IDOLATRY- 4/ELoKiM/ What Constitutes Good in ELoKiM’s Eyes?


© 2017 by Rabbi Zvi Aviner


IDOLATRY-4: What Constitutes ‘Good’ in ELoKiM’s Eyes?

Know your CREATOR, know yourself and know the difference

In our quest to study IDOLATRY , we follow Moses’ First of the Ten Commandment (I Am YHVH ELKM Who Took you out of Egypt Land.)  Last class we started with the concept of ELKM, the All Mighty JUDGE who created the world for JUDGMENT.   This is what ELKM does, by definition: He creates for Judgment.

Last class we also noticed that ELKM’s capacity as a JUDGE is shown by the fact that at the end of each Day of CREATION, He examined the passing Day and judged it to be “good.”  Hence the Torah  depicts Him as a CREATOR and a JUDGE. 

In fact He is depicted as a Builder of  a Six Floor Building- our world- who at the end of each Floor He checks to see whether or not it was ‘good.’   Only on the 2nd Day He skipped that Judgment whereas on the 3rd and 6th Days He judged the Day twice: at its ‘middle’ and at its ‘end.’  

Now a Judgment carries the options of ;good’ or ‘not good’ in the JUDGE’S eyes. If the Judgment of the Day is good, the Builder would allow it to survive and support another Floor on top.  If the Builder finds the Floor “not good” in His eyes, He would terminate it and build it again.  Let’s  recall that ELKM follows the Absolute Justice with no Mercy. He gives life and He takes life away with Absolute Justice.  Finding a Floor to be not good anymore would be followed by terminating it with no Mercy.

 What then constitutes ‘good’ or ‘not good’  in the Builder’s eyes? This question is important for us since we too are involved in ELKM’s Judgment.


1: What is ‘good’ in ELoKiM’s eyes?

Whaht then o when Moses says that “ELKM saw that it was good,” what exactly did he mean? What constitiutes good or not good in His eyes?

The answer depends on the meaning of the word good,’ tov’ in Hebrew.  Tradition offers several options, all important for the notion of OUR trial.

1. ‘Good’ meana just ‘feeling good,’  He was ‘pleased’. Hence the Kabbalitic notion that the initial impetus for CREATION was the CREATOR’S Desire to ‘feel good,’ nachat ruach, about His CREATION. We too are born to make Him ‘feel good’ about us.

2: ‘Good’ also means ‘compliant.’   it fiits the notion of ELKM as a Dicator who has created things by His words.  He dictated  “let it be” and thing happened, comlying with His Comand.  Later on we’ll expand ths notion of His Kingship.

Kabalah noticed that the trees were exceptional, they did not comply in full.  ELKM told them to bring forth fruit, yet they also developed a skin, a coat, Kelipa in Hebrew.   Hence the notion of the Keliupa as a source fo rall rebeliion against ELKM. . .

3. ‘Good’also  means  “the winner of the trial.’  The entity that He examined won the trial.  Good therefore is a VERDICT. . ’

4: ‘Good,’   also means  viable, durable, healthy. Thus  Moses’ mother saw that her newborn baby was “good,” viable, healthy, therefore she placed him in the basket and let the basked float in the Nile (Exodus 2: 2.)

5: ‘Good’ can also mean ‘strong’.  Thus the Builder ELKM deemed a Floor ‘good’ if it was ‘strong’ enough to support another Day on top. This notion explains the order of the Days of CREATION.  Thus

Light, Energy and Water of the First Day were deemed ‘good’ in ELoKiM’s eyes, since they  support the waters of the  next, Second Day.
The Dry Land of the Third Day was ‘good’ since it supported the Vegetation and Animals  that followed.
The Luminaries of the Fourth Day were good, since they supported the appearance of seasons, then the fish of the Fifth Day
The Fish of the Fifth Day were ‘good’ since they supported the Birds that followed next
The Birds were ‘good’ since they supported the Crocodiles that feed on them.
The Cattle were ‘good’ since they supported the Beasts that feed on them
Cattle and Beasts and Crawling creatures were good since they somehow support the birth of Adam.

Note that Man too is deemed good if we support the next Day, the Seventh.

6: ‘Good’ can also mean ‘fit the Master Plan.’ This comes from the notion that ELKM is a BUILDER who follows a Master PLAN in BUILDING CREATION. .

7: ‘Good’ also means ‘beautiful.’ The world is a beutiful piece of art nand the CREATOR is an artist (this was Abraham’s first conception of G-d). .  ,

8: Good also means a verdict of approval, like “go ahead’ with CREATION.



2: Each creature’s trial depends on its position in the LADDER  of CREATION

Since a Day is good if it supports another Day on top, the creatures too are good if they support others on top of them. Hence the trial of every creature depends on its position on the’ Ladder’ of CREATION.

 It infers that since Adam is made at the junction between the Sixth and the Seventh Day, Adam is good if he supports the  Seventh, the so caled “Eternal Sabbath.”

Now let’s ask: is Moses’ stroy of CREATION true? Does it match what we know from science?

Select the best answer
(1) ELoKiM said at the end of the second Day ‘that it was good’ (a) true (b) false (c) He said that Adam was good (d) He said that the Day wasn’t good

(2) Usually ELoKiM passed His judgment (a) at the middle of the Day (b) at the end of the Day (c) At Midnight (d) At Dawn

(3) Being good in ELoKiM’s eyes means (a) He was pleased (b) being viable (c) being strong to support another Day (d) all the above

(4) Light of the First Day was ‘good’ because (a) ELoKiM did not wish to sit in darkness (b) light supports grass, shrubs, and trees (c) light supports the Beginning (d) Light came before ELoKiM

(5) ELoKiM will Judge Man at the end of (a) the First Day (b) the Third day (c) the Sixth Day (d) the Sabbath

(6) ELoKiM deemed a Day as ‘good’ if (a) the Day fits His Master Plan (b) the creatures in it comply with His Laws (c) the creatures in it gave Him a Good Feeling (d) all the above

(7) If a creature is deemed not good, it would be (a) given another chance by Mercy (b) it would be forgiven and allowed to enter the next Day (c) it would be eliminated (d) it would survive despite of ELoHiM’s wrath

(8) Adam needs to be (a) good (b) neutral (c) slightly good (d) very good

(9) ELoKiM, the Builder of a Six Floor Building (a) judges every floor (b) didn’t leave a Floors unchecked (c) wants every Floor to support another on top (d) all the above

(10) if Adam is deemed good, would this be (a) enough to survive (b) enough to excel (c) enough to see the next Day (d) not enough to survive ELoKiM’s harsh scrutiny



Read also: “Genesis Vs. Science, Can They Match?” By Zvi Aviner, at