Copy Right 2022
Rabbi Dr Zvi Aviner
IDOLATRY-17/Kingship of G-d, or of Idols?
When dealing with IDOLATRY, the concept of
G-d’s Kingship is essential.
Either we accept G-d as our KING, or accept the idols.
You can see that battle of choices in Moses’ Ten Commandments
where it says:
First of the Ten Commandments
- I Am (Essence)
- YHVH your ELHM (Attributes)
- Who took you out of Egypt Land (Kingship)
Second of the Ten Commandments
- You shall have no other ELHM besides me
- You shall not carve out any image
You shall not bow to them nor serve the
In line 3 of the First Commandment, G-d’s kingship
Is defined as His Deeds or Actions in this world.
in Israel’s case: He is the One Who Took Them Out of Egypt.
You could have said: “Who Has Created the Word.”
Or “Who has brought us bread from the ground.”
But speaking to Israel, the former Egyptian Salves,
Presenting His Kingship as their REDEEMER was
More impressive and meaningful.
Hence when we accept on ourselves G-d’s Kingship
We mean it personally. Yes, G-d is the KING of the Universe,
But it is more meaningful for me to recognize Him
As MY PERSONAL KING who leads my life.
Unlike what many scientists believe,
G-d’s Kingship implies that He is not an aloof CREATOR
that has left CREATION alone to operate like a clock by itself
Kingship means the opposite: that He is interested in the
World, that He leads it in history to the Eternal Sabbath,
that he intermingles with our human affairs.
While it is easy to recognize G-d as a CREATOR,
it is far more difficult to recognize Him as our
personal leader, WHO LISTENS TO OUR PRAYERS.
A choice to make
Our diagram shows Man ‘standing’ between the
two Commandments of Sinai. Man faces a choice.
Man can “look up” to the first Commandment
and accept G-d‘s Kingship
Or “look down” to the Second Commandment
and accept the Idol’s kingship,
Note that in the above diagram, Moses does not leave
a “neutral choice” of accepting no one’s kingship.
Since, according to Moses, Man is born and made
specifically to withstand that choice, that trial of IDOLATRY.
It is either we are attracted to G-d,
Or attracted to the idols
No escape from making the choice.
What are the sorts of G-d’s Kingship?
The First Commandment presents G-d as YHVH, your ELKM.
But in fact, Chapter One in Genesis presents
three types of the CREATOR’s Kingship
- The Kingdom of ELHM alone, during the Six Day
- The Kingdom of YHVH ELHMunder which we currently live
- The Kingdom of YHVHalone, ruling over the Sabbath
During the Six Days, ELKM ruled the world “awesomely alone,”
as a Dictator, giving orders, tolerating no objection, consulting
no one, giving life and taking life away as His Wishes, with no MERCY
Then, before creating Adam, ELKM stepped down from His High Pedestal
and spoke in plural, becoming a King Who Consult.
Among other such consultation to make Adam,
ELKM ‘consulted’ or ‘invited’ YHVH to share with Him the
The Heavenly Court and the rule over the World.
Man was therefore created into the Kingship of YHVH ELKM,
under whom we live, who gave us the Ten Commandments
as a guide to journey towards the Eternal Sabbath
Indeed, as Genesis Chapter One shows, our world is moving
in history to the next Day, the Eternal Sabbath,
where YHVH reigns alone, and where ELKM abstains
from creating and judging.
In other words: The Sabbath is the Kingdom of YHVH, with
unlimited Mercy, Joy, Holiness.
The “Shma Israel”, hear Oh Israel
While the Kingship of ELKM alone is in the past,
And the Kingship of YHVH alone is in the far future,
We live under the Kingship of YHVH our ELKM
Moses expressed that idea by saying to Israel:
- Hear (shma) Israel,
- YHVH, our ELKM,
- YHVH is One.
Line 1 – tells us to pay extreme attention to the ideas that
Line 2 – currently we are under the kingship of YHVH and ELKM
Line 3 – the future Kingship is of YHVH alone
And that YHVH and ELKM are two Attributes of One,
inseparable, undivided, CREATOR
It is imperative to recite the Shma twice a day,
followed by the declaration:
Blessed is His Kingship forever and ever.
The attraction of the various idols is so great,
Their charm and power is so awesome,
Their kingship seems to glorious,
that we must remind ourselves twice a day that
YHVH our ELKM is our personal King,
Whose COMMANDMENTS we accept on OURSELVES.