-d’s Partners,

or for their putative own Power


So, with whom ELHM consulted first?

Who could serve as a potential idol?  

Oh, you will surely be surprise!