© 2017 by Rabbi Zvi Aviner
IDOLATRY-8/ELoHiM/What does Moses Say about Adam Creation?
Know your CREATOR, know yourself and know the difference
We’ve found Moses’ account of CREATION credible, compatible with our scientific knowledge. Can we say the same regarding the creation of Adam? Is Moses account about Adam, compatible with our modern scientific knowledge?
The question is important, since if Moses’ account of Adam creation is credible, so must be his words about the purpose of Adam creation: Our Trial.
For according to Moses, Adam was created by the JUDGE ELKM, like all other creatures before him. And like them, Adam too was made to withstand a trial. So according to Moses, what is our trial? Why was Adam created?
1: The Scientific Narrative about Man’s Evolution
The History Chanel (HC) summarizes for us the modern scientific narrative about the appearance of Adam on Earth.
Science says that Man appeared on Earth gradually, over millions years.
Man evolved through many pre-historic ape-like creatures such as Homo Erectus, Homo Neanderthal and finally Homo Sapience,“Wise Man,” us.
In the fourteen Billion years of the Universe’ existence, Man occupies a tiny segment at the end.
What separates us from other creatures, Science says, is our brain: our logical thinking. Hence the term: Homo Sapience. Our brain gives us an abstract thinking, imagination, fascination and the ability to conceive and produce art and technology. It gives us our language.
Science also sees a straight line between Cave Man and Modern Man. We are still Homo Sapience, though more experienced. We differ from our ancestors only by our accumulated knowledge and technology.
Science says that Man’s appearance was promoted by a huge catastrophe that hit Planet Earth about 200 million years ago. A large meteor hit our glob, or a huge natural gas explosion occurred that wiped out the giant pre-Historical Beasts that once ruled Earth; among them the Dinosaurs. This catastrophe gave a room for the relatively small mammals to proliferate and evolve into Apes, then Man.
After the great catastrophe, science says, a race took place between ‘social creatures’ like ants and spiders, to evolve an intelligent society. It is as if the Universe ‘demands’ the existence of an intelligent mind in it, capable of revealing it’s mysteries. By chance, the environment changed in our favor, allowing Man to proliferate and rule Earth. We are simply the first species in the race to develop intelligence. Given more time, other creatures can follow suit. Give the spiders several more millions years and they too would have theircomputers, I Phones and Space Ships.
Biologists also see the fingerprints of the entire evolution repeated in the developing human embryo inside the uterus. We all evolve from a single cell into a multiple organ human, passing through stages that resemble Fish, Bird, and so on. (“Onto-genesis repeats Philo-genesis.”)
Now what does Moses says about Adam’s creation?
MOSES’ ACCOUNT OF CREATING ADAM
Moses Sys that Adam was born on a particular Day, at a particular time in the Day, to stand a particular trial.
1: The text of creating Adam
THE SIXTH DAY IS DAWNED
”And ELKIM said Let the Earth bring forth living creatures to their kinds
Cattle, Creeping things and Beasts of the Earth to their kinds, and it was so
And ELKM saw that it was good.
“And ELKM said: Let Us Make an Adam in our Form and Our Image.
“And they will have dominion over the Fish…over the Birds…over the Cattle… over the entire Earth…
And ELKM created The Adam in His Image, in the Image of ELKM He created him
male and female He created them. And ELKM blessed them and said to them
Be fruitful and multiply, filled the Earth and conquer it,
and rule over the Fish…Birds…and all the Beasts…
THE SIXTH DAY FINAL JUDGMENT
And ELoKiM saw everything that He had done
And behold, it was Very Good
And there was evening, and there was morning, the SIXTH DAY.” (was over)
……………………(THE SABBATH BEGINS)………………………..
“The Heavens and the Earth were FINISHED
And ELoKiM FINISHED all the Work that He has done,
And He ABSTAINED on the SEVENTH DAY from all the work that He had done
And ELoKiM blessed the Seventh Day and He sanctified it….
For in it He ABSTAINED from all His work that ELKM had created, to do.” (Genesis 1-31; 2 1-3)
Let’s discuss Moses’ account of Adam creation.
2: The Midday Trial Before Creating Adam
As you see, ELKM’s Name appears 6 times in the Sixth Day, then 3 more in the Sabbath’s section.
These six are part of the total 32 times ELKM’s Name appears in the entire Six Days.
Let’s remember that every time ELKM’s Name appears in the text, a trial is conducted. After all, ELKM is the ALMIGHTY JUDGE, who created the World for Judgment. Each Day, sometimes twice a Day, the Builder-ELKM assessed the passing Day whether or not it was good.
A’ good’ verdict allowed the Day or the creatures in that Day to continue thriving and enter the next Day.
A ‘not good’ verdict meant that the creature, or the Day, could not support the next Day and therefore had to be eliminated.
When the Sixth Day dawned, Moses says, ELKM continued to create like in any previous Day. He created Cattle, than Beast which feed on the Cattle, than Crawling creatures that feed on anything else.
But then, Moses says, in the middle of the Sixth Day, while the Sun was still up, ELKM paused and passed an unexpected Judgment on the creatures He had created earlier ON THAHT DAY.
This Midday Trial had happened only once before, on the THIRD Day. ELKM then paused while the Sun was up, and passed a Judgment on anything he had done before ON THAT DAY. The Earth stood on a crossroad: would it see life on it, or not? (The details of this important midday trial are given in Genesis chapter 2 in the story of Eden, as we’ll learn in due course.) Luckily for us, ELKM said that it was good, and He seeded life on Earth.
So again, in the Middle of the Sixth Day, ELKM paused again and passed a judgment on everything he had done earlier on that Day. Like on the THIRD Day, the Earth stood again on a crossroad: Would it see Adam on it, or not?
And as it was on the THIRD Day, ELKM said that it was good. This means that those unfortunate creatures, which He deemed ‘not good’ anymore, were eliminated right then and there with no MERCY (see our previous class.) ELKM’s Judgment is harsh yet truthful: He gives life, and He takes life away.
Thus according to Moses, ELKM passed a Judgment on the pre-historical creatures that preceded Adam. Moses does not elaborate, but we can fill the gap by our scientific knowledge. We know that about 200 million years ago a huge catastrophe hit our Planet and wiped out the large pre-historic creatures which had ruled Earth. Only creatures that could adapt to the new environment survived, while those which could not were eliminated. This catastrophe allowed Man to grow and proliferate. Moses’ Midday Trial of the Sixth Day concurs with that catastrophe.
3: Man’s Many Species
Moreover, since a Day of CREATION lasted about 2.1 Billion years, on the average, the length of time that Adam, and the pre-human apes, has been living on Earth can well be a few hundred thousand years, compatible with Science.
Moreover, before making Adam ELKM said “Let us make an Adam,” implying that MAKING ADAM IS A PROCESS. It started after the Midday Trail with the wiping of the Dinosaurs, and it is still going on today, as we’ll soon learn.
So gain, Moses’ account on Adam’s creation CAN be matched with our scientific knowledge, something you can’t do with any of the ancient myth of his time.
4: Adam as the Summary of the Six Days
Moreover, Moses tells us HOW the JUDGE ELKM created Adam. The verse says:
“Let Us…” the verse does not sound a Command. Earlier ELKM said Let is be Light, and Light was there. He said let the Luminaries hang in the sky, and they were. He issued Orders, and they were fulfilled.
But before making Adam, ELKM changed His tone. “Let Us…” He CONSULTED someone(s) and made Adam.
With whom did ELKM consult? Who is greater or wiser than Him? From whom did He ask permission to create Adam?
We’ll see that all these options are true at the same time. Before making Adam, ELKM did consult with someone(s) and also “asked” someone to join Him in the making of Adam!
In fact, the verse leaves all the options valid. According to the rabbis, ELKM talked to anyone who was listening, or anyone who is mentioned in the Chapter, either before or after creating Adam. Time frame and time restrictions do not apply to ELKM, after all.
So the MIdrash (Talmud) says that first of all, ELKM turned ‘backwards’ into Chapter One and consulted the Six Days of CREATION mentioned before Adam.
To each Day He said: “Let Us make an Adam in Our Form and Our Image.” Thus,
He turned to the FIRST Day, to the Light, Matter, Chaos, Space, Gases and Water mentioned there and consulted them THE WAY A BUILDER CONSULTES HIS MASTER PALN, AND MADE A LAYER IN ADAM accordingly. This way Adam is made of stuff that stars are made of.
He then turned to the SECOND Day saying: “Let Us Make an Adam in Our Form and Our Image.” He consulted the “water above” and “water below”, LIKE A BUILDER CONSULTING HIS MASTER PLAN, AND MADE ANOTHER LAYER IN ADAM accordingly. No wonder our body consists of 80% water.
Turning to the THIRD Day, ELKM said: “Let Us Make and Adam in Our Form and Our Image.” He consulted the Vegetation like a BUILDER CONSULTING HIS MASTER PALN, AND MADE ANOTHER LAYER IN ADAM.
No wonder our blood vessels brunch like a tree.
No wonder our eyes use photosynthesis for our vision.
Turning to the FOURTH Day ELKM said “Let Us Make and Adam in Our Form and Our Image”. He consulted the Luminaries, the Seasons on Earth, LIKE A BUILDER CONSULTING HIS MASTER PALN, AND MADE ANOTHER LAYER IN ADAM.No wonder we harbor a biological clock in our system.
Turning to the FIFTH Day ELKM said: “Let Us Make and Adam in Our Form and Our Image.” He then consulted the Fish, Birds and Crocodiles, LIKE A BUILDER CONSULTING HIS MASTER PLAN, AND MADE ANOTHER LAYER IN ADAM. You can see that in the evolving human embryo in the uterus.
Turning to the SIXTH Day ELKM said: “Let Us Make an Adam in Our Form and Our Image.” He consulted the Cattle, Beasts and Crawling creatures LIKE A BUILDER CONSULTING HIS MASTER PLAN, AND MADE ADAM ACCORDINGLY.
Thus Moses concurs with Science that Adam is the last stage in a long evolution, which can be seen in the developing human embryo.
Who told that to Moses, 3500 years ago?
Now, with who else did ELKM consult at our creation?
5: ELKM Consulted His Wisdom and Science and Made Adam
Moreover, ELKM turned also into the Wisdom and Science by which He had created the Universe, and said “Let us Make an Adam in Our Form and Our Image.”
Like a BUILDER CONSULTING HIS MASTER PALN, ELKM consulted His Wisdom and made ADAM’S MIND accordingly.
A clue for that lies in the Hebrew term for “The Beginning,” Be-reshit. It can easily read “Be-rosh,” head, meaning “at the head of time.” In English too you would say “at the head of the events” referring to the Beginning.
Hence ELKM, standing on the Sixth Day, turned to “the Beginning” or to “the head of the events,” or to His Head, His Wisdom in His Head, and consulted it to make Adam.
No wonder that Adam’s mind can decipher all the mysteries of the Universe. There is nothing in the world that could evade Adam’s searching mind.
Moses’ concurs with Science about Adam saying:
(1) There was a decisive Midday Trial before the advent of Adam on Earth, where all the pre-historic giant creatures vanished or had to adapt, to enter the rest of our Day and live by our side
(2) Adam is the culmination of everything created before. We can see this in the way a human embryo develops in the uterus
(3) Adam is blessed by a wise mind that can decipher all the mysteries of the Universe. Adam is indeed a Homo Sapience, a Wise Man.
But Moses adds something that science does not, and can’t say: that Adam was created by the JUDGE ELKM to stand a trial.
What is Adam’s trial?