© 2020 by Rabbi Dr. Zvi Aviner
Is Genesis compatible with Science?
As we are about to compare Genesis to our Science, we should realize how high are the stakes. For if we’ve found Genesis incompatible with Science, we have discredited Moses’ entire revelation (assuming that Science tells us a true story.) You don’t need to taste more the one spoon to realize that the entire soup is spoiled. You don’t need to disproof more than one important Chapter, Genesis , to find out that the entire five books of Moses are false.
The problem is compounded by the fact that Genesis Chapter One carries the Name ELKM 32 times! and as we’ve pointed out, ELKM’s Name stands for the Absolute Truth; as if a signature of truth. Hence Genesis must be true, or we’ve discredited ELKM’s holy Name.
On the other hand, if we’ve found Genesis compatible with our Science, then we should stand in awe: How told Moses the story, 3500 years ago?
This may shed new light on why Moses placed the story of Genesis at the beginning of his Five Books. As a prophet, you may say, he knew or could predict that a day would come and a generation would rise that would doubt his revelation. How can a person living in our days believe in the words of Moses who lived 3500 years ago? But Moses knew that once this generation – us – would be surprised to find out that his account of Genesis does meet the scientific knowledge, this generation would also believe in the truthfulness of the the rest of his words.
How can we summarize the vast scientific knowledge about Earth history, in order to compare it to Genesis? Luckily for us, the History Channel (HC) has recently published a video series named “How the Earth Was Made.” The series presents all that Science knows about Earth, using Archaeology, Biology, Astronomy, Geology, Anthropology and other brunches of modern science. In our class we’ll use the HC series – and other similar works – as a platform for our comparison between Genesis and Science.
Moreover, since the HC claims to be unbiased by the bible, it can serves us as an ideal platform for our comparison.
So, let’s BEGIN!
Genesis compared to Science
THE FIRST DAY of CREATION
The HC Scientific Account
According to the HC, the world began with the famous Big Bang 13.7 Billion human years ago. That number was calculated ‘backwards’ by observing the rate by which the galaxies are moving away from each other. Science can tell what happened next by the fracture of the minute. In essence, Entropy began to decline; ENERGY (Electromagnetic, Light, etc.) became to convert into MATTER; CHAOS turned into ORDER, Gas clouds containing Helium, Hydrogen, Lithium, and other elements were formed, and Water appeared in space. Higher inorganic molecules were backed in exploding Nova.
Nine Billion years fast forward, about 4.5 Billion years ago, and Planet Earth consolidated as a ball by Gravity. The Moon was created. At first, Earth appeared as a red, volcanic Planet. The temperature was 8000 F due to radioactive decay. Melted, streaming lava covered the Earth’s surface. Our Planet had no atmosphere and no life yet. The HC calls Earth “The MOLTEN ROCK, RED PLANET.”
Then, HC says, Earth surface began to cool off because the radioactive decay of Earth elements slowed down. A solid rock was formed on the Earth surface, on which we live today. The core of our Glob is still hot full of melted lava. That stage of cooling surface was crucial for he next stage.
(Genesis 1:1) In the beginning, ELKM created the Heavens and the Earth
(Genesis 1:2) And the Earth was Tohu and Bohu (Chaotic) and darkness on the face of the abyss (deep) And the Spirit of ELKM was hovering over the waters
(Genesis 1:3) And ELKM said let it be Light and there was Light
(Genesis 1:4) And ELKM saw that the Light was good and ELKM separated between the Light and Darkness
(Genesis 1: 5) And ELKM called the Light Day, and to the darkness He called Night
And there was evening and there was morning, ONE DAY “ (Genesis 1:1-2)
Moses’ description of the FIRST DAY OF CREATION concurs well with the above description. The Universe started at a “Beginning” (unlike the Greek who said that the Universe existed forever) first as singular point then expanded (RaMBaN, 12th century AD.) Our time scale began.
The second verse of Genesis moves from the Beginning to Earth. It could have taken many human years. The verse describes Earth as “very chaotic”- tohu and bohu – a term that fits the melted, streaming hot lava. The verse also mentions “Darkness over the Teom, Deep” which CAN allude to Deep Space. Moses mentions Light, Darkness and Water, quite similar to Science. .
But Moses also says something that Science would never say, that “ELKM saw that it was good,” – that a Judgment was passed by the all Mighty JUDGE ELKM – the BUILDER- and that He was Pleased, that everything worked as planed, and the stage was ready for the next Day, next Floor. This can fit well the forming of crust on the surface of Earth, which could support Water on it.
Then Moses says : “And there was evening and there was morning, ONE DAY.” As we’ve said, this Day couldn’t be our day, since the Luminaries would be seen regularly only later, on the Fourth Day. Hence this verse actually defines foe us how long a DAY of CREATION was- the time it took CREATION to advance from the Beginning to have in it Light, Matter and Water. A Day of CREATION could last many Billions of human years (as Kabbalah has pointed out) .
So far, Moses’ Genesis CAN be matched with our Scientific narrative; something you can’t do with the any myths of Moses’ time.
How extraordinary, how exceptional it is, that Moses’ account of the Beginning does NOT involve any rivalry, jealousy. sexual perversion or violence among gods. How different Moses’ story is from the myths of his time! How can any scholar count Genesis among the Bronze age myths?
THE SECOND DAY OF CREATION
The Scientific Account
Next, the HC says, from 4.4 Billion years ago to 4.1 Billion years ago (300 Million years span) water accumulated on the rocky crust. Earth became completely covered by Ocean, a ‘WATER WORLD.’
From where did the Water come? The scientists quoted by the HC suggest that some waters came out of the cooling rocks “bellow.” These rocks spewed a fog of water mixed with CO2. Earth became covered by dense toxic clouds. Most of the Water, however, came down from ‘above’, from Space. The scientists actually have identified a segment in Space filed with Watery Comets. As Earth passed through that region in Space, a shower of icy comets bombarded its surface. For 300 million years, Earth saw more rain that it would ever see. Thus the Waters came to the surface from both Below and Above.
A similar event happened recently. On January 30, 1908, a huge icy comet, containing 30,000 tons of water, hit Siberia. It caused a devastation equal to an explosion of 12 mega tones nuclear bomb. The scientists say that this comet was only a tiny fraction that was detached from a bigger one called Encke, that still contains billions tons of water in it.
It should be pointed that with out the previous crusting of the Earth surface, without the preceding cooling, the Water would have never accumulated over Earth. it would have been evaporated or simply sucked into the Lava and disappear. It is the hard, crusty new surface that allowed the formation of the vast Sea.
Once Earth escaped the Segment of Comets in Space, the rain ceased. Around 4.1 Billion years ago, Earth was completely covered by gushing, green-red Sea of Waters (red came from iron.) The temperature dropped to about 200 F, still too high for life to appear. In addition, the atmospheric pressures was too high. Any rock formed over the water was immediately dissolved by the ferocious attack of fierce wind and mighty water waves, so that no island could be formed yet.
In summary, about 4.1 Billion years ago Earth was a Watery World covered by heavy, toxic clouds of CO2 and other gases. Earth looked like a big oven with fumes and red-green ocean. No life existed yet.
Moses Account of Day Two
(1:6) And ELoHiM said Let it be a firmament in the midst of the Waters,
And let it divide Water from Water,
(1:7) And ELoHiM made the firmament, and He separated the Waters which were underneath the firmament, from the Waters which are above the firmament, and it was so.
(1: 8) And ELoHIM called the firmament Sky, Sham-mayim (“there are the waters”.)
And there was evening and there was morning, Day Two.
At the End of the First Day, the All Mighty JUDGE ELKM said that it was good. Conditions were ripe for the next Phase. This CAN fit well the crusty rock that was formed on the Earth surface. It would carry Water,
As the Second Day dawned, ELKM “separated the Water Above from the Water Bellow.” No Dry Land was seen, and no life existed. Water covered Earth.
Can you find a better match between Moses and Science?
THE THIRD DAY of CREATION
The Scientific Account
The Watery World, HC says, ended 4.1 Billion years ago by volcanic eruptions at the ocean’s bed. A new rock, Granite, appeared the first time. Granite, unlike the older rock, could withstand the endless insult of the ferocious waves and winds. Granite is also lighter than the older rocks. For the first time ever, Granite Islands were formed and remained high over the Waters.
The primordial Granite Islands then gradually condensed into the first Super Continent, Rodenia (Mother of all continents. This happened around 1.5 Billion years ago. Most of South Africa today sits over these ancient Granite. One can trace today the shores of the super Continent by black, smooth rocks that are still found found along the shores of South Africa and other sites. What’s special about these blackish rocks is that they carry no trace of a life form, not even bacteria. The oldest black rocks are 4.0 to 3.5 Billion years old, indicting that no life existed yet. Earth is named the “GRANITE PLANET.”
Moses Account of the THIRD Day
As the Third Day of CREATION dawned, Moses says,
(1:9) “ ELoHiM said Let the Water under the Sky be gathered together into one place and let the dry land appear, and it was so.
(1:10) “ELoHiM called the dry land ground, and to the Water Gathering He called Seas, and ELoKiM saw that it was good “
Amazingly, Moses concurs in full with Science, saying that first the Earth was covered completely with waters, then the All Mighty JUDGE ELKM separated the Dry Land from the Sea. This CAN match well the Granite Islands that appeared and formed the first Super Continent. Moses does not mention any Life yet. So, who told Moses the story?
Moses account of the Midday Judgement
of the THIRD Day
“And ELKM saw that it was good…” (Genesis 1: 10) It was still Midday, and the THIRD Day wasn’t over, yet the All Mighty JUDGE ELKM ‘paused’ and passed a “premature” Judgment on everything He had created earlier on that THIRD Day. Some were deemed “not good” and eliminated, whereas others were deemed ‘good’ and allowed to stay on. As a BUILDER, saying that “it was good” meant that all was ready to support the next Phase. This CAN mean that the Granite Islands were ready to support the next phase- seeding Life.
SEEDING LIFE ON EARTH
According to Science
The Granite Islands were crucial for the Seeding of Life, because of the shallow, stable, sloping shores. It allowed a mono cellular algae -Stromatolites – to settle on its shores, under abundance sunlight . The Stromolites had an important talent: perform Photosynthesis. They split the CO2 of the air into carbon, which they used for their colonies, and Oxygen which they released into the water then into the air.
The Stromatolites appeared 3.5 Billion years ago, and are still seen on remote beaches like in Australia. No one knows from where and how they came on Earth, yet one thing we can tell: they are our “fathers and mothers.” All Life evolved from them.
(I’m aware of so may other theories about the appearance of Life on Earth. Here we’ve followed the HC. The main point is, though, that the appearance of Life on earth came- according to Science – not before the separation of Dry Land from the Waters.
For 2 Million years – between 3.5 to 1.5 Billion years ago – the Stromolites released enough oxygen to changed the Earth’s atmosphere. The Earth acquired the Blue sky of today. The oceans too became blue. Earth is named the BLUE PLANET.
Note that the HC gives only the grand picture, without entering into minute details. So does Moses.
The Kingdom of Vegetation coming on Earth
The HC says that the mono-cellular Stromatolites evolved into multi-cellular creature then to Vegetation. Between 3.1 B to 0.1 B years ago, the Vegetation grew on the shores of Rodenia into grass, shrubs and trees. The Kingdom of Vegetation ruled Earth.
During that time, the Super Continent split time and again by volcanic activity into sub Continents that later consolidated again. This promoted the Vegetation to grow even farther. Yet no mobile life existed, either on the Dry Land or in the Sea. The Vegetation fertilized itself by the wind.
Seeding Life on earth according to Moses
(1:11) “And ELoHiM said let the Earth bring forth grass, herb yielding SEED and fruit trees yielding fruits after its kind whose SEEDS is in itself, upon the Earth, and it was so.
(1:12) “And the Earth brought forth grass, herb yielding SEEDS after its kind, and trees yielding fruits whose SEEDS was in itself after its kinds. And ELoHiM saw that it was good.
(1:13) And there was evening and there was morning, Day Three.
After the Midday Judgment of the THIRD Day, Moses says, the All Mighty JUDGE ELKM “SEEDED” Life on Earth. The word SEED is repeated four times in just two verses, indicating abundance. The verse mentions Grass, Shrubs and Trees, in the same order that science says.
No one in Moses time had such a story. No one said that rhe Vegetation ruled Earth prior to the appearance of mobile life!
The end of the era according to science
HC says that the grows of the Vegetation was held back by a major catastrophe that hit our Planet. A long, devastating Ice Age descended on Earth. It started 0.7 Billion years ago and lasted 50 Million years, till about 0.65 B years ago. So harsh it was, so long, that it decimated all the Vegetation on Dry Land. For a moment it looked as if Life on Earth came to an end. Yet the Ice left the Vegetation in the Sea intact. This would turn crucial for next phase – Mobile Life in the Sea.
What caused the Ice? Some scientists blame Rodenia, that had grown so large it blocked the warm currents in the oceans. Other relate the Ice to a change in the tilt of Earth’s axis. The freezing began at the poles then spread over the continents. Earth became a SNOW BALL flying in space.
Moses account of the End of the THIRD Day
(Genesis 1: 3) “And the All Mighty JUDGE ELKM saw that everything was good,
And it was evening and it was morning, Day THREE (was over)”
At the end of the THIRD Day, like on all other Days (besides the 2nd) ELKM passed a Judgment on all He had created earlier on the THIRD Day, namely the Vegetation. ELKM’s Judgment is harsh yet just. He builds and He destroys as He deems necessary according to His Plan. He gives life and He take life away in absolute Justice (with no Mercy). Creatures that do not fit the oncoming Day He would terminate. Creatures that would support the next Day, He would allow to stay.
Thus, at the end of the THIRD Day, the All Mighty JUDGE ELKM eliminated all that was not needed for the next, FOURTH or FIFTH Days. This Judgment CAN fit the devastating Ice Age. The creatures that He deemed necessary for the next Day, namely the Vegetation in the Sea, were allowed to stay on.
“And there was evening” – may refer to the bad verdict
“And there was morning” – may refer to the good verdict, the start of the New Day.
THE FOURTH DAY of CREATION
The Scientific Account
The Ice Age lasted 50 Million years (from 0.7 to 0.65 Billion years ago) caused the Vegetation on Land to die, yet kept the Vegetation in the Sea alive. It adapted itself to the new environment. The change in the Earth’s axis that had caused the Ice was also associated with a blessing – the fixing of the annual seasons. They became more predictable. The length of days and nights was also fixed, due to the steadiness iof the Earth rotation on its axis. Regular tides appeared at the shores, that would turn crucial in the Evolution. Yet no mobile life existed yet.
Moses’ Account of Day FOUR
“(1:14) And ELoHiM said let there be luminaries in the firmament of the Sky to divide the day from the night. And let them be for signs and for seasons and for the days and years.
(1:15) And let them be for lights in the firmament of the sky to give light upon the Earth, and it was so.
(1:16) And ELoHiM made the two great luminaries, the Greater luminary to rule the day, and the smaller luminary to rule the night, and the stars also.
(1:17) And ELoHiM placed them in the firmament of the Sky to give light upon Earth.
(1:18) And to rule over the day, and over the night, and to divide the Light from the Darkness. And ELoHiM saw that it was Good.
(1:19) And it was evening and it was morning, a Fourth Day.
As the FOURTH Day dawned, Moses says, the All Mighty JUDGE ELKM ordered the luminaries to be SEEN on earth in regular fashion. So regularly that calendars would be established by them. So regularly, that the Earth seasons would be predicted. So regularly, Moses says, that the length of days and nights was fixed.
So far, can you find a better match between Moses and Science? How remarkable it is, that Moses too does not mention any mobile life yet. So how did he know?
But Moses says something that Science would never say. The All Mighty JUDGE, ELKM, he says, judged the passing FORTH Day and He saw that it was good. The BUILDER was pleased. All was ready for the next stage- Life in the waters.
THE FIFTH DAY of CREATION
The Scientific Account
The Ice Age came to an end 650 Million years ago (0.650 Billion) by a sudden volcanic eruptions all over the Planet. Tectonic Plates activity split the Super Continent into many sub continents that moved away from each other. Earth’s temperature warmed up. The volcanic activity spewed abundance of nutrients into the waters. Mobile Life appeared first time in the Oceans (Cambrian Period.)
The scientists explain the change. Stabilizing the days and night prompted the Vegetation in the Waters to adapt. They learned to open up at sunshine and close at nightfall. The circadian cycle was established. This would turn crucial for the nervous system that Mobile life depends so much. Animals need the ability to fall asleep than wake up.
Water, of course, is conducive to Mobile Life to develop. Nutrients float around and mobility is easier. By 500 Million years ago, the ocean “exploded” with myriad species of mobile, swimming creatures. “The Earth would never see again so many species in the waters,” says the HC. “Fish” of all kinds and shapes appeared in the water. First came small fish, then big Fish that preyed on the smaller ones. The struggle for life began in the water. Weird “Fish” appeared. The first teeth, the first smelling organ, first eye, first skeleton, first leg, first tail – all developed first in the waters. Creatures learned to mascaraed to fool predators or their own prey. The ability to cheat, to take advantage of, to escape danger – all these biological functions first evolved in the water. The “Animal Kingdom came to Earth in the sea“ says the HC.
In contrast, life on Dry Land was held back by the heavy, lethal UV Sunlight radiation. But that changed too. Around 500 M years ago, the sky developed enough Ozone that shielded the Dry Land. This change allowed the Vegetation to crawl onto the Dry Land, followed by Mobile Life.
Let’s pay attention to the steps. First came on board Vegetation that formed huge swamps filed with large trees. “Most of our coal comes from that era” (Carboniferous Period) says the HC. Next to evolve were Lizards and Insects to their kinds, some large as a three stories building. Some Lizards leaned to fly. In fact, the “most efficient flying creature ever to exist” was a lizard that had no feathers They relied on a skin stretched between their fingers. some lizards could fly up to 15,000 miles non-stop. (NASA copied their shape in building super efficient jets.)
The regular tides threw some “Fish” onto the dry Land. these Fish either evolved into Lizards, Crocodiles and other amphibians, or wings to fly back onto the water to catch other Fish.
About 300 Million years ago, Earth was covered by large swamps with large trees full of lizards, snakes, flying dragons, flying large and small insects, crocodiles and fierce looking birds that ruled the sky. (Ordovician Period.)
This is what Science says on the period following the Ice Age. Let’s see what Moses says about that era.
Moses’ Account of the FIFTH DAY
At the End of the FOURTH Day, ELKM passed a judgment and said that it was good. Conditions were ripe for earth to enter the next Day. As the FIFTH Day dawned, the All Mighty JUDGE ELKM said:
(1:20) “ELoHiM said: The waters shall teem with swarms of living creatures, and Flying creatures shall fly over the land and over the Sky’s firmament
(1: 21) ELKM created the large Crocodiles and all the living souls that crawls, with which the water teem, and every particular species if winged flying creatures
Let’s go over the categories of creatures created on Day Five.
According to Moses, ELKM told the water to “teem with swarms of living creatures” – the first Mobile Life mentioned. The water would be teamed with abundance of mobile life. Moreover, ELKM blessed them to be fruitful and multiply. This fits very well everything that Science says about the era.
Moses mentions next creatures that could “fly over land.” This CAN fit well either the Lizards or large Insects and Dragons as well as Birds. Moses mentions next Crocodiles, large Amphibians.
Can you find a better match between Moses and Science? Who told him the story?
How the era ended according to Science
The enormous bloom of life in the sea and the swamps, came to an abrupt ending by another major catastrophe that eliminated 90 percent of living creatures. This happened 0.25 B (250 million) years ago when gas bubbles surfaced and explosions all over Earth. It decimated Vegetation and Animal alike. “Earth would never see such a devastation,” says the HC. It seemed as life was doomed.
What caused the fiery explosions? – No one knows for sure. as we have just mentioned, some say that huge toxic gas bubbles came out from under the tectonic plates, exploding in the air. Similar bubbles have been seen also recently in India and Siberia.
Although most of life was terminated, yet the catastrophe opened an opportunity for higher life-forms to develop , such as Cattle and Beasts.
Moses account on the End of the FIFTH Day
(Genesis 1: 21)” And ELKM said that it was good”
(Genesis 1: 22) “And ELKM blessed them saying : Be fruitful and multiply and fill the water in the Sea and the flying creatures shall multiply on Earth
(Genesis 1: 23) And there was evening, and there was morning, the FIFTH Day (was over)
Towards the end the FIFTH Day, Moses says, the All Mighty JUDGE ELKM passed a Judgment. His Judgment is always harsh yet just. Creatures He deems ‘not good anymore’ would be eliminated, whereas those He deems ‘good’ would stay and adapt into the next Day.
This Judgment CAN fit the fiery catastrophe that decimated life on Earth, yet opened the door for higher creatures to evolve. After all, ELKM said that it was good, meaning He opened the door for other creatures to evolve.
THE SIXTH DAY of CREATION
The Scientific Narrative
The fiery explosions that occurred 250 Million years ago brought Earth to enter a new phase. The surviving creatures blossomed. The remnants of Rodeniah consolidated again and formed the last Super Continent, Pangaea.
Pangaea was the classical world of the huge prehistorical creatures that roamed the Earth (Triassic and Jurassic Periods). The air was rich with nutrients spewed by the volcanic activity, and the temperature was tropical. This prompted the Vegetation to grow even taller and thicker than before. The Ozone layer thickened too, shielding the animals from the Sun’s radiation. The new animals grew taller and bigger with no hindrance.
Life of all kinds exploded. Large leaf-eaters, Cattle-like creatures occupied the swamps, their fat bellies and short legs supported by the shallow warm waters. They could not run fast. Soon followed huge beasts like predators that could ran fast and feed on the Cattle-like. Among them the Dinosaurs, some tall as “seven stories building.”
This too ended by another catastrophe.
The Dinosaurs’ demise according to Science
The proliferation of Cattle- like and Beast-like creatures on Pangea ended by another major catastrophe that hit our Planet. Around 75 Million years ago, a large meteor plunged into the sea near Mexico and arose so much ashes and radiation that suffocated large and small creatures. Other scientists blame gas explosions for the animals demise. The catastrophe terminated the prehistorical creatures of Pangea, yet opened the door for Mammals to grow, including Man.
Moses’ account of the SIXTH Day
As the Sixth Day dawned, ELKM continued to create like ever before. Thus-
“(1:24) And ELoHiM said let the Earth bring forth living creatures after their kind,
Cattle and Creeping things and Beast of the Earth after their kind,
and everything that Creeps on Earth after their kind, and it was so.
(1:25) And ELoHiM made the Beasts of the land to its kind, and the Cattle after their kind,
and everything that creeps on the Earth after their kind. And ELoHiM saw that it was good
ELKM created Cattle-like, Beast-like then Creeping things. This concurs with the scientific account mentioned above.
But what about the Creeping creatures? Had they not been created earlier on the Fifth Day? We’ll return to that question soon.
The end of the era according to Moses
While the Sixth Day was still in progress, ELKM paused and conducted another “premature” judgment on everything He had created earlier on the Sixth Day. As it is said,
(Genesis 1: 25) “And the All Mighty JUDGE ELKM saw that it was good.”
A Midday Judgment meant an urgent, crucial Judgment. Such a Midday Judgment had happened only once at the THIRD Day. The Earth stood then on a crossroad – would it see Life on it or not? Now again, at the Middle of the SIXTH Day, Earth stood on a crossroad: Would it see Adam on it, or not?
To our luck, ELKM was Pleased and He said that it was good. Conditions were ripe to introduce Adam. But this verdict also implied the demise of the creatures He deemed ‘not good.’ Since they would not support the rest of the Day, live side by side with Adam, they had to be terminated. This verdict CAN explain the Catastrophe that hit Earth and yet opened the door for Mammals.
Now, what about the Crawling Creatures? Moses mentions them as the last giant creatures that ruled Earth prior to the Midday Judgment. How could that be? Crawling creatures had been around since the swamps of the Fifth Day!!
For a while I was quite puzzled. Then came the Time Magazine and saved my faith in Moses. How? The magazine published on the front page a picture of a huge skeleton of a snake that had been recently discovered. So large was the skeleton that it could accommodate two Greyhound busses side by side. And this was a skeleton of a young snake!
The Time Magazine explained that after the demise of the Dinosaurs, the room opened for snakes to grow uninhibitedly. For the next millions of years those huge snakes crawled all over and consumed everything on their path. They ruled Earth for long time, as Moses says. some of those snakes probably lived in caves as Dragons, even side by side with humans.
A key for this presentation is the notion that at Creation, GOD acted as All Mighty JUDGE ELKM who BUILDS a Six Floors BUILDING, Nature. As such, the JUDGE ELKM builds, creates, but also takes life away and destroys in Absolute Justice. This notion of GOD, so deeply entrenched in Judaism, also explains the series of Catastrophes that hit our planet. It is amazing to realize that those Catastrophes relate well to the “End of Days” Judgment conducted each Day.
We stand in awe regarding the perfect match between Genesis and our Scientific knowledge. The Torah itself is a living miracle in our hands, perhaps the only possible one.
But Moses did not come to tell us about the Universe. He came to tell us, rather, about OUR TRIAL BY GOD. In that perspective, Genesis Chapter One is a good introduction. It tells us about the “structure” of the Heavenly Court, and especially about the All Mighty JUDGE ELKM and His Ways. We need to know this since we are all still under His scrutiny.
Moses continues to tell us about Mankind and our trial. He is going to tell us about the Merciful Attribute YHVH who judges us differently. He informs us about all that along with his description of the creation of Adam.
So, how was Adam created? Does Moses’ desription match with our Science? Does he add something about us that Science does not say? On that well dwell next class.
END OF CLASS