old tubal cain

3: Clumsy Lemech, the Seventh Generation after Cain
Cain saw seven generations after him. At that time, YHVH’S protection expired. His descendants were aware of this, and were afraid that someone would kill their forefather. Cain’s descendants lived at that time at the outskirt of society, not mixing with Shet’s family who ruled Earth. They are described as very gifted with talents for Art, Music, Science, and Architecture. For example, Cain’s son Chanoch was the first architect who “built a city,” (Genesis 4: 17)

One of Cain’s faithful descendants was Clumsy Lemech. He is described as a very arrogant person, referring to himself in the third voice, as if he was a very important person. In fact he had a small brain but two huge hands that could smash to pieces an oxen’s head with just one clap. Being half-blinded, Lemech used to stumble over things and break them: an accident-prone. The word Lemech has become a nickname in Yedish for a clumsy, accident-prone person who goes around breaking things of failing in every human endeavor.

Fearing that someone would kill his forefather Cain, Clumsy Lemech vowed to avenge Cain’s killer not once, not 7 times’ but 77 fold:

“If Cain shall be avenged sevenfold, Lemech (shall avenge) Seventy Seven” (4:24)

Here he talks about himself in the third voice, as arrogant man would do.

5: Cain Family’s Spirituality
That practice highlights Cain-family’s believes. Being conscientious of their forefather murderous act, and in an attempt to compensate for his deed, his descendants took upon themselves to observe ELOHIM’S LAWS stringently. They adopted self-righteousness beyond what was required. Thus they separated ‘having children’ from ‘having sex.’

Moreover, they practiced ELoHiM’s Laws in exaggerated manner without Mercy. They took an eye for an eye, a tooth for tooth, literally and with no Mercy (a thing that Israel’s Court would never do.) They cut the hands of thieves in the market-place with no Mercy. They stoned the idolaters, hang and kill in retributions like ELoHiM would do, with no compassion or forgiveness. Hence their nickname THE CHIDLREN OF ELoHiM. (We’ll discuss that name soon)

6: Lemech’s mishap on his wedding night

Let’s proceed with Clumsy Lemech’s family. The Torah says that his wives bore four talented children:

“And Ada gave birth Yaval, he was the father of such that dwell in tenets, and of such that have cattle.

Yaval was the first to come out of the city, raise cattle and dwell in tents. He was a sensitive man, always keen about his honor. Indeed, the first Bedouin.
“And his brother’s name was Yuval, he was the father of all such that handle the lyre and the harp”
Yuval was the first violin or harp (pipe?) player. His name, Yuval, means a spring-water. They say his sweet music opened the listener’s heart allowing emotions to stream out. These were the two sons of Ada, the first wife who was designated for bearing children. Now the Torah says:
“And Tzila, she also gave birth to Tubal Cain the forger of every sharp instrument in brass and iron”
Why does it say that “she also gave birth?” Because she was expected NOT to bear any children.
So what happened?
Rashi tells us the fascinating story: Clumsy Lemech, the accident-prone half-blinded arrogant, had another accident on his wedding night with Tzilah. To make sure that the second wife would not be impregnated, their custom was to give the new bride a Sterilizing Cup (Rashi) which would sterilize her, but not before she would suffer terrible belly pains accompanied with vomiting. The Midrash says that many of these wives perished in pains by this cup, and only those who survived remained sterile. This, again, fits well the spirit of the Merciless CHILREN OF ELoHiM, whose self-righteousness and false piety carried them to the absurd.

No body knows for sure, says the Midrash, what happened at Lemech’s wedding night. Did Tzilah mix the cups? Or was it one of Lemech’s unfortunate accidents? After the wedding night they found Lemech twisted on the ground with pains, full of his own vomit. Tzilah on the other hand, became impregnated. She then gave birth to a very talented young man, Tubal Cain, who was the first to “forge sharp instruments of iron.”

7: Meet our Uncle, Tubal Cain
Tubal Cain, as the Torah says, discovered a strong metal alloy that allowed him to make very sharp death-instruments. His name, Tubal, means ‘to put a spice.’ In other words, Tubal put ‘spices’ on his forefather Cain’s murderous deeds. If Cain killed Abel with his bare hands or by a rock, Tubal Cain killed many men by his ultra sharp iron instruments. Tubal made strong arrows that flew straight to the target without missing. His daggers and swards smashed any other metal sword. His new spears penetrated all metal shields. This technology rendered the CHILDREN OF ELoHiM family very powerful. No one could stand Cain’s family military force. As we remember, the other families of Mankind, headed by Enosh’s Shet family, corrupted into Violent Theft, hamas. We can imagine that Cain’s family, now armed by Tubal’s strong weaponry, could stand and overcome their enemies quite well. Cain’s family chieftains, Aza and Azael, became very powerful. The Midrash describes Tubal Cain as a leader of a murderous gang that robbed and rapped in daylight, under the watchful Sun, with no shame.

8: Meet our mother, Naama
Having described Lemech, his two wives and their four sons, the Torah remarks:
“And the sister of Tubal Cain was Naama.
You’d hardly notice this verse, had it not referred to our beloved mother Naama, Noah’s wife.
Who was Naama?

After Tzilah conceived Tubal, Lemech had no more any marital relationship with his wives. The two of them rejected him fiercely, leaving him bitter and frustrated. Several years passed by, and the shrewd Tzilah decided to have another child, so she was impregnated by Lemech and begot a girl whom she named Naama. It seems that there were twin Naama, the two girls looking amazingly alike. Why did Tzilah name both Naama? Perhaps she wished to confuse everyone. Tzilah arose in her youth as a dancer, coming from a low, social background, marrying Lemech for status. As a gifted dancer, she raised her twins to perform as one girl-dancer, fooling the audience in their magic. Everyone thought there was only one, beautiful Naama.

Naama the twins grew to become one of the most fascinating dancers in history. They (She?) performed as a drummer, as a sex-priest who exerted such a magic on the audience that males used to leave their wives in order to follow her (them.) Many such males committed suicide, after having one night of wild sex with her. She is also depicted as a Demon which appears in man’s sexual dreams, flying high over body of Waters. She was said to occupy two sites in space at the same time, perhaps an evidence of the twin’s magical skill. As a daughter of the CHILDREN OF ELOKIM she (they) promulgated IDOLATRY, disregarding YHVH. It seems that one twin was genuinely corrupt, rendering Aza and Aziel mad. The other married Noah.

9: Lemech slaying Cain
Let’s return to Cain. Seven generations passed, and YHVH’S protection of him expired. Cain became a legitimate target for anyone trying to avenge Abel death.

One day–the Midrash says–Tubal Cain came home bragging of new arrowheads he had made. These arrowheads could pierce the air hitting their target with no deviation. You needed, however, a strong bow to shoot those arrows, and you needed strong hands to tighten the bow. Lemech, whose hands could smash an oxen head, could do that. So Tubal loaded the bow with his new arrow and handed it to his father. Not far, in the wood, an animal with a horn on its head appeared. Moreover, a strange light came out from the animal’s back, allowing them to discern the animal well. “Father, shoot!” Tubal said to the half-blinded Lemech and helped him to stabilize the arrow. “Father, shoot!” Tubal cried out with excitement. Lemech shot, and the arrow hit the figure in the forest in its forehead.
“Father, wait here!” Tubal cried out and run to examine the catch. How horrified he was to discover that the dead target was no other than his forefather Cain. Fearing for his own life, Tubal ran away. When Lemech was notified about the accident he clapped his hands with deep despair, crying: “Where is this son of a Lemech! I’ll kill him!” He sensed that his own curse of avenging Cain for Seventy Seven generations would befall on his own head, on his own family, decimating their memory for 77 generations.

As the verse says, Tubal was somehow caught in between his father’s clapping hands. Those mighty hands broke his neck and he perished, after being wounded for sometime. Realizing that the curse had already started to wipe out his own family, Lemech cried to his wives:

“And Lemech said to his wives
‘Ada and Tzila, listen to my voice, (obey me)
Lemech’s wives, hear what I have to say,
For I’ve slain a man, for my wound,
And a boy for my hurt,
“If Cain shall be avenged sevenfold, Lemech (shall avenge) Seventy Seven” (4:24)

Here you see him talking about himself in the third voice, and also trying to restore his marital relationship with his rebellious wives (Rashi.)
Now let’s see how difficult it became for Noah to marry Naama:
1. Noah was a righteous man, whereas Naama was totally corrupt.
2. Noah came from Shet, while Naama stem from Cain. As it turned out, there had been a ban on mixed marriages between Shet and Cain. Why? All such mixed couples had produced MONSTROUS CHILDREN that threatened to destroy the world (Zoahr.)
3. Lemech’s curse now added on the ban. Who would marry a daughter from a family that would be decimated down to Seventy Seven generations?

Indeed, while their peers bore children by the thousands, and their seed filled the Earth, Naama and Noah begot only three sons, and only just before the Flood (5: 32.) Their sons, too, refrained from bearing children till after the Flood.


Let’s focus on Cain’s tribe a bit more. The verse says:

“And the CHILDREN OF ELOHIM saw Adam’s daughters
That they are good, and they took themselves wives
Whoever they wanted”
(Genesis 6: 2)

Here the emphasis is on Adam’s daughter. Humanity at that time were considered THE CHILDREN OF ADAM. Only Enosh’s followers –till today—are called THE CHILDREN OF ENOSH. One day, we hope, humanity will rise to become THE CHILDREN OF NOAH.

The term CHILDREN OF ELOKIM can be explained in several ways:
1. They were Angels who came down to marry daughters of Adam. That explanation negates the principles of Judaism, that Divine is Divine and Man is Man.
2. They were the Children of the Judges, or of mighty people or leaders.
3. They were a group that followed ELoKiM only.

The Zoahr and other sources follow the last explanation. If you wish, they are all the same. Thus the Mighty CHILDREN OF ELOKIM were, initially, self righteous as Angels. Tubal Cain made them powerful and mighty leaders on Earth. They corrupted and took for themselves wives whoever they liked, married or not (Rashi.) From IDOLATRY they fell into ADULTERY.

Now let’s examine the verse that follows:

“The NEFILIM were in Earth those days,
And also after that when the CHILDREN OF ELOHIM
Came in to the daughters of Adam,
And they bore children to them.”
(Genesis 6: 4)

Who were the NEFILIM? There are several options to be found in the commentaries:
1: ‘Nifla’ means ‘wondrous.’
2. There was a nation called Nefilim.
3. Nefilim are ‘giants.’ They are mentioned in the story of Moses’ spies, living in the City of Hebron. One of them, Og the King of Bashan, is described as a survivor of the Flood. Another Nefil was Goliath.
4. Nefilim means ‘Fallen from grace.’

It seems that all the above are true. The CHILDREN OF ELOHIM tribe fell from grace after their corruption. Their mighty chieftains, Uza and Azael, were inflicted by sexual madness, such as marrying animals (bad influence of Naama?)
They fell from grace because:
They lacked Mercy,
They had become insensitive to human and animals’ suffering.
They adhered to ELOHIM while neglecting YHVH.

Thus, the fall was sliding from IDOLATRY to ADULTERY to BLOODSHED to THEFT. Once you’ve transgressed one Commandment, you’d be tempted to transgress them all, one by one.

In Summary:
At the Flood, humanity split into two rival fractions:
1. Shet family, headed by Enosh, believing that YHVH Kingdom had already arrived.
2. Cain family, headed by Aza and Azael, believing in ELoHiM”s harsh Laws while neglecting the Merciful YHVH.
Now where did Noah stand in this mess?


© 2006 by Rabbi Tzvi Aviner
Know your Creator, know yourself, and know the difference

Welcome to our Noahide Torah Class 17. Last time we saw how humanity–THE CHILDREN OF ADAM—split into two rival fractions:
1. Enosh followers–SHET family–believing in YHVH but neglecting ELoHiM.
2. Cain’s tribe–the CHILDREN OF ELOKIM–believing in ELoKim neglecting YHVH.

Each fraction started with a special kind of IDOLATRY–violating YHVH-ELOKIM ONENESS, and KINGSHIP.

Each fraction, as we’ve seen, deteriorated from its own brand of IDOLATRY into the common path of ADULTERY, BLOODSHED, THEFT and INJUSTICE.
1. Enosh disciples took for granted that YHVH’s Kingdom is here. Hence everything is Forgiven with Compassion and Mercy, so they did whatever they wished with no fear of ELoKiM’s retributions.
2. Cain’s descendants kept ELoKiM’s laws stringently with no Mercy. They took an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth, literally, as the Absolute Justice dictates. In time, this practice rendered them insensitive to human plight and suffering. Killing, stoning and hanging was a common practice in their midst. They too corrupt into ADULTERY and BLOODSHED and THEFT.

The fall of the CHILDREN OF ELOHIM from grace was enhanced by Tubal Cain’s success in developing a new metal alloy. That technology gave Cain’s family enormous military advantage over their enemies. The Torah says that their chieftains took women as they wished, regardless whether these women were married or not. The wondrous, giant Nefilim, Aza and Azael—probably Cain’s leaders–fell from grace. They were once pious like angels, but now they became less than a human. Tubal Cain’s ferocious gang robbed, raped and murdered under the watching Sun, with no shame (Midrash.) His sister Naama, the legendary, magical dancer spread sexual decay. It is said that men left their families after one night sexual stand with Naama, only to commit suicide at the end (Zoahr.)
When Noah was born, the parties of Shet and Cain both engaged in sexual perversions, bestiality, and unnatural sex of the worst kind. Moreover, people did not go to work. Sometimes they ploughed their fields but never bothered to harvest the crop. They started building homes but left them unfinished. Indeed, “the Earth corrupted before ELOKIM and the Earth filled with hamas.”
That was the face of humanity when Noah was born.

1. Noah was born tenth generations after Adam

“And Lemech lived a hundred and eighty two (182) years and begot a son,
And he called him Noah, saying, ‘This one shall comfort us for all our work
And the toil of our hands, for the curse which YHVH has cursed.”
(Genesis 5: 29)

Noah was born the tenth generation after Adam. Later it would take ten generations from Noah to Abraham birth. That number is significant, since it shows that the Heavenly Court develops the right soul to fit the generations. Noah was born for his generation whereas Abraham was born for his generation. Thais is why the verse says: “And Noah was a righteous man in his generations.” (Genesis 6: 9).
You may call it a ‘Heavenly guided genetic engineering,’ or by any other appropriate term, but clearly the Torah is telling us that Hashem is engaged in developing righteous people for the generations, to advance humanity forwards.

That point is farther illuminated in the Story of the Prophet Billam that we’ll learn with Go-d help in due course. There it took HaShem so many generations to ‘develop’ Ruth the Moabite from the filth of Sodom and Gomorrah. Then it took several generations to bring David from Ruth, and now it takes generations to bring the Son of David. The vision of HaShem as sitting and examining human seeds, and asking Himself “when would a righteous person come?” is central to Bilaam prophecy and to the understanding of Noah faith. HaShem works His miracles through Nature. One needs to fertilize the human seed to bring forth righteous people.

2. Noah line from Shet
In that vision on our minds, let’s note that Noah came from a remarkable line of righteous descendants of Shet, all spiritual leaders of their generations. On Shet it says that he was born in the image and form of Adam (Genesis 5: 3.) Since Adam was made in the ‘Image and Form of ELoKiM,’ it comes out that Shet inherited that righteousness from Adam. Among Noah’s forefathers we see Enosh, Hanoch, and Metushelach, the pillars of faith.

3. Noah the pleasant
As the verse explicitly says, ‘Noah’ means ‘comfort,’ expressing his parent’s hope that the newborn son would give much comfort to the ‘tile of our hands,’ meaning to the farmers (Rashi). Their hope would later materialize, since Noah was the first to convert metal weaponry to metal ploughs. Apparently he took his brother-in-law, Tubal Cain’s metal swords and arrows and melted them for his ploughs (Midrash.) Thus Israel prophets’ futuristic vision of Universal Peace, where all the Nations will melt their swords and convert them to ploughs started with Noah. THAT EXPRESSES WHAT THE NOAHIDE MOVEMENT IS ALL ABOUT: PEACE ON EARTH. What a timely message! Imagine taking all the billions of moneys and investing them in ‘ploughs.’ This is what BN teach the world!

3: Noah the accommodating soul
Another, the third meaning of ‘Noah’ is ‘pleasant’ in the sense of his ‘accommodating character.’ His wife’s name, Naama, infers the same, suggesting that she too was a pleasant and accommodating woman. Hence these two were matched for each other from birth.
It is said that Noah never rebuked or scolded anyone. Even when seeing his generation wickedness, he remained quiet, which some Rabbis interpreted as a weakness, or compliance. They point out that Abraham, in contrast, gave his life for the sake of the Creator, teaching his neighbors the faith regardless the risk for his life. Abraham was the first warrior and a martyr for Noah’s Seven Commandments, as opposed to Noah himself. That shows what Israel is all about. Israel, as Abraham’s seeds, has to spread Noahide Seven Commandments to the world like Abraham did.
It is said that “Noah was a righteous man,” and the same is said on Abraham. Both were righteous, in their own generations. Abraham was a martyr, but Noah’s generation was tougher; more stubborn. Abraham wouldn’t succeed in teaching Noah’s generations, had he lived in his time (Midrash.)

How accommodating was Noah?
When ELoHiM told Noah about the forthcoming of the Flood, he did not go out to rebuke his generation. But when HaShem told him to build an ark, Noah started to build it slowly, placing it on the top of a nearby mountain. For more than one hundreds years he and his three sons would come day by day to work on the project. When people made fun of him saying, “Silly, why do you build your beautiful Ark on the top of the mountain? Do you think the ocean will rise to reach the top?” He answered: “You’ve just said so.” And when they said, “Are you telling us to repent, lest the waters would rise?” He said, “You’ve said so.” (Midrash)

Again, Noah’s pleasant and accommodating character is important to the understanding what Bnei Noah movement is all about. BN are not about to start a revolution, or a new religion, or to conquer Earth by the sword, or even by evangelizing. Noahide spread their words by giving a personal example of living a righteous life, merely by keeping the Seven Commandments. Noahide are not called upon to act like Abraham, as zealots, but to emulate Noah the pleasant.

4. Noah who rests
Another, the forth meaning of Noah is ‘rest.’ Thus the Ark ‘rested’ on the ground (Genesis 8: 4), using the same Hebrew term as Noah. Moreover, Noah ‘rested’ all his life on the weekly Sabbath. In addition, inside the Ark, Noah witnessed the Eternal Sabbath–the very Kingship of YHVH that Enosh had prophesized. Inside Noah’s Ark the wolf did not prey on the lamb, and a child played safely over a snake-pit. Inside the Ark there was no sickness and no death. Thus Noah is the only human that has ever experienced the Sabbath on Earth, but only inside his Ark.

That is why it is said, “these are the history of Noah, Noah was a righteous man.” The Rabbis ask: Why is Noah name repeated twice? And they answer: In order to show that Noah ‘rested’ in two kinds of Sabbaths: Our weekly Sabbath, and the Futuristic Eternal Sabbath (Zoahr).

And here we come to an important message regarding BN and the Sabbath. A BN keeps the Sabbath to commemorate the Story of Creation. The Sabbath is a testimony that ELoKiM created the world in Six Days, and rested on the Seventh. One day, a BN believes, the Sabbath will spread out of Noah’s Ark and covers the entire world LIKE WATERS CONVERS THE SEA.

5. Noah’s second name
There was another name offered to Noah. When he was born, his father’s father, Metushelach, feared that ‘demons’ would take the child away. Let’s remember that Metushelach was a very righteous man, destined to live longer than any other man. Wishing to scare the demons away from the child, Metushelach offered to confuse them by adding the letter “M” before and after the name ‘Noah,’ making it sound like Me’Noah’eM–which also means in Hebrew ‘Savior.’ Thus the Messiah’s name is the same, MeNaHem. The parents declined, leaving his name ‘Noah.’ This would allow the ‘demon’ Naama, so to speak, to take possession of Noah and even marry him. But as we’ve noticed, the demon Naama was just a myth. They were talented, beautiful twin girls who danced so magically that they ‘fooled’ everyone ( Zoah.)

6: Noah the ‘complete’ righteous man: the circumcised one
Noah was born circumcised, as it says “Noah was a complete righteous man.” To be ‘complete’ is to be circumcised. Thus Abraham was ordered to circumcise himself, to be ‘complete.’
Since Adam too was born circumcised, Noah’s parents took it as a sign that their child was destined for greatness, OR THAT HE WOULD BECOME A NEW ADAM. Hence circumcision applies to BN, but not as a Commandment. This sort of circumcision would signify entering to Noah’s Rainbow Covenant, rather than to Abraham Covenant.

7: Who was Noah’s mentor?
If humanity was so divided at Noah time, who was his mentor?
Tradition says that Noah was raised by a grandfather. Was he Metushelach, Hanoch, or Enosh? There are different opinions. His illustrious grand-grandfather Enosh would pass away later, when Noah would become one hundred years old, and it is conceivable that Noah was exposed to his teaching. The overlapping of Enosh and Noah is important. In the same token, Noah overlapped with Abraham. They met when Abraham was 58 years old (as the number ‘Noah’ in Hebrew implies.)

Thus Noah was raised under the influence of Shet. He must have witnessed the fiery sermons of Enosh about ‘calling YHVH’–and he saw the moral decay that followed. Thus he faced a dilemma: should he follow Enosh’s teaching about YHVH, or Adam’s teachings about YHVH-ELoHiM KINGSHIP?


How did the Heavenly Court see Noah’s world?
Soon after introducing Noah, the Torah says: (Genesis 6: 5-14)

“And YHVH saw that the wickedness (evilness) of Adam was great on Earth, and
That all the impulses of his heart are evil all day long, And YHVH
Regretted that He had made Adam on Earth, and was
Saddened to His Heart, and YHVH said,
I will wipe out Adam whom I had
Made from the face of the
Earth, both Man and
Cattle to creeping
Things and the
Bird of the air,
For I regret
Making them.”

“And Noah found face in the eyes of YHVH.
These are the histories of Noah, Noah was a complete, righteous man,
In his generations, with ELoHiM did Noah walk, and Noah
Begot three sons, Shem ham and Yafet,”

“And the Earth
Corrupted before
ELoKiM, and the
Earth filled with hamas,
And ELoKiM saw The Earth
And behold, it was corrupt; for
All flesh corrupted its way On Earth.
And ELoKiM Said to Noah, the end of
All flesh has come before me, for the Earth is
Filled with Their hamas, and I shall destroy them with
Earth. And I, myself, Will bring the Flood on Earth to destroy all flesh
In which is breath of life, from Under the Heavens, and everything that is on Earth shall die.”


Here the Torah gives the first description ever of the Heavenly Court in Session. Let’s pay attention that the Torah first presents the Merciful Attribute YHVH’s reaction to human evilness (shown in blue) then ELoKiM’s reaction (shown in red). Notice how Noah appears ‘supported’ between them (here in brown,) the three creating an image of a giant butterfly (or Noah’s Dove.) The Attributes comprise the Wings; each wing studded by three times YHVH and three times ELoKiM, respectively, to provide symmetry. The flying Attributes (Wings) observe (judge) humanity bellow on Earth, while they carry Noah between them, lifting him up so to speak over mighty Waters to save him. Note that Noah was saved by both Attributes YHVH and EloKiM, each from its own perspective and reasons. (And never forget: YHVH EloKIM is ONE.) The Wings seem supporting Noah, but the reverse is also true: NOAH UNITES THE ATTRIBUTES.

This remarkable, unbelievably image fills our heart with awe. The Torah here depicts the relationship between the Attributes and Noah, more clearly than by myriad words. Noahide are supported by the Heavenly Court, but on the other hand Noahide comprise the ‘body’ of the Heavenly Court, on Earth. Yes, there is a definite role for Israel as a special case of BN, but the glue of ONENESS is Noah, before anyone else.

YHVH response
1. Evil in YHVH’s eyes

Let’s examine YHVH reaction to human evilness before the Flood (the bluish Wing). It says that “YHVH saw the evilness of Man; that the thoughts of his hear are only evil, all day long.”
Note that ‘evil’ in the Torah always infers ‘evil in the eyes of YHVH.’ Evil is never depicted ‘in the eyes of ELoKIM’ but ‘in the eyes of YHVH.’ ‘Evil,’ then, is defined as ‘the opposite of Mercy,’ which is–you guess right–Cruelty. An evil person is not necessarily one who transgresses the law, but one who stabs his friend in his back, or speaks a bad mouth against him, or inflicts damage with insensitivity and cruelty. An evil person in YHVH’s eyes is–by definition–one who lacks Compassion, Mercy and Forgiveness, and acts accordingly.

2. YHVH is concerned about our heart

As the verse says, “And YHVH saw that the evilness of man is great on earth, and that the thoughts of his heart are only evil all day long.” YHVH is concerned with what is happening in Man’s heart, where YHVH dwells.

3 YHVH reacts with Her Heart

Note that YHVH became ‘saddened’ by Man’s evilness. YHVH dwells in our heart, is concerned about our hearts, and would react to our faults with Her Heart, that is, emotionally. This is why YHVH either ‘likes’ us or ‘hates’ us; ‘is proud’ of us or ‘is disappointed’ by us. For instance, it says here that: “And Noah found Face in the eyes of YHVH.” YHVH ‘liked’ Noah, emotionally.
Note that ELoKiM, on the other hand, would react differently. ELoKIM neither hates of loves us. ELoKIM places our deeds on His Scale, as in Rosh HaShanah, and deems us wicked or righteous, accordingly.

4. And YHVH was saddened

The verse says that before the Flood, YHVH was saddened. YHVH wasn’t angry, but saddened.
What does this mean?
Normally the Merciful ONE protects us and defends us in the Heavenly Court. This is the very meaning of Mercy and Forgiveness and Compassion. If ELoKIM’s verdict is harsh, Mercy would find a reason to ameliorate it or cancel it all together. That is the essence of Rash HaSHananh Holiday, and Yom Kippur fast day. Mercy overcomes the Absolute Justice. The High Priest of Israel would enter the holy of holies and pray: “Let your Mercy overcome your Anger.” (Talmud)

So normally YHVH acts in our behalf, as our Defense; while ELoKIM acts like our Prosecutor in the Heavenly Court. In fact, throughout the entire Torah you’d find Satan (the Angel helping ELoKIM to prosecute) speaking before ELoKIM, never before YHVH.

How exceptionally it is, therefore, that YHVH was saddened by human evilness at Noah’s time. When our Defense is saddened and silenced, the path is opened for the Prosecutor to go forth with His accusations. That is why the Torah now proceeds on with ELoKiM’s verdict.

5. When would YHVH be angered?

We’ve just seen that YHVH was ‘saddened’ by the human evilness before the Flood. Let’s ask: Does YHVH ever get angered? Imagine a situation where your defense-lawyer is enraged by your deeds. Not only he has shied away with sadness from defending you, not only he has quitted (like YHVH in the Flood) but he joins force with your prosecutor!

That has happened, thanks goodness, only a few times in human history as described in the Bible:
1. It is said that before overturning Sodom and Gomorrah, YHVH ‘Herself’ came down to watch their evilness, as if SHE couldn’t believe it. YHVH ‘guarded Her Sword’ in order to throw on the Sodomites fire and Gofer. That means that YHVH was angered by human evilness. YHVH wondered: “Is it true what I hear her cry?” –Referring to the torture and rape and other evildoings that had been committed down bellow. Sodomite’s cruelty was done with laughter and cynical behavior of the perpetrators (the Midrash describes it in details.) In our time, the Nazi Death Camps and the SS behavior resemble the ancient Sodomite Society (=SS). Only that the ancient Sodomites did not make soaps from human fat, or combs from human hairs, like the modern SS did. What would be YHVH’s reaction to today’s evilness? Would there be another Noah?
2. Similarly, when Pharaoh threw the Israelite’s newborn sons into the Nile, or bathed in their blood, or placed the bodies in the Pyramidal Wall (Midrash) the Merciful YHVH was enraged. That brought upon Egypt the ten plagues, and later drawn Pharaoh’s chariots in the Reed Sea. Seeing the Merciful YHVH’s anger, Moses and Israel called YHVH ‘Man of War.’ Imagine, how great the Egyptians’ evilness must have been, to convert the Defense into a Prosecutor!
3. When the Cn’anites sacrificed humans to the Molech—beside other sexual immorality of the worst kind – the Merciful YHVH wrath was enkindled. It wasn’t Idolatry, but cruelty and evilness that brought the Merciful YHVH to order Joshua to destroy them. If Israel would emulate the Can’anites, Israel too would be destroyed and exiled. Thus there was no ethnic war here but YHVH anger against evilness and cruelty. In fact, Joshua offered the Cnanaite peace, on condition they would abide by Noah’s Seven Commandments (Talmud).

These are a few examples to show how the Merciful YHVH might be enraged by our excessive evilness. It is a lesson to us, with our own cruelty and evilness. Here at the Flood, however, YHVH became ‘saddened’ and ‘regretted’ making Adam. SHE did not overturn Noah’s generation by fire, like in Sodom, but rather ‘allowed’ ELoKIM–the Prosecutor—to go forth with His accusations and harsh verdict.

ELoKiM response

Let’s examine now ELoKIM’s reaction to Noah’s generation.

1: ELoKIM judges by our deeds

Note that ELoKIM judges humankind by our deeds rather than by our hearts, as it says:
“And the Earth corrupted before ELoKiM, and the Earth filled with hamas, and ELoKiM saw the Earth and behold, it was corrupt; for all flesh corrupted its way on Earth.”
Here ‘corrupted’ refers to the worst kinds of ADULTERY, and SEXUAL PROMISCUITY, while ‘hamas’ refers to a mixture of BLOODHSED, THEFT and INJUSTICE. So ELoKIM was enraged by the rampant violation of His Laws.

2: Measure for measure

While Man corrupted the Earth, ELoKiM says to Noah: “and I shall corrupt the Earth from them.” In Hebrew, the word for ‘corrupt’, nishchat, serves to note ‘moral decay.’ At the same time, it can also mean ‘destroy.’ Hence ELoKiM pays humanity “measure for measure”, with Absolute Justice.

The Protocol (order of the speakers)

Note that YHVH speaks first and only then does ELoKIM speak. That Heavenly Court’s ‘protocol’ repeats itself in every Covenant with Man, or with every important decision about Man’s fate.

1. Look at the ‘protocol’ of the Rainbow Covenant with Noah, after the Flood. Who speaks first and who follows?
2. Look at the Circumcision Covenant with Abraham. Who speaks first and who follows?
3. Look at the Sinai Covenant with Israel. What is the order of the Heavenly speakers?

Thus YHVH always speaks first about our heart, while ELoKiM speaks second about the Covenant Laws.

The Heavenly Court Supporting Noah

Let’s examine the brown part, which is the description how Noah was seen by each of the Attributes.
The first line describes the interaction between YHVH and Noah, saying that “Noah found face in YHVH’s eyes.” The verse doesn’t elaborate, but we might guess what Noah did to gain YHVH favor. Noah must have been kind to animals and plants, and was merciful, compassionate and forgiving. Otherwise, he wouldn’t be found so favorable in YHVH’s eyes.

The third line in the brown section describes the interaction between Noah and ELoKiM.
“With ELoKiM Noah walked.” Noah kept all of ELoKiM’s Commandments. He walked in ELoKIM’s Laws.

What about the middle line?
It counts two features of Noah: Noah was ‘righteous’, and ‘innocent,’ or ‘complete,’ tamim. The term ‘righteous’ fits ELoKiM’s eyes, whereas ‘innocent’ fits the Merciful YHVH’s eyes. (Psalms 101) Thus the middle line describes Noah in YHVH-ELoKiM’s eyes.

His three sons were righteous, but only in ELoKIM’s eyes. They did not connect well to the Merciful YHVH.

Let’s put this in colors:

“For I regret
Making them.”

“And Noah found face in the eyes of YHVH.

These are the histories of Noah, Noah was a complete, righteous man in his generations,

With ELoHiM Noah walked, and NoahBegot three sons, Shem ham and Yafet,”

And the Earth
Corrupted before ELoKiM, and the 

Here you see in color how each Attribute supported Noah from His/Her side. The middle line (remaining brown) depicts Noah living under their ONENESS.

Thus Noah came from Enosh, and was trained to ‘call YHVH.’ Yet, he ‘walked with EloKIM’ too, observing ONENESS.
Noah corrected Enosh errors.
The ‘Children of Noah’ correct the errors of the ‘Children of Enosh.’

The text goes on to show how the Ark was supported by the two Attributes throughout the Flood:
YHVH closed the Ark’s door for him, and protected him and his family,
While the wrath of ELoKiM raged outside.


Note that in Genesis Chapter two (The Story of Eden) the Attributes YHVH EloKiM are depicted Side by Side (The only time in the entire Torah). At that time Adam was made from the dirt of the ground and the Attributes blew HIS spirit (in ONENESS) into Adam nostrils.

But here, before the Flood, the Attributes ‘fly’ Side by Side, with Noah in between their Wings.
Hence, in that sense, Noah is greater than Adam. Noah is the one who would keep the Attribute’s ONENESS forever. THIS IS WHAT NOAHIDE MOVEMENT IS ALL ABOUT.

We are all humbled seeing the heavenly ‘butterfly’ hovering over Earth, supporting Noah by their Wings. This picture depicts better than any preacher or scholar what Noah stands for.

Any BN can say, ‘It is me flying there; it is me who is supported by the two Attributes.’ ‘it is I who is supported throughout my life by the Attribute’s Wings.’ Any BN can also proudly say, ‘It is I who keep the Attributes together.” The Attributes give us support, but we too support them. There is a give and take relationship here, with no shame from the side of the reciever. We recieve, but we also give. Who else can unite the Attributes in this world?

And a BN also says: it is I who must find face in YHVH eyes; and it is I who is called upon to walk in ELoKiM Laws.’