© 2019 by Rabbi Zvi Aviner
Genesis Vs Evolution
Class 4: Adam
Rabbi Dr, Zvi Aviner, 2019
Now that we’ve established Moses’ credibility about the history of the World, what about his story of Man? Can his worlds and Science be matched?
Let’s pay attention to Moses as he speaks about Man. After all, he wishes to inform us about us, rather than the Universe. And since our generation is the first ever capable to validate his words by our Science, it seems as if he speaks directly to us.
One may ask: if Moses concurs with Science about the history of the world, why does he describe it as done in a week? A good answer would be- he wished to establish our human week so that Man would remember the story of Genesis all our lives.
In fact, in order to meet Moses’ wish, the Levite Choir of the Holy Temple used to chant on every day of the week, a Psalm song that reiterates the events of that Day in Genesis. .
Let’s compare now the Scientific narrative about Man’s evolution, to Mose’s account of the birth of Adam. Again, we will use the History Chanel videos as a platform of our comparison.
1: The Scientific Narrative of the Evolution of Man
Science says (so says the HC) that Man appeared on Earth gradually over the last 2 Million years. The growth of Mammals actually began 75 Million years ago, following the meteoric catastrophe that wiped out all the giant creatures of Pangea , including the Dinosaurs. As devastating the catastrophe was, it changed the climate in our favor. Small creatures, particularly Mammals, could proliferate and evolve faster than before. First came Large Apes, then Primitive Man like Homo Erectus and Homo Neanderthal (0.7-0.4 Billion years ago) than Homo Sapience, “Wise Man,” us (about 0.4 B years ago.)
Why Mammals? What gave Mammals the advantage to grow more than other creatures? The scientists debate on this. Some say that the Mammals’ ability to stand upright and free their hands gave them the advantage. Others say that some chemical in the mother’s milk is responsible for the Mammals’ brain to grow.. After all, MILK is what distinguishes Mammals, by definition. Others say that the extra protection that Mammals give their offspring is what promoted their growth. Whereas Crocodiles eat their babies to avoid competition, Mammal nourish their babies, promoting their proliferation.
As Man evolved, , Science says, so did his Brain. Our mind after all is what makes us Homo Sapience, Wise Man. Our mind endows us with abstract thinking, language, imagination and fascination. You can see this fascinations in the way Cave Man painted his hunting scenes on the Cave’s walls. Our mind allows us to invent tools,and comprehend the way the Universe works.
But Science believes that our mind does not set us essentially apart from other creatures. We simply won the race. Following the demise of the Dinosaurs, Science says, a race began between several social creatures – like ants, spiders and bees- to develop a smart society. It is as if the Universe “demands the presence of an intelligent creature in it.” Given more time, like several more million years, other social creatures might catch up and develop their own ideas, I-Phones, computers and Space Ships. Man’s growth has been simply promoted by the climate change in our favor. But other creatures could be as smart as we are, given enough time. .
In addition to our mind and logic, Science points on our Consciousness as a major factor in our success. Modern Quantum Mechanics sees this as the power that sustains the Universe.
Man also has been blessed by Self Consciousnesses, a sense of Individuality and an ego that has given us an advantage. This self” drives us to impact our society and leave a legacy. Our Free Will also renders us superior to other creatures. .
Beside our logic, Science points on our emotions as a major advantage. Man is driven by a powerful, perpetual Sex Drive that is independent on annual seasons. It therefore dominates our lives all year long and drives us forwards to achieve goals (says Sigmund Freud.)
Other psychologists also point out on our Drive for Power as a major force that propels us forwards to achieve things (Carl Jung). .
Moreover, Science also sees Man’s fascination with beauty, art , music and imagination as an important contributor to our success. These features enrich our lives, endow them with a meaning and gives us joy and happiness, without which our lives would have been dull and empty.
No less important is Man’s ability to pursue social justice. We are moral creatures by nature. This natural morality gives Man an advantage over other social creatures. .
But at the same time, Science says, Man also harbors a tendency for self destruction. We may either evolve into a better future, or end up destroying ourselves.
The fingerprint of Evolution, Science says, is evidenced in the way a human embryo evolves in his mother’s womb. We all evolve from a single cell into a multi-cellular organism, passing through stages that resemble Fish, Bird, Lizard and so on (“Onto-Genesis repeats the Philo-Genesis.”)
In Summary, Man is distinguished by our MIND and HEART . Man can comprehend the way the Universe works. eradicate diseases and poverty, produce art, music, philosophy and science. Man’s future depends on us – we either continue to grow or end up destroying ourselves.
Now, having summarized what Science says about Adam and his talents, what does Moses say about it? Can his words be matched with our Science? And if so, what does he add about Man, that science would never say?
MOSES’ ACCOUNT OF ADAM’S CREATION
In comparison with the Scientific account
1: The text in Genesis about creating Adam
AS THE SIXTH DAY DAWNED
”And GOD (ELKIM) said Let the Earth bring forth living creatures to their kinds
Cattle, Creeping things and Beasts of the Earth to their kinds, and it was so
THE MIDDAY JUDGMENT OF THE SIXTH DAY: And GOD (ELKM) saw that it was good.
ANNOUNCING THE PLAN TO CREATE ADAM
“And GOD (ELKM) said: LET US MAKE AN ADAM IN OUR FORM AND OUR IMAGE
“And GOD (ELKM) created The Adam in His Image, in the Image of GOD (ELKM) He created him, male and female He created them.
And GOD (ELKM) blessed them and said to them
Be fruitful and multiply, filled the Earth and conquer it, rule over the Fish…Birds…and all the Beasts…
THE SIXTH DAY’S FINAL JUDGMENT
And GOD (ELKM) saw EVERYTHING that HE had DONE
And behold, it was VERY GOOD
And there was evening, and there was morning, the SIXTH DAY” (was over.)
…………………THE SABBATH DAY BEGINS………………………..
“And the Heavens and the Earth were FINISHED
And GOD (ELKM) FINISHED all the Work that He has done,
And He ABSTAINED on the SEVENTH DAY from all the work that He had done
And GOD (ELKM) blessed the Seventh Day and He sanctified it….
For in it He ABSTAINED from all His work that GOD (ELKM) had created, to do.” (Genesis 1-31; 2 1-3)
On the surface, Moses’ Genesis differs from the Scientific story. The world, he seems to be saying, was created 5000 years ago in just one week. Science, in contrast, says that the Universe is 13.7 Billion years old. But we’ve already learned that Kabbala sees the Universe as a Six Floors BUILDING 13 Billion years old, quite close to what Science says. Each Day or Floor lasted Billions of years.
Man, according to this narrative, is the last tenant in the BUILDING, introduced into the Sixth Floor, with millions of years behind him and millions of years ahead of him . In other words – Man is the last creature in the Universe before it moves to the next Stage of CREATION, the Seventh Day, or the “Eternal Sabbath To Come”.
The Eternal Sabbath, accordingly, is not just another Floor on top of the Six, but rather a new realty which will wrap the entire BUILDING. When the Sabbath of CREATION arrives, GOD (ELKM) will “Finish” His Work as a BUILDER,” Finish” His Judgment as a JUDGE, “Abstain” from doing more work or more Judgment. (The word Shabbat means “abstained”.) When the Eternal Sabbath arrives, a new Holiness will descend on the Universe and change the way it works.
Note again that our human, weekly Sabbath is given to us only to commemorate the “Eternal Sabbath Of The World To Come,” the next Stage of CREATION
Now, when exactly was the decision to make Man made? The verse places it right after the “Midday Judgment” of the Sixth Day. To rmeind you, the verse says that in the middle of the Sixth Day, while the Sun was still up, GOD (ELKM) passed an unusual Judgment on everything He had created earlier on that Day. His Judgment is always harsh but precise, measure for measure. Those He deems good are allowed to continue, those He deems :”not good anymore” are eliminated with no Mercy. He gives life and He takes life away. And as the verse says, this time too GOD (ELKM) said that it was good, implying that some creatures were allowed to continue while others were eliminated- like the Dinasaurs and their kinds.
hen, after the Midday trial, GOD (ELKM) saidnusual
“Let Us Make an Adam in Our Form and Our Image.”
The term “Adam” here is generic for Mankind, rather than for an individual by that name. “Let Us”- unusual verse. Here GOD (ELKM) announces His Plan to make a new species called Adam. He had never announced any such plan before. This new species – Adam- would occupy the rest of the Sixth Day, the rest of the Sixth Floor, as the entire Universe continues to move towards the Sabbath Era.
Hence, after the Dinosaurs were wiped out and the huge Crawling creatures were gone, GOD (ELKM) announced the plan to make Adam. This Plan, like any other Plan, may take some time to accomplish, Had GOD (ELKM) intended to make Adam readily like all other creatures, He would have simply said “Let there be Adam!” But Instead, He announced a Plan to make Adam. Hence Adam would appear gradually on Earth, over some time. By this alone Moses concurs with Science that Man has gradually appeared on Earth by stages. Knowing history, we CAN relate this announcement to the gradual appearance of Primitive Men: Homo Erectus, Homo Neanderthal and Homo Sapience.
The story of Eden says that “LORD GOD” (YHVH ELKM) formed The Adam from the “dust of the ground.” It sounds a one-time event. But the story of Eden and the Primordial Sin are presented after Genesis Chapter One, and should be studied in due course.
By announcing a Plan to make Adam, the verse also tells us HOW Adam would be made. The rabbis said (Midrash) that when GOD(ELKM) said in plural : “Let Us Make an Adam in Our Form and Our Image, ” He spoke to “whoever was present in the room” or “whoever was listening” or “whoever is mentioned in the Chapter” either before or after the making of Adam. They would ALL participate in the making Adam. Each “consultant” would contribute a layer in Adam’s body and soul.
Who exactly is mentioned in the Chapter? Here is the list:
1. The Six Days
2. The Head of the events (The Beginning)
3. The Spirit of ELKM
4. Self-Consciousness and Free Will
5. The Drive to Multiply and Procreate
6. The Drive to Rule Over
They are all mentioned in the Chapter, either before or after mentioning Adam. They all gathered around GOD (ELKM)- the BUILDER – as He announced His decision to make Adam collectively, “In Our Form and Our Image.”
GOD (ELKM) then built a “dummy of Adam” in the ground (Talmud). Remember, the “consultations” began soon after the Midday Judgment of the Sixth Day, after the demise of the Dinosaurs and their kinds. To each one of he councilors He said: : “Let us, me and you, make Adam in our Form and our Image.”
He then went on to “consult” each councilor the same way a BUILDER would consult his Master Plan, and made a layer in Adam accordingly. This way He built Adam layer by layer, each “consultation” contributing a layer in Adam’s body and mind.
Now let’s see how Adam is built according to Moses. Does he match our Scientific knowledge about Man? . .
1. GOD (ELKM) Consulted the Six Days
and made a layer in Adam
To build Adam, GOD (ELKM) summoned the Six Days of CREATION mentioned before in the Chapter. To each Day He said-
““Let Us Make an Adam in Our Form and Our Image.”
He consulted the First Day and made Adam. Hence Adam is made of stuff that stars are made of.
He Consulted the Second Day with its Waters Above and Water Below, and made another layer in Adam accordingly. No wonder that our body comprises mostly of waters.
He Consulted the Third Day with its Vegetation, and made another layer in Adam, accordingly. You see that in the way our blood vessels brunch, and our eyes use a sort of photosynthesis to see.
He Consulted the Fourth Day and it Luminaries, and made another layer in Adam. Since then our body harbors sensitive biologic clocks, and our nervous system can switch from alertness to sleep.
He Consulted the Fifth Day with its Fish, Birds and Crocodiles, and made other layers in Adam. You see this in every human embryo developing in his mother’s uterus.
He Consulted the Sixth Day with its Cattle, Beasts and the Crawling creatures, and made other layers in Adam. You can still see this in our biology.
Adam is therefore made of everything created before him. The fingerprints of this is still seen in the way a human embryo develops in the womb. we all begin in one cell and end up as a whole creature, the summary of the Evolution. For sure, Moses concurs here in full with what Science says.
Moses is interested in telling us that Man is an integral part of Nature. We are not alien here. Man can identify with Nature around him and he is a legitimate ruler over it – since a ruler must come from among his future subjects! t. . .
2. GOD ( ELKM) consulted His Wisdom
and made another layer in Adam
“At the Head of the Events, (At the Beginning) GOD (ELKM) created the Heavens and the Earth.” (Genesis 1:1)
Next, GOD (ELKM) consulted another councilor mentioned in the Chapter. Looking “back” into the chapter, He consulted “The Beginning” or “The Head of the events” or “the Wisdom in His Head” by which He had created the world (Talmud.) He summoned His Wisdom and said to it: “Let Us, me and you, make an Adam in Our Form and Our Image”.
He then “Consulted” His Wisdom the way a BUILDER consults his plan, and planted an intelligent mind in Adam. Adam is therefore a” Homo Sapience”, a Wise Man. No wonder that Adam can decipher all the mysteries of Nature. .
Here again Moses concurs with Science that Man is a Homo Sapience. For Science this is the most important feature of Adam. . But Moses says that (GOD) ELKM wasn’t satisfied yet. He therefore continued to consult. With whom?
3. He Consulted with the “Spirit of ELKM”
Next, GOD (ELKM) turned to another entity mentioned earlier in the chapter- namely “and the Spirit of ELKM hovered over the water.” He turned to His Spirit and made another layer in Adam.
What is exactly “the Spirit of ELKM?” Moses defines it when he spoke about the building of the Tabernacle in the wilderness. There it is said that the builders was blessed with “the Spirit of ELKM: Wisdom ,Comprehension and Knowledge” to do all the craft needed to build the Tabernacles in gold, silver and grass (Exodus 35:31) 0
Thus the “Spirit of ELKM” i refers to all sorts of art, to anything that is exciting and beautiful in the world. GOD (ELKM) consulted the ability to do and appreciate and be fascinated by Art and made it a layer in Adam. This, in addition to the Six Days and the Wisdom in CREATION.
For some, this is as high as Man can be. But GOD (ELKM) wasn’t satisfied yet. He continued to consul with other entities mentioned in the chapter. with who else did He consult? . .
4. GOD (ELKM) consulted His Self Consciousness and Free Will
and made another layer in Adam
By saying Let Us, the verse infers that there exists a Self- men and you, he and she. It is not an illusion as some religions say
So after consulting His Spirit and planting Art in Adam, GOD (ELKM) consulted His SELF and said to it :
“Let Us, me and you, make an Adam in our Form and Our Image.”
He then “consulted” His “Self” like a BUILDER consulting his Plan, and made a layer in Adam accordingly. Adam is therefore blessed with a powerful self-Consciousness, Free Will and a strong, individual Ego.
So strong is Adam’s ego that it might take him astray It may make Adam extremely arrogant.
Tradition says that GOD (ELKM) wished to teach Adam how to curtail his arrogance.
When GOD (ELKM) created Adam, the rabbis said, He turned to His own Angels and said-
“Let us make an Adam..”
“Our KING, ” the surprised Angels asked, “why are you consulting us? Arn’t we your faithful messengers who perform your wish with no discretion?”
“I consult you nevertheless,” GOD (ELKM) said, “to teach Adam modesty, that the superior would consult the inferior before making a decision.” :
So the Angels continued: “Our KING, aren’t you afraid that by speaking in plural, you’ve opened the doors for idolaters to think there is more than One CREATOR? Have you not opened the door for IDOLATRY?”
And GOD (ELKM) answered: ”I take the risk, for teaching Adam modesty is paramount!”
And the Angels derived that the most powerful idol in Adam life would be his own ego.
Having these many consultations you would think that this was enough. But GOD (ELKM) continued to consult. With whom? .
5. 6 GOD (ELKM) consulted the Drive to” Procreate and Rule Over”
and made another layer in Adam
Next GOD (ELKM) turned to items mentioned in the Chapter ahead of Adam as it says –
And GOD (ELKM) said:
LET US MAKE AN ADAM IN OUR FORM AND OUR IMAGE
And ELKM created The Adam in His Image, in the Image of ELKM He created him,
male and female He created them. And ELKM blessed them and said to them
Be fruitful and multiply, filled the Earth and conquer it,
and rule over the Fish…Birds…and all the Beasts…”
The verse mentions two blessing ahead of Adam: (1) Be fruitful and multiply (2) Rule over
First, GOD (ELKM) turned to “Be fruitful and multiply” – namely the Drive to procreate, the Sex Drive, and said to it:
“Let Us, me and you, make an Adam in Our Form and Our Image.”
He consulted the Sex Drive like a BUILDER consulting his plan, and made it a layer in Adam. Moreover, He “Blessed” Adam with it, making the Sex Drive stronger in Adam than in other creatures. . Adam would be driven forwards by a perpetual Sex Drive that is independent on seasons. Prof. Sigmund Freud was right- the Sex Drive is our major propellor. . .
Next, GOD (ELKM) turned to the Drive to Rule Over and said to it:
“Let us, me and you, make an Adam in our Form and our Image.”
He then “consulted” the Drive to Rule Over and made it another layer in Adam. He even Blessed Adam with it, making it stronger m than in any other creature in Nature. The Drive for Power would dominate our lives and push us forwards to create things and leave a legacy more than any other Drive, as Prof. Carl Jung agrees.
Note that in Nature too, these two Drives- the Sex Drive and the Drive for Power – are intertwined. You see that in the way males compete for the females
You may ask: which of the two Drives is more powerful? Since Moses places the “Drive for Power” ahead of the “Sex Drive”, it means that in his opinion the former is stronger. After all, you’d place the strongest horse ahead of the wagon. .
So far, Moses concurs in full with Science about Man. Who told him the story? Who gave him the insight?
But Moses now adds something about Adam that Science would never say. What is it?