IDOLATRY- 5/ELoKiM/ What Constitutes Good in ELoKiM’s Eyes?


© 2020 by Rabbi Zvi Aviner


IDOLATRY-4/ELKM/What Constitutes ‘Good’ in His Eyes?

Know your CREATOR, know yourself and know the difference



The story of CREATION begins by saying “At the Beginning, ELKM created the Heavens and Earth.”  The CREATOR set on the Throne of Judgment while creating the Six Days.  Every Day He judged the passing Day to see whether it was” good” or “not good” in Hus eyes.  The Days He deemed good were allowed to stay and carry another Day on top.  The Days or the creatures He deemed “Not Good” He eliminated with no Mercy.

Since we humans still live under ELHM’s harsh scrutiny, what constitutes Good in His eyes? The answer would affect us too.

  1: What Constitute ‘Good’ in ELoKiM’S eyes?

 The answer depends on the meaning of the term good,’ tov’ in Hebrew.   There are therefore several answers- all true at the same time. .

1. ‘Good’ means  ‘feeling good,’   it refers to His Emotions”.  of course, God – ELKM- is not a human and has no human emotions, yet the Torah quite frequently uses human terms as an illustration.  One meaning of the term ‘good’ refers to His “feeling,” that He was ‘pleased with the passing Day.

From here comes the major principle of Kabbalah saying that we are here to Please God.  In fact the first, most primordial  impetus for CREATION was the CREATOR’S Desire to ‘feel good,’ nachat ruach, about His CREATION.

2: ‘Good’  means ‘compliant.’   ELKM ruled the world during the Six Days as a tyrant who created with no objection or rebellion.  All creatures complied with His Command.

The trees, however, were the exception.  ELKM had told them to bring forth fruit, yet they also developed a skin, a coat, kelipa in Hebrew.    Yet He allowed the kelipa to survive.  From that kelipa stemmed our ability to reject God’s Commands.  The Kelipa allows us to have a Free Will.  It was an important step in setting up our trial and judgment. . .

3. ‘Good’ means  “winning the trial.’   A passing Day was deemed ‘good’ when it won its trial. Here good is a VERDICT. . ’

4: ‘Good,’   means  viable, durable, healthy.   For instance, the Daughter of Pharaoh  saw the baby Moses in the ark “that he was good” meaning healthy, viable, enduring.  (Exodus 2: 2.) In the context of CREATION, when ELKM deemed a Day as good, He meant that the Day  was strong enough to carry another Day on top.  The Third Day, for instance,was good because the Builder saw that it could support the next, Fourth Day.   Thus

 The Light, Energy and Water of the First Day were deemed ‘good’ in ELoKiM’s eyes, since they  support the accumulation of waters on Earth during the  next, Second Day.
The Dry Land of the Third Day seemed ‘good’ since it could support the Vegetation on top of it.
The Luminaries of the Fourth Day were good, since they could support the seasons.
The Fish of the Fifth Day were ‘good’ since they could serve the Birds that followed
The Birds were ‘good’ since they could support the Crocodiles that came next

The Cattle were ‘good’ since they could  support the Beasts that followed

The Cattle, Beasts and Crawling creatures were ‘good’ since they could support Adam.

Hence Adam would be deemed ‘good’ in ELHM’s eyes  if we support the next Day of CREATION, namely the Seventh.

5: ‘Good’  means ‘fitting the Master Plan.’  In the eyes of the BUILDER, a Day or a creature is deemed good if and only it fit the Master Plan of the Building.

6: ‘Good’ means approval “to go ahead’ with CREATION.

7.  ‘Good’ in His eyes means


2: A creature’s trial depends on its position on the Ladder of CREATION

We’ve seen that the Waters of the First Day were good since they could support the accumulation ofo Waters on the surface of Earth on the next, Second Day.

Each creature’s trial depends on its position on the Ladder of the Six Days.  This is important for us, humans.   We are born on the Sixth Day as CREATION is moving towards the Sabbath.  Our trial therefore depends on our ability to sustain that transition of the Sixth Day to the Sabbath

Now let’s ask, since ELKM stands for the absolute Truth, is the story of creation truthful?  


Read also: “Genesis Vs. Science, Can They Match?” By Zvi Aviner, at