© 2019 by Rabbi Dr Zvi Aviner

Genesis Vs Evolution

Class 3: The History Channel’s Report Vs Genesis

How did Moses know all that?




Let’s compare Moses’ Genesis with our Scientific knowledge of the History of Earth.   Luckily,  we can use  the History Channel (HC) videos named “How the Earth Was Made ” as a platform for our work. It is a comprehensive account of all we know about Earth from   Archeology, Biology, Geology, Astronomy, Genetics and other branches of modern Science.   It is a good, unbiased  platform because it brags about having no relation  to the Bible.  Its moderator proudly says:  “Whereas In the past we used to think that the world was created  5000 years in one week, now we know the truth from science.”

Thus it is an objective report on the History of Earth as told by Science.  And yet, while watching it, I could not but be amazed  how well it actually matches the story of Genesis.   So here are the two narratives side by side- Moses’ and Science- so that you could judge them by yourself. .

Hopfuly  you can have an access to the HC report by yourself so you could be impressed by the ample evidence presented and by the beautiful animation.  In any case, try to focus on my presentation and use your imgination.





 The Scientific Account of the beginning of the world 

Science of course does not recognize any Day of CREATION.  Here I simply compare successive historical eras as described by Science to the Biblical Days.

Moses says that the world has a Beginning.  Science says that this Beginning took place 13.7 Billion years ago by a Big Bang. The new World the began to expand vastly forming Nebulae, Stars, Planets and Galaxies.  Our Galaxy –  the Milky Way- is 13 Billion  years old, one of the oldest.   As the world began to expand,  Entropy started to decline, Energy and Light were formed then converted to Matter according to Einstein’s formula.  The Original Chaos gradually turned into Order. Primitive molecules such as helium and water were formed, baked in the exploding Novas.

Around 4.5 Billion years ago,  Planet Earth was  consolidated by gravity that kept together meteors.  It first appeared in Space as a Red Planet comprising of melting, steaming lava. The  8000 F temperature was kept high by radioactive decay of Earth’s radioactive elements. (The age 4.5 B years was calculated by measuring the rate of the radioactive decay.)   Earth had neither atmosphere nor life.  It is named at that stage “The Molten Red Planet”

Then, 4.4 Billion years ago, our Red Planet cooled off.  The radioactivity subsided,  allowing a  solid  rocky crust to form on Earth’s surface. This rocky crust would turn crucial  for the next step – supporting  water on  it. .  .


Moses’ account  of the First Day

What  does Moses say about that era?  He uses meager words.  But what it says seems to match the above.  As we’ve already seen, the rabbis have calculated the Age of the Word to be close to 14 Billion years.   Moses also says that GOD (ELKM) created Light, Darkness and the Deep  Abyss that could be Space. Moses specifically mentions  Chaos that turned into  order.  GOD (ELKM) then created Matter and Water .  GOD (ELKM) then saw that it was good, it could support the next  Day on top.   This can fit  the formation of the rocky crust on the surface, which could support the next Day and its Water on top.

Moses of course was talking to his generation that did no have yet the knowledge we have about Earth.  He had to chose his words to be comprehensible  to his generations, and yet to reflect the truth.  We, thousands years later can read his words better and understand their truthfulness.  In fact, I have a feeling that he actually addressed his words directly to us- the first genertion ever who are capable to unlock the mystery of hid words.

The n Moses summarizes the First Day saying “it was evening and it was morning, One Day.”    He does not say Day One, as expected, but rather  One Day, actually defining for us what a Day of  CREATION is – the time it took  CREATION to advance  from the Beginning to have in it  Light, Matter, Water and Earth. It could have taken any number of years.  It could well be the time from the Big Bang till 4.5 Billion years ago.

And  Moses adds thaht at the end of that First Day GOD (ELKM) judged the passing Day and He was pleased, since it met  His Master Plan for the Six Floors BUILDING. .  .  .




The Scientific Account

Remember, Science does not recognizes a Day in CREATION, only eras.  We therefore move on from the first era to the next.

According to the HC, the formation of the solid rocky crust on the Earth’s surface was crucial for the next era.  Since for the  following  300 Million years – from 4.4 to  4.1 Billion years ago – Earth was “bombarded by endless rain” like which t would never see again.  The rain came from the space in a form of frozen comets.   Our Planet entered a domain in our Galaxy full of  watery comets. It took millions of years for Earth to escape that domain so that the rain stopped.  In addition from the rain above, water came out from the Earth below – from the cooling rocks.  In their cooling they spewed CO2 gas and ater and CO2 gas  from below.  After 300 million years of so much water from above and bellow, Earth was covered by endless  Ocean.   It is named The Water World.  Still lacking atmosphere, the ocean  assumed a grayish-green-red color; the red coming from iron in the water.  (this is why iron deposited on Earth are found along ancient shores). The Earth temperature was still too high for any life to exist on it.


  Moses’ Account of the SECOND Day

Amazingly, Moses too says that  as the 2nd Day dawned,  GOD (ELKM)  “separated the Water Above from the Water Bellow.”    No Dry Land existed yet.   No life is mentioned yet.   Can you find a better match between Moses’s Genesis  and Science? Who  then told him such a credible story, 3500 years ago?

Note that unlike the First Day, Moses does not say  here that at the end of the 2nd Day GOD (ELKM) deemed the Day as good.   In the BUILDER’S eyes, conditions on earth were not yet ready for the next step- the seeding of life on ii.  Another crucial step was needed – as we are about to see.




The Scientific Account

The era of the Water World came to an end – the HC says – 4,1 Billion years ago, by a series of volcanic eruptions at the Ocean’s  bed.  A new type of rock, the granite, appeared the first time.  Unlike the older types of rocks, the new  granite could   withstand the erasing thrush of gushing  water. Iit therefore formed the first  islands ever, made of Granite.  The  Dry Land showed up on Earth over the water for the first time.

Then, over  the next 600 million of years – from 4.1 to 3.5 years ago – the Granite Islands  gradually consolidated to form  the first Super Continent- Rodenia.  Still a  lifeless continent, it stretched barren under the Sun “like the Sahara desert. ”  We can now trace its borders by special black, smooth rocks found  along the shores of South Africa,  Australia and other sites on Earth.  What’s so special about these rocks is that They carry absolutly no fossil in them,  not even a trace of  bacteria or any plant.  The scientists see them as the remnants of the first granite Super Continent Rodenia.  Earth is now called the GRANITE PLANET..


 Moses’ account of the THIRD Day

Amazingly, Moses  concurs in full.  he says that as the THIRD Day dawned, GOD (ELKM)  separated the Dry Land from the Ocean.  Moses mentions no life yet, not even Vegetation.  He says that GOD (ELKM) named the  Dry Land   “Continent,”  and the Water He called “Oceans,” in plural. It fits, since the new Continent and its granite islands divided the first Ocean into several Seas.  Only then, Moses says,  GOD (ELKM) judged everything He had created earlier on the THIRD Day and deemed it good. . Earth was ready to support the next phase.


According to Science, what came next?

According to the HC, the Granite Super Continent  Rodenai with its shallow shores was crucial for the net step – seeding life on Earth.  This happened  3.5 Billion years ago, when a coral-like algae called Stromolites showed up  on shallow shores of Rodenia.  Thosee Stromolites are still seen in remote shores, especially in Australia.  The scientists consider them to be the  oldest living creatures on our Planet. “They are our fathers and mothers.”  No one knows from where they came or how.   Since they were already euipped with RNA and other  cellular organelles, they are considered the first living creatures on Earth.  They thrived on shallow shores under  water, exposed to the abundant sunshine . This allowed then to perform their only talent-  photosynthesis, by which  they split the CO2 in the air (that had been released by the cooling rocks) into Carbon and Oxygen. The carbon they took for their colony’s shells and the Oxygen they released into the water then into the air, forming the first Atmosphere.  .    .

For the next 2 Billion years,  from 3.5 to 1.5 Billion years ago, the Stromolites  produced “tons and tons of Oxygen”  as the HC  moderator says – thereby changing the sky into blue.   The Ocean too turned blue, reflecting the color of the sky.  Earth became a  BLUE PLANET.

If you want to build a blue atmosphere on March, plant there Stromolits on shallow beaches, if you find water there. Then wait 2 Billion years.

Then,  1.5 Billion years ago, the  “mother of all Continents,” Rodenia, was seen in its full glory. It was still   barren, lying under Dry Blue Sky with no rain.  The only life existed along its shores, in the form  of Stromolites. Another change was needed to allow life to evolve and spread.

About 0.9 Billion years ago, a series of   volcano eruptions at the Ocean’s bed split  the Super Continent Rodenia into smaller subcontinents.  The increasingly  warm atmosphere and its humidity  promoted the growth of the Stromolites  into  grass , shrubs and  trees in that order. .   The Vegetation Kingdom came on Earth.  It spread  by the water waves and the  wind, since no mobile life yet existed.  The Vegetation also invaded the oceans, a crucial stage for the future.  Some mobile small creatures like sponges could also have developed in the sea at that early stage.   .   .


Moses’ account of the rest of the THIRD Day

Again, Moses seems to concur in full.  After the separation of the Dry Land from the Sea, he says, GOD (ELKM)  seeded  Life on Earth.  The word ’seeded’ is repeated in two verses four times.  GOD (ELKM) planted Seeds, Grass,  Shrubs and Trees – in that order.  Moses  mentions no mobile life yet. Then at the end of the THIRD  Day, GOD (ELKM) passed a judgment and said that it was good, that the Day could support another Day on top, and that it fit His Plan.   And it was evening, and it was morning, Day THREE  was over .

Earth had so far  three Floors. So far we have –

Moses’ Day One………..The Red, melting Planet

Moses’ Day Two………..The Water World– water from above and bellow

Moses’ Day Three…The Granite Planet-dry land and sea

.,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,The Blue Planet– mono cellular life, production of Oxygen, Vegetation





Science: The Ice Age 

Where would mobile life appear first?  The ancient myths in Moses time did not bother by that question.  But Moses, as well as Science, is bothered by it.   Where would the first Mobile Life appear  first and survive?

Let’s see what Science says. About 700 Million years ago (0.7 B) – the HC says- Earth was hit by a devastating, long Ice Age that that lasted 50 Million years (0.7- 0.2 B years ago).   So harsh it was that it decimated the entire Vegetation on Dry Land of the Super Continent.  It left only the Vegetation in the Oceans under the Ice.   Earth looked like a SNOW BALL  traveling in Space.

This could have been the end of Life on Earth, had it not been heralded by a major change in the Earth rotation.  It was somehow stabilized.  The result was that the length of days and nights as well as the annual seasons were fixed the first time ever.   The remaining Vegetation in the water had to adapt to the new environment and develop regular cycles of photosynthesis – active under daylight and dormant at night.    This would prove crucial  for the development of mobile creatures whose nervous system must switch from awakness to sleep.    

Yet no mobile life was formed yet.  This happened only when the long Ice Age came to an end.


What does Moses say about the Fourth Day?

Again,  Moses seems to concur in full with Science.  First , he says, at the end of the THIRD Day , GOD (ELKM) passed a JUDGMENT on everything He had created earlier on that THIRD Day- on the  Vegetation.  The Vegetation He deemed no good anymore He eliminated, since they did not fit His Plan and could not support the next phase. The Vegetation He deemed good He allowed to endure and survive into the next Day.  This Judgment can well fit the Ice Age that decimated Vegetation on the Dry Land but left  intact the Vegetation in the waters. .

Then, Moses says, as  “Day Four”  dawned, GOD (ELKM) ordered the luminaries – the Sun and the Moon –  to be  seen regularly on Earth.  So regularly, that “calendars and seasons would be established” as well as the length of days and nights.  And there was Evening and there was Morning, Day Four was over. .

Can you have a better match between Moses and Science?

So far we have –

Moses Day One………..The Red, melting Planet

Moses Day Two………..The Water World

Moses Day Three …...The Granite Planet, Seeding Life

……………………………….The Blue Planet, Atmosphere

Moses Day Four………The Snow Ball, Stabilization of Earth axis, Seasons, Days and Nights, Sleep and Awakness



The Scientific Account

About 0.65 Billion years ago an intense  volcanic activity at the Ocean bed melted the Ice and warmed up the sea.  Its ashes and nutrients filled the water, promoting the first MOBILE LIFE .  First  warms, then fish to its kinds- small then big.  “The Animals Kingdom arrived on Earth in the water” says the HC.   From 0.65  to 0.4 Billion years ago (span of 250 Million years) mobile life exploded in the oceans. The fish developed the first eyes, ears, teeth.   A  fierce struggle for life waged in the water, compelling the creatures to  develop special decoy and deception.  “Earth would never see again so many weird Fish to its kinds” – says the HC.   Most of the fossils of that period were found in Alaska by the Smithsonian Institute and therefore are called The Cambrian Period, after the site in Alaska.  In contrast to the water, life could not  evolve yet on Dry Land due to the intense Solar UV radiation.

What  does Moses say about the beginning of Day Five? 

As the Fifth Day dawned, GOD (ELKM) said Let there be Fish in the Water.  Then – Moses says – “And GOD (ELKM) blessed them to be fruitful and multiply”.   This fits well the enormous explosion of mobile life in the waters at that time period. Who told this to Moses? No one in his time said anything close to that!

What happened next according to Science?

At first, mobile life was possible only in the waters.  Big Fish evolved,  preying on the smaller ones.  But o.4 Billion years ago, enough Ozone layer developed to  shield also mobile life on  the Dry Land- Amphibians then Birds.

.But here Moses says otherwise- that after creating the Fish to its kinds, GOD (ELKM) created BIRDS to its kinds then the Crocodiles, meaning the Amphibians.

Oops! Is Moses wrong here? Why Birds does he say that first came Birds and only then Crocodiles? And for a while I thought that perhaps Moses is wrong here.  Well, how could he know the entire truth , 3500 years ago without the help of Science?

But then came the Discovery Chanel and saved my confidence in Moses,  New discoveries show that when the Moon’s  rotation around Earth was established, constant tides threw some Fish over the shores.  Several million years later these Fish on Shores developed Wings to fly back onto the water and catch other Fish.   Thus Birds came to the world after  the Fish, exactly as Moses says.   Then, several million years later, some Fish On Shores  learned to crawl into the Dry Land and evade the Birds.  They  evolved into Amphibians and Crocodiles, exactly as Moses says.

The result of the above was that 0.4 to 0.3 B years ago the swamps on the Continents were full of amphibians, insects,  birds and fierce Crocodiles.  The scene was similar to the swamps seen today in the Southern states  of the USA (The Carboniferous and the Ordovician Periods .)  Earth is called at that stage  The Green Planet due to the abundant  Vegetation in the swamps. .

The end of the era according to Science 

 The abundance of life on Earth seemed to have come to its end 0.25 Billion years ago, when  a series of fiery explosions erupted all over the Planet decimating 90% of the Earth’s  inhabitants. “Earth would never see again such a devastation” – says the HC .   The cause is not known for sure.  some say that gases came out from the ground and exploded.  Other blame volcanic eruptions.   One thing is sure- as devastating the event was,  it promoted  new and more sophisticated life forms to evolve.

Moses wards

At the end of the Fifth Day, Moses says, GOD (ELKM)  passed a Judgment on the passing Day.  As before, those creatures He deemed “not good anymore,” were eliminated, since they could not support the next phase.  GOD (ELKM) Gives life, and He can take Life away in Absolute Justice with no Mercy.  As a BUILDER and a JUDGE , He may decide that a creature was essential in one Floor yet unfit another Floor.   Then GOD (ELKM) said that it was good, and there was an evening and there was morning , Day Five was over.

Moses uses the terms morning and evening since he wishes to establish our human week.  .  .

In summary we have so far the following stages or Days-

Moses’ Day One………..The Red, melting Planet

Moses’ Day Two………..The Water World- water from above and below

Moses’ Day Three …...The Granite Planet- continent

………….            ……….  .The Blue Planet– cellular life, Oxygen, Vegetation

Moses’ Day Four ..      The Ice Ball– stabilizing Earth’s axis, regular photosynthesis of days and nights

Moses’ Day Five.………The Green Planet– Fish, Birds, Crocodiles, swamps


Science report 

Although the fiery explosions threatened to end Life on earth, yet it  promoted somehow the development of new and more sophisticated creatures. About 0.2 B years ago, the  Super Continent Pangaea was consolidated.  Pangaea was  the classical world of the large  pre historic creatures that roamed the Earth (the Triassic and Jurassic periods).   The constant volcanic activity spewed  so much ashes and nutrients into the air that mobile life continued to evolve – first in the swamps. The Earth’s temperature became tropical.

First came large, Cattle- Like creatures who lived in the swamps.  They consumed the  abundant Vegetation and their fat bodies was supported by the water.  They could not run fast, but soon came Beast-like predators – around 150 Miliions years ago- who could run fast and   prey on the Cattle.   Among them were the Dinosaurs- tall as three stories house. .

The Dinosaurs and their kinds reigned from 200 M years ago till 75 Million years ago.  Their reign ended by a catastrophe that hit our Planet and  decimated all the huge beasts of Pangea. .  This happened either  by another fiery gas explosion or by a large meteor  that plunged into the sea near Mexico.  The toxic ashes and the fumes and the  radioactive radiation that arose killed all the giant creatures of the era.  Again, as devastating as it was, yet it  opened up the door for more new and sophisticated creatures- first Mammals then Man.


What does Moses say about the Sixth  Day?

When the Sixth Day dawned, Moses says, GOD (ELKM) created Cattle-like, Creeping creatures and Beast- like to their kinds.

Then, while the Sixth  Day was still in progress, GOD (ELKM) passed a premature judgment on everything He had created earlier on the  Sixth Day.  Like always, His Judgment was harsh and merciless, but just.  Those creatures He deemed ‘not good anymore’  were eliminated, while those He deemed ‘good’ were allowed to thrive or adapt and enter the rest of the Sixth Day – where they would live side by side with Adam.

This “Midday Judgment of the Sixth Day” CAN be seen to match the  catastrophe that hit Earth wiping out the giant creatures of Pangaea.   Such a matching can’t be done with any of the myths told in Moses time.

An harsh judgmernt it was, yet it opened the door for Adam to come on board.  Again, we stand in awe  realizing how well CAN  Moses’ Genesis be mtached with our Scientific knowledge, .


But what about the Crawling creatures|?

One embarrassing question pops up – Moses says that creeping creatures came on board just before Man.   Oops! | Did Moses err ?  We know from  Science that Creeping creatures appeared well back  in the Evolution!

 The Time Magazine Report

This time, the Time Magazine saved my trust in Moses.  It showed on its front Page a photo of a giant snake’s skeleton that had been only recently discovered.   it was large enough to accommodate “two Gray hand buses side by side in its belly.”   And this was a skeleton of a junior snake…

Amazingly,radioactive  measurement showed that this giant snake lived 75 Million years old –  just after the Meteoric catastrophe hit our Planet. The Time Magazine  explained that after Dinosaurs’ demise  the stage was open for giant snakes to grow free and roam the Earth, devouring everything on their way.   For millions of years these giant snakes ruled Earth.  Some actually lived close to primitive Man; like  “dragons” in the caves.. So Moses was right.  Crawling creatures such as the Serpents did rule Planet Earth before  Man. .

Thus Moses is again found credible in telling us the events of the Sixth Day.  Earth was ruled by Cattle-like, then Beast-like and then by giant Creeping creatures.  Who then told him the story?

So far we have-

Moses’ Day One………..The Red, melting Planet

Moses’ Day Two………..The Water World

Moses’ Day Three ……The Granite Planet

………………………………..The Blue Planet

Moses’ Day Four ………The Ice Ball

Moses’ Day Five……….The Green Planet

Moses’ Day Six…………Current Planet


The Torah is the only living miracle in our hands!

Rather than being  embarrassed by Genesis, as if it is a Bronze Age  myth, we should raise it as a flag for the truthfulness of the Torah (Bible)

Maimonides (the RaMBaM) wrote that Israel has remained faithful to GOD not because of the miracles of the Exodus or of any other miracle.  Every  miracle, he says, can  be challenged by natural explanations. But one miracle we  can’t deny-  the Torah itself.

The more we know  from Science,  the more we appreciate Moses’ words.  No wonder he places the story  at the front.  As a true prophet he could foresee that a generation would rise and doubt the validity of his revelation.  But once this generation would discover the truthfulness of Genesis – by their Science- they would also accept the rest of his revelation- especially about us and our role in this world,

So does Moses also concur  with Science about Man?


Some reflections

On the interplay between the environment and Life

The story of Genesis is built in such a way that changed in the environment always precede the evolution of life forms.  The earth crusted, so that water could stay on it.  The Dry Land than appeared, so that life could appear on the shallow waters of the shores. The Earth axis was stabilized on the 4th Day so that Fish and Birds could come on the next Day.  Changed in the environment are intertwined with changes in the life forms.

One can say that one led to the other.  Life adapted to the new environment and used it ti farther evolve.  But one can say otherwise- that the changes in the environment were a part of the scheme, of the Master Plan.

The Torah in fact holds according to the second opinion- that GOD (ELKM) made the necessary changed in the environment Day by Day to allow Life to evolve.

By this too, Moses concurs with the most modern science.  For the current thinking among many scientists is that the division between  Animal Kingdom, Vegetation Kingdom and the Inanimate Kingdom is artificial.  In fact everything is a part of a large spectrum called Life.

so again, if Moses is so accurate and modern, what does he have to say about us? .