© 2020 by Rabbi Dr. Zvi Aviner

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Is Genesis compatible with Science?

(Short version)

 

As we are about to compare Genesis to our Science, we should realize how high are the stakes. For if  we’ve found Genesis incompatible with Science, we have discredited Moses’ entire revelation (assuming that Science tells us a true story.)   You don’t need to taste more the one spoon to realize that the  entire soup is spoiled. You don’t need to disproof more than one important Chapter, Genesis , to find out that the entire five books of Moses are false.

The stakes are even higher when we realize that Genesis Chapter One carries the Name ELKM 32 times!  And as we’ve learned,  ELKM’S Name stands for Absolute Truth; as if a signature of truth.   Hence  if we’ve found Genesis untrue, we’ve discredited ELKM’s Name.

On the other hand, if we’ve found Genesis compatible with our Science, then we should stand in awe: Wow told Moses the story, 3500 years ago?

This would also shed new light on why Moses placed Genesis at the beginning of his Five Books.  As a prophet, he must have known – or could predict –  that a day would come and a generation would rise and doubt his revelation.  But he could tell that this very generation – us – would be able to verify Genesis by our science.  Doing that –  he could predict- would lead us to believe in the rest of his revelation.  For indeed, if we’ve found Genesis credible, how could Moses know it , 3500 years ago?

 Now the scientific knowledge about Earth history is vast.  How can we  compare it to Genesis? Luckily for us, the History Channel (HC) has recently published a video series named “How the Earth Was Made.”  The series presents all that Science knows about Earth, using Archaeology, Biology, Astronomy, Geology, Anthropology and other brunches of modern science.  In our class we’ll use the HC series – and other similar works – as a platform for our comparison of  Genesis to Science.

Moreover, since the HC claims to be unbiased by the bible, it can serves us as an ideal platform for our comparison.

So, let’s BEGIN!

 

Genesis compared to Science

 

 

THE FIRST DAY of CREATION

 

The HC Scientific Account

 

According to the HC, the world began with the famous Big Bang 13.7 Billion human years ago.  That number was calculated ‘backwards’ by observing the rate by which the galaxies are moving away from each other. Science can also tell what happened next by the fracture of the minute. In essence, Entropy began to decline; ENERGY (Electromagnetic, Light, etc.) became to convert into MATTER;  CHAOS turned into ORDER, Gas clouds containing Helium, Hydrogen, Lithium, and other elements were formed, and Water appeared in space. Higher inorganic molecules were backed in exploding Nova.

Nine Billion years fast forward, about 4.5 Billion years ago, and Planet Earth  consolidated  as a ball by Gravity.  The Moon was created.  At first, Earth appeared as a red, volcanic Planet.  The temperature was 8000 F due to radioactive decay.   Melted, streaming lava covered the Earth’s surface. Our Planet had no atmosphere and no life yet.  The HC calls Earth “The MOLTEN ROCK, RED PLANET.”

Then, HC says, Earth surface began to cool off due to the slowing down of the radioactive  decay.  Crusted, solid rock was formed on the Earth surface, on which we live today.  The core of our Globe is still hot and full of melted lava. That stage of forming a crusted surface would turn crucial for the next stage- Water.

 

Moses’ account

 

(Genesis 1:1) In the beginning, ELKM created the Heavens and the Earth

(Genesis 1:2) And the Earth was Tohu and Bohu (Chaotic) and darkness on the face of the abyss (deep) And the Spirit of ELKM was hovering over the waters

(Genesis 1:3) And ELKM said let it be Light and there was Light

(Genesis 1:4) And ELKM saw that the Light was good and ELKM separated between the Light and Darkness

(Genesis 1: 5) And ELKM called the Light Day, and to the darkness He called Night

And there was evening and there was morning, ONE DAY  “ (Genesis 1:1-2)

 

 Moses’ description of the FIRST DAY OF CREATION does concur   with the above description. The Universe started at  a “Beginning” (unlike the Greek who said that the Universe existed forever) first as singular point then expanded (RaMBaN, 12th century AD.) Our time scale began.

The second verse of Genesis moves from the Beginning to Earth.  This could have taken many human years.  The verse describes Earth as very chaotic- tohu and bohu – a term that CAN fit the melted, streaming hot lava.  The verse also mentions “Darkness over the Teom, Deep” which CAN allude to Deep Space.  Moses mentions Light, Darkness and Water, quite similar to Science.

I emphasize the word CAN to point out that this comparison cannot be done with any myth of Moses time.

But Moses adds something that Science would never say, that ELKM saw that it was good,” – that a Judgment was passed by the all Mighty JUDGE ELKM – the BUILDER- and He was Pleased. Everything worked as planed and the stage was ready for the next Day, next Floor of the Six Floors BUILDING. This can fit the crusty surface that appeared on Earth, which could support the next phase – Water-  on it.

Then Moses says :  “And there was evening and there was morning, ONE DAY.”  As we’ve said, this Day couldn’t be our day, since the Luminaries would be seen regularly only later, on the Fourth Day. Hence, here the verse defines how long a DAY of CREATION was- the time CREATION moved from the Beginning to have in it Light, Matter and Water.  A Day of CREATION could therefore last many Billions of human years (as Kabbalah has taught.)

So far, Moses’ Genesis CAN be matched with our Scientific narrative; something you can’t do with the any myths of Moses’ time.

How extraordinary, how exceptional it is, that Moses’ account of the Beginning does NOT involve any rivalry, jealousy. sexual perversion or violence among gods.  How different Moses’ story is from the myths of his time! How could any scholar count Genesis among the Bronze age myths?

 

THE SECOND DAY OF CREATION

 

The Scientific Account

 

After the forming of the crusty surface, the HC says, from 4.4 Billion years ago to 4.1 Billion years ago (300 Million years span) water accumulated on the rocky crust. Earth became  completely covered by Ocean. It was a ‘WATER WORLD.’

From where did the Water come? The scientists, quoted by the HC, suggest that some waters came out of the cooling, rocks “bellow.”  These rocks spewed water fog mixed with CO2 and other toxic gases.  Most of the Water, however, came down from ‘above’, from Space. The scientists  have identified a segment in Space that is filed with large and small watery comets.  As Earth passed through that region in Space, an endless shower of icy comets bombarded  its surface. For 300 million years, Earth saw more rain that it would ever see. Thus, Waters came to the surface from Below and Above. 

A similar icy comet hit Siberia on January 30, 1908. It contained 30,000 tons of water, and inflicted a devastation on the environment equal to an explosion of 12 mega tones nuclear bomb.  The scientists say that this comet was a tiny fraction, detached from a bigger comet called Encke. It still travel space , containing billions  tons of water in it.

It should be pointed that without the crusting of the Earth’s surface, Water would have been able to accumulate. it would have been evaporated or sucked into the Lava and disappear.  It is due to the hard, crusty newly formed surface that the Water accumulated to form an Ocean.

Once the Earth escaped the segment of comets in Space, the rain ceased.  Around 4.1 Billion years ago, Earth was  covered by gushing, green-red Sea of Waters (red came from iron.)  The temperature dropped to about 200 F, still too high for life to appear. The atmospheric pressures was too high to allow life.  No island or dry land existed, since the rocks of that era could not withstand the erosion caused by the water waves and ferocious wind.

In summary, about 4.1 Billion years ago Earth was a Watery World covered by heavy, toxic clouds of CO2 and other gases.  Earth looked like a big oven with  fumes and red-green ocean. No life  existed.

 

 

 Moses Account of Day TWO 

 

 (1:6) And ELoHiM said Let it be a firmament in the midst of the Waters,
And let it divide Water from Water,

(1:7) And ELoHiM made the firmament, and He separated the Waters which were underneath the firmament, from the Waters which are above the firmament, and it was so.

(1: 8) And ELoHIM called the firmament Sky, Sham-mayim (“there are the waters”.)
And there was evening and there was morning, Day Two.

At the End of the First Day, the All Mighty JUDGE ELKM said that it was good. Conditions were ripe for the next Phase.  As we’ve said, this ‘good’ verdict CAN fit  the formation of the crusty rock that was so crucial for the next step- Water,

As the Second Day dawned, Moses  says, ELKM “separated the Water Above from the Water Bellow.”   No Dry Land is mentioned, and no life, not even vegetation.

Can you find a better match between Moses and Science?

 

 THE THIRD DAY of CREATION

 

 The Scientific Account

 

The Watery World, HC says, ended 4.1 Billion years ago by   volcanic eruptions  at the ocean’s bed. A new rock, The Granite, appeared the first time. Granite, unlike the older rock, could withstand the ceaseless   insult of the ferocious waves and winds.  Granite is also lighter than the older rocks.   For the first time ever, Granite Islands were formed  high over the Waters.

From 4.1 B to 1,5 B years ago, the  Granite Islands gradually consolidated into the first Super Continent, Rodenia (Mother of all continents. Most of South Africa today sits over that Granite Continent. The shores of the super Continent can be traced today by special blackish, smooth rocks that are the remains of Rodenia.  In contrast to all other rocks on Earth, these blackish ones are bereaved of any fossil of a living creature, not ever bacteria. Earth is named the “GRANITE PLANET.”

 

 Moses Account of the first half of

The THIRD Day

 

As the Third Day of CREATION dawned, Moses says,

 (1:9) “ ELoHiM said Let the Water under the Sky be gathered together into one place and let the dry land appear, and it was so.

(1:10) “ELoHiM called the dry land ground, and to the Water Gathering He called Seas, and ELoKiM saw that it was good “

Amazingly, Moses concurs in full with Science, saying that at first, the Earth was covered completely with waters, then the All Mighty JUDGE ELKM separated the Dry Land from the Sea. This CAN match well the Granite Islands that appeared and formed the first Super Continent.  Moses does not mention any Life yet.  So, who told Moses the story?

But Moses says something that Science would never say  –

 

Moses account of the Midday Judgement

of the THIRD Day

 

According to Moses, while the THIRD Day was ongoing, and after the separation of Dry Land from the Sea, ELKM pauses and passed a judgment, as it says “And ELKM saw that it was good…” (Genesis 1: 10)  A Midday Judgment meant an urgent, crucial event.  Earth stood on a crossroad- would it see Life on it , or not?

According to Moses, the All Mighty JUDGE ELKM decided that it was good, that everything was ready for the next stage- seeding Life.  The details of that Midday Judgment is given by Moses later, (in Chapters 2-5.)

A “good” verdict also meant  that the conditions on Earth were ripe for Life.  This verdict CAN fit well the appearance of Granite Islands, that were crucial for the next phase – seeding Life. 

 

SEEDING LIFE ON EARTH

 

According to Science   

 

The Granite Islands could support Life, because of their shallow, stable, sloping shores.   Those shores could support  a mono cellular algae -Stromatolites – that settle on the slops , enjoying the abundance of sunlight while they were in the water.  These Stromolites had one  important talent: they could perform Photosynthesis.  They split the CO2 of the air into carbon, which they used for their colonies, and Oxygen which they released into the water and the air.

The Stromatolites first appeared 3.5 Billion years ago, and are still seen on remote beaches like in Australia. No one knows from where and how they came on Earth, yet one thing we can tell: they are our “fathers and mothers.”  All Life evolved from them.

(I’m aware of may other theories about the show of Life on Earth.  Here we are following the HC’s view. The point is, that life appeared on Earth, according to Science, not before the separation of Dry Land from the Waters.  We’ll see that Moses says the same.

For   2 Million years – between 3.5 to 1.5 Billion years ago – the Stromolites  released so much oxygen that a new atmosphere was formed, with a blue sky we see today. The oceans too became blue.  Earth is dubbed the BLUE PLANET.

Note that the HC gives only the grand picture, without entering into minute details. So does Moses.

 

The Kingdom of Vegetation coming on Earth

according to science 

 

As the sky turned blue and the air filled with oxygen, the mono-cellular Stromatolites evolved into multi-cellular creature then to Vegetation.  It took a long time- from 3.1 B to 0.1 B years ago- for the Vegetation to evolve into grass, shrubs and trees.  The Kingdom of Vegetation came to  Earth along the shores of Rodenia. .

During that time, Rodenia split time and again by intense volcanic and tectonic activity into sub Continents, that later consolidated again.  The volcanic activity spewed nutrients that promoted the Vegetation’s growth. Yet no mobile life existed either on Dry Land or the Sea. The Vegetation fertilized itself by the wind.

 

Seeding Life on earth on the Second part of the THIRD DAY according to Moses   

 

  (1:11) “And ELoHiM said let the Earth bring forth grass, herb yielding SEED and fruit trees yielding fruits after its kind whose SEEDS is in itself, upon the Earth, and it was so.

(1:12) “And the Earth brought forth grass, herb yielding SEEDS after its kind, and trees yielding fruits whose SEEDS was in itself after its kinds. And ELoHiM saw that it was good.

(1:13) And there was evening and there was morning, Day Three.

After the separation of Dry Land from the Sea, and following the “urgent” Midday Judgment,  the All Mighty JUDGE ELKM  “SEEDED” Life the first time on Earth.  The word SEED is repeated four times in just two verses, indicating abundance.   The verse mentions Grass, Shrubs and Trees, in the same order that science says.

No one in Moses time had such knowledge.  No one in his time said that the Vegetation ruled Earth before the appearance of mobile life in the sea!   

 

 

The end of the era  according to science 

 

The Vegetation could have continue to flourish, the HC says, had not a major catastrophe hit our Planet.  it was a long, devastating Ice Age that descended on Earth and lasted from 0.7 Billion years ago to 0.65 B years ago (about 50 Million years.)  So fierce it was that it decimated all the Vegetation on Dry Land, yet  preserved it in the Sea. This would turn crucial for next phase – appearance of Mobile Life in the Sea.

What caused the Ice? Some scientists blame  Rodenia.  It grew so large that it  blocked the warm currents in the oceans. Other relate the Ice Age to a change in the tilt of Earth’s axis. The freezing began at the poles then spread over the continents.  Earth became a SNOW BALL flying in space.

 

Moses account of the End of the THIRD Day

 

(Genesis 1: 3) “And the All Mighty JUDGE ELKM saw that everything was good,

And it was evening and it was morning, Day THREE (was over)”

At the end of the THIRD Day, like on all other Days (besides the 2nd) ELKM passed a Judgment on all He had created earlier on the THIRD Day, namely the Vegetation. ELKM’s Judgment is harsh yet just. He builds and He destroys as He deems necessary according to His Plan. He gives life and He take life away in absolute Justice (with no Mercy). Creatures that do not fit the oncoming Day He would terminate. Creatures that would support the next Day, He would allow to stay.

Thus, at the end of the THIRD Day, the All Mighty JUDGE ELKM eliminated all that would not support the next, FOURTH or FIFTH Days.  This verdict CAN fit the devastating Ice Age that decimated Vegetation on Dry Land.  The ‘good’ verdict can fit well the remaining Vegetation in the water, that would turn crucial for the next stage.

 

 

  THE FOURTH DAY of CREATION

 

The Scientific Account

 

The Ice Age lasted 50 Million years (from 0.7 to 0.65 Billion years ago) caused the Vegetation on Land to die, yet kept the Vegetation in the Sea alive.  During that period, the Vegetation adapted to the new environment.

The change in the Earth’s axis had caused Ice and devastation,  yet it was  also a Blessing.  (Had not ELKM said that it was good?)  As the Earth axis as stabilized, so were the annual seasons. For the first time earth saw Summer, Winter, Spring and Fall coming regularly,   The length of days and nights was fixed, as well as the regular tides at the shores.  All that would turn crucial for the next stage.

 

Moses’ Account of the  FOURTH Day 

 

“(1:14) And ELoHiM said let there be luminaries in the firmament of the Sky to divide the day from the night. And let them be for signs and for seasons and for the days and years.
(1:15) And let them be for lights in the firmament of the sky to give light upon the Earth, and it was so.
(1:16) And ELoHiM made the two great luminaries, the Greater luminary to rule the day, and the smaller luminary to rule the night, and the stars also.
(1:17) And ELoHiM placed them in the firmament of the Sky to give light upon Earth.
(1:18) And to rule over the day, and over the night, and to divide the Light from the Darkness. And ELoHiM saw that it was Good.
(1:19) And it was evening and it was morning, a Fourth Day.

 As the FOURTH Day dawned, Moses says, the All Mighty JUDGE ELKM ordered the luminaries to be SEEN on earth in  regular fashion. So regularly, that calendars would be established by them.  So regularly, that the Earth seasons would be predicted.   So regularly, Moses says, that the length of days and nights was fixed.

 So far, can you find a better match between Moses and Science? How remarkable it is, that Moses too does not mention any mobile life yet.   So how did he know?

But Moses says something that Science would never say.  The All Mighty JUDGE, ELKM, he says, judged the passing FORTH Day and  saw that it was good.  The BUILDER was pleased. All was ready for the next stage- Life in the waters.

 

THE FIFTH DAY of CREATION

 

The Scientific Account

 

The Ice Age came to an end 650 Million years ago (0.650 Billion) by a sudden volcanic eruptions all over the Planet.  Tectonic Plates activity split the Super Continent into many sub continents that moved away from each other.  Earth’s temperature warmed up.  The volcanic activity spewed abundance of nutrients into the waters. Mobile Life appeared first time in the Oceans (Cambrian Period.)

The scientists explain the change.  Stabilizing the days and night prompted the Vegetation in the Waters to adapt.  They learned to open up at sunshine and close at nightfall.  The circadian cycle was established. This would turn crucial for the nervous system that Mobile life  depends on so much.  Animals need the ability to fall asleep than wake up.

Water, of course, is conducive for Mobile Life to develop.  Nutrients float around and the mobility in the water is easier. By 500 Million years ago, the ocean “exploded” with myriad species of mobile, swimming creatures. “The Earth would never see again so many species in the waters,” says the HC. “Fish” of all kinds and shapes appeared in the water. First came small fish, then big Fish that preyed on the smaller ones. The struggle for life began in the water. Weird “Fish” appeared. The first teeth, the first  smelling organ, first eye, first skeleton, first leg, first tail –  all developed first in the waters. Creatures learned to mascaraed to fool  predators or their own prey.  The ability to cheat, to take advantage of, to escape danger – all these biological functions first evolved in the water.  The  “Animal Kingdom came to Earth in the sea“ says the HC.

In contrast, life on Dry Land was held back by the heavy, lethal UV Sunlight radiation.  But that changed too.  Around 500 M years ago, the sky developed enough Ozone that shielded the Dry Land. This change allowed the Vegetation to crawl onto the Dry Land, followed by Mobile Life.

Let’s pay attention to the steps.  First came on board  Vegetation that formed huge swamps filed with  large trees.  “Most of our coal comes from that era” (Carboniferous Period) says the HC.   Next to evolve were Lizards and Insects to their kinds, some large as a three stories building. Some Lizards leaned to fly. In fact, the “most efficient flying creature ever to exist” was a lizard that had no feathers They relied on a skin stretched between their fingers. some lizards could fly up to  15,000 miles non-stop.  (NASA copied their shape in building super efficient jets.)

The regular tides threw some “Fish” onto the dry Land.  these Fish either evolved into Lizards, Crocodiles  and other amphibians, or wings to fly back onto the water to catch other Fish.   

About 300 Million years ago, Earth was covered by large swamps with large trees full of lizards, snakes, flying dragons, flying large and small insects, crocodiles and fierce looking birds that ruled the sky. (Ordovician Period.)

This is what Science says on the period following the Ice Age. Let’s see what Moses says about that era.

 

Moses’ Account of the FIFTH DAY

 

At the End of the FOURTH Day, ELKM passed a judgment and said that it was good. Conditions were ripe for earth to enter the next Day.  As the FIFTH Day dawned, the All Mighty JUDGE ELKM said:

(1:20) “ELoHiM said: The waters shall teem with swarms of living creatures, and Flying creatures shall fly over the land and over the Sky’s firmament

 (1: 21) ELKM created the large Crocodiles and all the living souls that crawls, with which the water teem, and every particular species if winged flying creatures

 Let’s go over the categories of creatures created on Day Five.

According to Moses, ELKM told the water to teem with swarms of living creatures” – the first Mobile Life mentioned. The water would be teamed with abundance of mobile life.  Moreover, ELKM blessed them to be fruitful and multiply. This fits very well everything that Science says about the era.

Moses mentions next creatures that could “fly over land.” This CAN fit well either the Lizards or large Insects and Dragons as well as Birds. Moses mentions next Crocodiles, large Amphibians.

Can you find a better match between Moses and Science? Who told him the story?

 

 How the era ended according to Science 

 

The enormous bloom of life in the sea and the swamps, came to an abrupt ending by another major catastrophe that eliminated 90 percent of living creatures. This happened 0.25 B (250 million) years ago when   gas bubbles surfaced and explosions all over Earth. It decimated Vegetation and Animal alike. “Earth would never see such a devastation,” says the HC.  It seemed as life was doomed.

What caused the fiery explosions? – No one knows for sure. as we have just mentioned, some say that huge toxic gas bubbles came out from under the tectonic plates, exploding in the air.  Similar bubbles have been seen also recently in India and Siberia.

Although most of life was terminated, yet the catastrophe opened an opportunity for higher life-forms to develop , such as Cattle and Beasts.

 

 Moses account on the End of the FIFTH Day

 

(Genesis 1: 21)” And ELKM said that it was good”

(Genesis 1: 22) “And ELKM blessed them saying  : Be fruitful and multiply and fill the water in the Sea and the flying creatures shall multiply on Earth 

(Genesis 1: 23) And there was evening, and there was morning, the FIFTH Day (was over)  

Towards the end the FIFTH Day, Moses says, the All Mighty JUDGE ELKM passed a Judgment. His Judgment is always harsh yet just. Creatures He deems ‘not good anymore’ would be eliminated, whereas those He deems ‘good’ would stay and adapt into the next Day.

This Judgment CAN fit the fiery catastrophe that decimated life on Earth, yet opened the door for higher creatures to evolve.  After all, ELKM said that it was good, meaning He opened the door for other creatures to evolve.

 

 

THE  SIXTH DAY of CREATION

 

The Scientific Narrative

 

The fiery explosions that occurred 250 Million years ago brought Earth into a new phase.  The surviving creatures  blossomed. The remnants of Rodenia  consolidated again and formed the last Super Continent, Pangaea.

Pangaea was the classical world of the huge prehistorical creatures that roamed the Earth (Triassic and Jurassic Periods). The air was rich with nutrients spewed by the volcanic activity, and the temperature was tropical. This prompted the Vegetation to grow even taller and thicker than before. The Ozone layer thickened too, shielding the animals from the Sun’s radiation. The new animals grew taller and bigger with no hindrance.

Life of all kinds exploded. Large leaf-eaters, Cattle-like creatures occupied the swamps, their fat bellies and short legs supported by the shallow warm waters.  They could not run fast. Soon followed huge beasts like predators that could ran fast and feed on the Cattle-like.  Among them the Dinosaurs, some tall as “seven stories building.”

This too ended by another catastrophe.

 

The Dinosaurs’ demise according to Science

 

The proliferation of Cattle- like and Beast-like creatures on Pangea ended by another major catastrophe that hit our Planet.   Around 75 Million years ago, a large meteor plunged into the sea near Mexico and arose so much ashes and radiation that suffocated large and small creatures.  Other scientists blame gas explosions for the animals demise. The catastrophe terminated the prehistorical creatures of Pangea, yet opened the door for Mammals to grow, including Man.  

 

Moses’ account of the SIXTH Day

 

As the Sixth Day dawned, ELKM continued to create like ever before. Thus-

“(1:24) And ELoHiM said let the Earth bring forth living creatures after their kind,
Cattle and Creeping things and Beast of the Earth after their kind,
and everything that Creeps on Earth after their kind, and it was so.

(1:25) And ELoHiM made the Beasts of the land to its kind, and the Cattle after their kind,
and everything that creeps on the Earth after their kind. And ELoHiM saw that it was good

 ELKM created Cattle-like, Beast-like then Creeping things.  This concurs with the scientific account mentioned above.

But what about the Creeping creatures? Had they not been created earlier on the Fifth Day? We’ll return to that question soon.

 

The Midday Judgement of the Sixth Day

according to Moses

 

While the Sixth Day was still in progress, ELKM paused and conducted another “premature” judgment on everything He had created earlier on the Sixth Day. As it is said,

(Genesis 1: 25) “And the All Mighty JUDGE ELKM saw that it was good.”

 A Midday Judgment meant an urgent, crucial Judgment.  Such a Midday Judgment had happened only once at the THIRD Day.  The Earth stood then on a crossroad – would it see Life on it or not? Now again, at the Middle of the SIXTH Day, Earth stood on a crossroad: Would it see Adam on it, or not?

To our luck, ELKM was Pleased and He said that it was good. Conditions were ripe to introduce Adam.  But this verdict also implied the demise of the creatures He deemed ‘not good.’   Since they would not support the rest of the Day, live side by side with Adam, they had to be terminated. This verdict CAN explain the Catastrophe that hit Earth and yet opened the door for Mammals.

Now, what about the Crawling Creatures? Moses mentions them as the last giant creatures that ruled Earth prior to the Midday Judgment. How could that be? Crawling creatures had been around since the swamps of the Fifth Day!!

For a while I was quite puzzled. Then came the Time Magazine and saved my faith in Moses.  How? The magazine published on the front page a picture of a huge skeleton of a snake that had been recently discovered. So large was the skeleton that it could accommodate two Greyhound buses side by side.  And this was a skeleton of a young snake!

The Time Magazine explained that after the demise of the Dinosaurs, the room opened for snakes to grow uninhibitedly.  For the next millions of years those huge snakes crawled all over and consumed everything on their path.  They ruled Earth for long time, as Moses says. some of those snakes probably lived in caves as Dragons, even side by side with humans.

 

Conclusion

 

 A key for this presentation is the notion that at Creation, GOD acted as All Mighty JUDGE ELKM who  creates, provides, but also destroys in Absolute Justice with no mercy.   During the Six Days, while building Nature, He acted as a BUILDER and  a JUDGE, who has a plan, who assesses at the end of each Day which animal would be terminated and which one would stay and support the next Day, the next Floor

This notion of ELKM,  so deeply entrenched in Judaism, does  explain  well the series of Catastrophes that hit our planet.   It is amazing to realize how the timing of the catastrophes fit well the “End of Days” Judgment by ELKM, described by Moses.

In contrast to Moses, the series of catastrophes describe by science are seen at random, with no direction.

It is also striking that every “god” verdict by ELKM signaled an introduction of increasingly more sophisticated and advanced creatures into the Six Floor BUILDING.

The prefect match between Moses and Science strikes us with awe. The Torah is a living miracle in our hands, perhaps the only  one in existence.  One may doubt the validity of many miracles such as the exodus, or other miracles performed by prophets, but one can’t deny the miracle of having the Torah itself in our hands (so says Maimonides.)

Through the story of Genesis we understand better the ways that the All Mighty JUDGE ELKM operates.  We better understand now how Nature operates efficiently, yet with no mercy in it.  We understand how creature inflict suffer, only to suffer in return, measure for measure.  It is important for, us to comprehend that mode of Justice, because we too still live under ELKM and His Ways.  We too still face the same All Mighty JUDGE ELKM who has created nature, including us. And if we are not able to receive a good verdict by Him, we too would be eliminated, not unlike the Dinosaurs.

Having said that, Moses does not stop here.  Having described how the six Days and the Universe were created, he turns to the creation of Man.

And Man, he would say, was created by a DIFFERENT HEAVENLY COURT, where Justice is mixed with MERCY.  We are built differently than all other creatures, and our judgment is different.

On that we’ll dwell next classes.

 

END OF CLASS