Rabbi Dr Zvi Aviner



Ó Copy Right 2022

Rabbi Dr Zvi Aviner

BLOODSHED-4/Rainbow Covenant for Humanity (2022)




A Noahide person, a Child of Noah, is a modern person

who relies on logic rather than on mysticism,

who believes in the truthfulness of the Torah

and trusts science, seeing no real clash between them


A Noahide person realizes how truthful the story of Genesis is,

how accurately it describes the history of our planet,

as well as the creation of Mankind.


There are many ancient stories about a Great Flood,

most of them composed around 2500 BC, like the famous

story of Gilgamesh, the Babylonian hero that survived a Flood

along with a bunch of animals on a boat.

But the story of the Biblical Noah is much older than that,

preceding it by thousands of years.


Moreover, while the story of Gilgamesh carries no moral message,

the Biblical story of Noah comes with the Rainbow Covenant

in which G-d lays out the BLOODSHED Laws to Mankind,

as a continuation of the ADULTERY Laws given to Mankind in the story Eden

and the concept of IDOLATRY laid out to Mankind in Chapter One.


In the Rainbow Covenant,

which is the moral charter of the Noahide Movement

the Heavenly Court addresses the issue of BLOODSHED

and the evil nature of the human heart.


The question it addresses is:

Can we, Mankind, ever escape BLOODSHED and WARS?

Are we destined to repeat the errors of Noah’s generation

that began with IDOLATRY and ended up with sexual corruption

and Hamas, a deadly mixture of  BLOODSHED  and THEFT?


As we said in the last class,

Noah himself was very realistic and pessimistic,

so much that he refused to procreate and start civilization again


He prayed to G-d on Mt Moriah, and G-d appeared to him

In the form of the Heavenly Court  comprised of two symmetrical Wings,

the Wing of YHVH followed by the Wing of ELKM

where each Attribute expresses its terms for the new Covenant.


Every Noahide, every person on Earth,

should be familiar with the Rainbow Covenant and its terms

under which we, all Mankind, still lives


As we’ve said, the Rainbow Covenant

addresses the issues that were burning in Noah’s heart


He was concerned about the IDOLATRY of his generation coming back.

In his time, humanity split into two major spiritual camps.


The first Camp had begun with Enosh, Adam’s grandson,

on whom the verse says:

It was then that they began calling in the name of YHVH (4:26)


Here the Hebrew word for begun, huchal, also means “profaned”

Implying that Enosh, the best orator Mankind has ever had,

desecrated YHVH Name by calling, or praying to YHVH alone

without mentioning ELKM.


Enosh preached that the Kingdom of Mercy, the Sabbath,

is about to enter the world, therefore Mankind should

pray to YHVH, forgetting ELKM and His Laws



The second spiritual camp in Noah’s generation

comprised of Cain’s descendants, who in great piety took

upon themselves to follow the harsh laws of ELKM,

attempting to atone for their forefather Cain’s deed.

They followed ELKM and neglected the merciful YHVH.

Hence their name   the Children of ELKM.



Splitting the Attributes, preferring one over another,

is considered a form of IDOLATRY, as we’ve learned from Chapter One.


And as the rule says, once a person breaches one Commandment

He or she would stumble over the next one on the list.


So, despite the fact that each camp started in piety, following its own faith,

soon both degenerated into ADULTERY and then to BLOODSHED

and THEFT in that order


On Cain’s camp for instance, it is said

And the Children of ELKM saw that the daughters of Adam are good,

And they took for themselves women from whoever they chose,” (6:2)


Meaning they took by force women, married or not.

In addition, they corrupted with all sorts of sexual promiscuity

Including bestiality, cohabiting with animals (rashi)


The Torah also mentions in their line

Tubal Cain, the forger of metal weapons

whose gangues robbed and killed people

under the watching Sun with no shame,

committing Violating Hamas, BLOODSHED and THEFT


The other camp of Enosh also degenerated into heinous crimes

Believing that since Mercy is about to come, they fear no more ELKM

And that their sins would be all forgiven by YHVH


Soon both camps blamed each other for heresy

And they fought each other to the death,

banning all intermarriages between them


Amazingly, Noah came from Enosh’s camp,

while his wife Naama came from Cain’s camp

and yet they married each other despite the ban

and in their marriage, they united YHVH and ELKM


Yet, fearing the Flood, Naama and Noah refrained from

bearing children for many years, till just before the Flood

when they bore just three sons and no more,

and their sons too refrained from bearing children of their own


In the Rainbow Covenant, the HC addresses

Noah’s worries and tribulations


First, the HC appeared as One unite of YHVH and ELKM

(whereas before the Flood each Wing appeared alone, united by Noah)

By this the HC said to Noah:

teach your children to believe in YHVH ELKM Oneness

and that they should not prefer Mercy over Judgment or or vice Versa


Then we read in each Wing its message

For the Rainbow Covenant


The Wing of YHVH says that


“And YHVH smelled the sweet aroma, and YHVH said

 to His heart, I shall not again curse the ground
any more for Adam


YHVH spoke to Her Heart,

teaching Noah that he should teach his children

to talk TO their heart, control their heart

and not let their heart talk to them, control them!


For the drive of

Adam’s heart Is evil from his youth


YHVH said: Noah, do not despair,

though the human heart is currently evil and bloodthirsty

Yet Mankind will grow in history, and his heart will mature

and will be able to overcome his evil natural impulse


As YHVH finished, ELKM stepped in

Telling Noah His aspect of the Rainbow Covenant


And ELoKiM blessed
Noah and his sons and said

to them, be fruitful and multiply


FIRST, ELKM repeats here the order to procreate

while adding a blessing to Noah, meaning

that natural condition like climate would be changed

in our favor – unless we breach the Covenant terms


ELKM proceeds by giving Noah a new Law

To overcome BLOODSHED


And I give you permission to eat any living creature

But flesh with its soul, its blood you shall not eat!


To prevent BLOODSHED from coming back

ELKM adds to Noah a new Commandment, the Seventh,

prohibiting the eating of blood and a limb torn from a living creature

teaching Noah and his children to overcome cruelty and BLOODSHED


Hence Noah’s Law number 7

Came to enforce Law number 3


Now ELKM addresses all aspects of BLOODSHED:


LINE 1           :

And surely the blood of your soul

shall I require (9:5)


No Suicide!

The first BLOODSHED Law addresses as a person who kills “his own soul,” committing Suicide. In ELoKiM’s eyes, this person is considered a murderer and his punishment would be sever, in the hands of Heavens, as it says: “I shall demand…” ELoKiM would demand retribution. But where? When? The person who has committed suicide is already dead!
The rabbis therefore said: IN THE AFTER LIFE.


 Line 2:

from the hands
Of every beast, I shall require (Man’s soul)


From Suicide, ELoKiM steps up the ladder

and discuss killing people by indirect methods;

like placing a victim before vicious animals.

The perpetrator might claim  less responsibility

But ELKM would deem him a killer nevertheles


The Talmud distinguishes several sub categories

of such indirect killing in ascending order of responsibility

(1) A beast like a lion, that may or may not devour the victim
(2) A beast like a snake, that most likely kill
(3) A beast like killer bees that would certainly kill


The liability of the perpetrator would change accordingly.
In modern time these categories are:

  1. Starving people, is like placing before a lion (that may or may not devour)
    2. Denying people essential medications is like placing before snakes (more likely to kill)
    3. Disconnecting life-supporting breathing machine (the victim would surely die.)


In all cases, ELoKIM would deem the killer responsible in the HC

but the perpetrator should not be executed by the human court!

(unless the government decides otherwise




 and from the hands of man


No Killing by Mercenaries

ELoKiM moves to discuss killing by ‘another Man,’ mercenaries.

The mercenary is considered by ELKM a murderer,

As well as the person who has hired h



from the hands of man’s brother

 I shall require the blood of man  


No Killing in MERCY

Here ELoKiM discusse one who kills “his brother,”

referring to ‘merciful killing,’ euthanasia.


Note that such a case is earthshaking.

For the killer acts in passion, with mercy.
Yet ELKM says that one who kills in mercy

Would be considered a murderer, punished by the Heavenly Court.

But not by human court, lest the government decides otherwise.



 whoever shed blood of man, in man will his blood be shed

Abortion is Murder!

Killing ‘Man in Man,’   abortion, is considered a murder

Punishable by execution by human court

Provided the perpetrator is warned before

and provided there are witnesses


The embryo is at least 40 days old (Talmud.)
The Jewish Court should consist of 23 or 71 experienced judges.


Bloodshed Line 6

whoever shed blood of man, by man will his blood be shed
For in the image of ELoKiM  He made the Adam… ”


Direct murder

A KILLER who acts intentionally with full awareness

should be EXECUTED by human court

Provided he is warned and provided there are witnesses



YHVH spoke first, then ELoKiM.

Each Attribute expressing its own perspectives of BLOODSHED,

each addressing Noah’s concerns from its own perspectives:

YHVH spoke about the human evil heart, giving Noah a hope

That Man would mature and change for the better

ELoKiM added to Noah another Law,

enforcing Noah’s stance against cruelty


then adding to Noah the BLOODSHED Laws in details.

Noah children would learn

IDOLATRY from Genesis Chapter One

ADULTERY from the Story of the Garden of Eden

BLOODSHED from the Rainbow Covenant



Noahide message to the world,

based on the Rainbow Covenant


Keep YHVH ELKM Oneness, do not prefer one Attribute over another

Teach yourself to TALK TO YOUR HEART, and do not let your heart talk to you

Obey the Seven Commandments in full, fight against cruelty

Spread the knowledge of the Covenant BLOODSHED Laws to prevent WARS

Struggle for Peace on Earth, in the spirit of Noah



A Nohide person is not a “visitor” to Mt Moriah in Jerusalem

and not a mere spectator,

but rather a viable participant in the service of G-d done on that Place


After all, it was Noah who first prayed to G-d on that Place

the first one to pour his heart here by a burnt-offering,

and the first person whose prayer and sacrifice were accepted by G-d

on that holy Place


And in the same way that Israel honors our priests

by not entering their realm, their courtyard on that Place,

So does the  congregation of Noahide Nations respect

their “holy nation of priests,” Israel,

by not entering Israel’s courtyard on that Place.
Noahide Camp is the largest camp,

their courtyard is the entire world

beyond Jerusalem,  beyond the Holly Land

stretching over the entire Cosmos,

encompassing  far  away Galaxies

even multiple, alternative Universes

with no limit, with no border