IDOLATRY- 6/ELOKIM/How Long was a Day of CREATION?


© 2017 by Rabbi Zvi Aviner

IDOLATRY-6: How Long was one Day of CREATION?

Know your CREATOR, know yourself and know the difference

Last class we .


Last class we compared Moses’ account of CREATION to the myths told in his time.  Moses’ story lacks any sexual perversion, any violence and rivalry and power struggle.  Unlike the ancient myths Moses describes an order in CREATION: some creatures were created first while others followed.  Pharaoh and his wise men had no clue about such an order in creation. Moses’ story is dry and factual.  One can’t parade in the streets chanting hymns to his  story.

Today we ask: Dose Moses’ story match our scientific narrative about the history of the Universe?


1: How old is  Creation?

Science says that the Universe is 13.7 Billion years old.   what does Moses say?

On the surface, Moses is saying that the world is only 5779 years old.  For the biblical fundamentalists, this number is accurate. A Day of CREATION in Moses’ story is no different than our days.  According to the fundamentalists the difference between Science and the Bible is irreconcilable.

Yet the Kabalistic scholars of  the 13th century AD (rabbi Hayim  Abulafia, Italy) calculated the age of the Universe form two sources.  One is Psalm 90 written by Moses that says  “For our thousand years are like one day in your eyes.”  From this verse the Kabbalists derived that
(1) A year in the ‘CREATOR’ eye equals 350,000 of Man’s years (350×1000)
(2) Another  kabalistic source says that ‘6000 years of the CREATOR’ make ‘One Day of CREATION,’

Hence  ONE Day of CREATION equals 6000×350,000=2.1 Billion human years.  
And six Days OF CREATION equal 2.1×6=12.6 Billion human years,

Surprisingly Rabbi Abulafiai’s calculation comes close to our science’ account .

The Torah text itself suggests that a Day of CREATION is an era, a stage in the history of the World.

For instance: At the end of the First Day it says:

“And ELoKiM saw that it is good, and it was evening and it was morning, ONE DAY”(was over.)

We may observe that
(1) The first Day is called a Day, while the Sun and the Moon would appear regularly much later, on the Fourth Day!
(2) The First Day is called  ‘ONE Day’ instead of ‘Day One’ to  define for us the length of ‘One Day’ of CREATION. It is the  time it took to advance the Universe from the ‘Beginning’ to have in it “Chaos, Matter, Abyss, Light and Water” mentioned in the verse.
This might have taken 2.1 Billion human years, or more,  as the Kabalists have said. (Not every Day was necessarily the same length.)

Thus, a Day of CREATION is an era, a phase in the World’s history.
On the average, it lasted 2.1 billion human years. It was certainly NOT our one day.

So far we see that Moses CAN be matched with Science, something you can’t say about any of the myths told in his time.

Now can we  match the rest of Moses’ story with science?


Select the best answer
(1) Science says that the world exists (a) 5000 years (b) 2.1 Billion years (c) One CREATOR’S year (d) about 14 billion years

(2) Kabala says that the length of the Universe’ life is (a) a Day (b) six human days (c) about 14 billion years (d) 5000 human years

(3) For calculating the Universe’ life, Kabala uses (a) ancient telescopes (b) Alien ship’s telescope (c) Jesus’ rob in Trier (d) Psalm song

(4) According to Moses’ Psalm, one Day of the CREATOR equals (a) 5000 human days (b) 14 billion human years (c) 350,000 human years (d) infinite number of years

(5) At the end of the First Day it is said that it was (a) First Day (b) Day One (c) One Day (d) a bad day

(6) At the end of the Second Day it is said that it was Two Days (a) Day two (b) (c) One Day (d) not a good day

(7) The Sun and the Moon were created (a) at the Beginning (b) at the end of Day One (c) at the end of Day two (d) on the Fourth Day

(8) A Day of CREATION is (a) same as our day (b) an era (c) equals to the CREATOR’S ONE Day (d) 14 billion human years

(9) Ancient myths (a) concur with Moses that the Universe was created 14 billion years ago (b) concur with Moses that the Universe was created in six stages (c) concur with Moses that the god Nun created the world from the testicles of her dead son (d) do not concur with Moses’ account in any form and shape

(10) the Kabalistic tradition we have today was written down (a) at least a thousand years ago (b) just recently (c) by ancient Egyptians (d) by monks reading the Dead Sea Scrolls



Read also: “Genesis Vs. Science, Can They Match?” By Zvi Aviner, at