© 2017 by Rabbi Zvi Aviner
IDOLATRY-8/ELoHiM/Moses’ Description of the Creation of Adam
Know your CREATOR, know yourself and know the difference
We’ve found Moses’ account of CREATION credible, compatible with our scientific knowledge. Can we say the same about the creation of Adam? Does Moses concur with Science also about the creation of Man?
The question is important, since obviously, Moses’ goal is to tell us about Adam. He thinks that we have to know not only WHO created us but also HOW and for WHAT PURPOSE. Since we’ve found him so credible about the story of CREATION, we should listen to what he says about Adam, us.
1: The Scientific Narrative about Man’s Evolution
Science says that Man appeared on Earth gradually, over 2 millions years. Man evolved through many pre-historic, ape-like creatures such as Homo Erectus and Homo Neanderthal, before the rise of Homo Sapience, the “Wise Man” us.
In the 14 Billion years of the Universe’ existence, Mankind occupies a tiny segment at the end.
What separates us from the other creatures, Science says, is our brain: our logical and abstract thinking. Hence the term: Homo Sapience. Our brain gives us language, imaginations and fascinations. It gives us the ability to conceive ideas, produce art and science and invent technology.
Science also sees a straight line between Cave Man and Modern Man. We are still Homo Sapience, though more experienced. We differ from our ancestors only by our accumulated knowledge and technology.
Science also says that Man’s appearance was promoted by the huge meteoric catastrophe that hit Planet Earth about 75 million years ago. It wiped out the giant creatures, leaving a room for the relatively small Mammals to proliferate. This brought Man. .
After the great catastrophe, science says, a race began between ‘social creatures’ like ants and spiders, to evolve an intelligent society. It is as if the Universe ‘demands’ the existence of an intelligent mind in it, capable of revealing its mysteries.
By chance, the environment changed in our favor, allowing Man to proliferate and rule Earth. We are simply the first species to win the race. Given more time, other creatures would catch up. .
Biologists also recognize the fingerprints of the entire evolution repeated in every human embryo. We all evolve from a single cell into a multiple organ human, passing through stages that resemble Fish, Bird, and so on (“Onto-genesis repeats Philo-genesis.”)
Now what does Moses says about Adam’s creation?
MOSES’ ACCOUNT OF CREATING ADAM
Moses Says that Adam was born on a particular Day, at a particular time in the Day, to stand a particular trial.
1: The text of creating Adam
THE SIXTH DAY DAWNED
”And ELKIM said Let the Earth bring forth living creatures to their kinds
Cattle, Creeping things and Beasts of the Earth to their kinds, and it was so
And ELKM saw that it was good.
“And ELKM said: Let Us Make an Adam in our Form and Our Image.
“And they will have dominion over the Fish…over the Birds…over the Cattle… over the entire Earth…
And ELKM created The Adam in His Image, in the Image of ELKM He created him
male and female He created them.
And ELKM blessed them and said to them
Be fruitful and multiply, filled the Earth and conquer it,
and rule over the Fish…Birds…and all the Beasts…
THE SIXTH DAY’S FINAL JUDGMENT
And ELoKiM saw everything that He had done
And behold, it was Very Good
And there was evening, and there was morning, the SIXTH DAY” (was over.)
……………………(THE SABBATH BEGINS)………………………..
“And the Heavens and the Earth were FINISHED
And ELoKiM FINISHED all the Work that He has done,
And He ABSTAINED on the SEVENTH DAY from all the work that He had done
And ELoKiM blessed the Seventh Day and He sanctified it….
For in it He ABSTAINED from all His work that ELKM had created, to do.” (Genesis 1-31; 2 1-3)
Let’s discuss Moses’ account of the creation of Adam.
2: Man is created as the last on a ladder
Unlike all the ancient myths of his time, Moses does not present Man’s creation as an outcome of an ugly sexual perversion and rivalry between the gods and their families. Instead, Moses gives a factual account that can be validated by our Science. Adam, Moses says, is the last creature to arrive on Earth, the end product of a long process ( We’ll discuss Chapter two with its story of Eden, in due course.)
By this alone, Moses sets himself apart from all ancient myths. To Pharaoh, in whose “great house” Moses grew up, Man is a product of some mythical story. For Pharaoh, the animals roam the Earth with no order and with no connection to Man. They are here to provide Man a livelihood, or a hunting game, or for other pleasures.
For Moses, Adam is a creature made by ELKM like all other creatures. There is a ladder leading from the Beginning, to Vegetation to Fish, Birds, Crocodiles, Cattle, Beasts, Crawling creatures and to Man, IN THAT ORDER which fits evolution.
3: Midday Judgment .
Moses also concurs with science that Man came to Earth only after a drastic change.
When the Sixth Day dawned, Moses says, ELKM continued to create as before. He created Cattle-like, then Beast-like which feed on the Cattle, then Crawling creatures that once ruled our Planet. We have seen that his words CAN concur with the Super Continent Pantagea and its prehistoric creatures. The last creature to rule earth, we have seen, were the giant Snakes. Moses indeed concurs.
But then, Moses says, at the middle of the Sixth Day, ELKM passed an unexpected Judgment on everything He had created earlier ON THAT DAY. Let’s recall that since a Day lasted Billions years the Midday Trial can correspond to the catastrophe that hit earth 75 M years ago.
Let’s also remember that whenever ELKM’s Name appears in the text, a trial is conducted using Absolute Justice. A trial can have two verdicts: good or bad. .
A ‘not good’ verdict implies that the Day, or its creatures would not be allowed to continue. Since they would not support the rest of the Day, or the next Day, they would be terminated with no MERCY. They finished their role in CREATION. ELKM builds and destroys, gives life and takes life away in Absolute Justice.
A’ good’ verdict implies that the remaining creatures would live on and support the next Day.
A good verdict also implies that ELKM gave the permission for CREATION to introduce new and higher creatures. Thus,
The Good verdict in the middle of the 3rd Day introduced life and Vegetation on Earth.
The Good verdict at the end of the 3rd Day allowed the vegetation to grow in the ocean through the 4th Day.
The Good verdict at the end of the 4th Day introduced mobile life in the ocean and on shore of the next, 5th Day.
The Good verdict at the end of the 5th Day introduced life on Dry land, the Cattle, Beasts and Crawling of the 6th Day.
The Good verdict at the Middle of the 6th Day allowed the Mammals and Man to grow in the rest of that Day.
Thus each’ good’ Verdict introduced a higher, more sophisticated creature into the next phase.
Let’s also recall that a Midday Trial meant that Earth stood on a crucial crossroad.Thus, In the Third Day’s Midday trial after the separation of the Dry Land from the Sea, ELKM passed a crucial Judgment: Would Earth see life on it, or not? ELKM said that it was good, and He seeded life (the Stromolites) on Earth The good verdict gave the Universe the permission to go on and introduce new creatures. . .
Now again, at the Middle of the Sixth Day, Earth stood on a crossroad: Would it see ADAM on it, or not?
As it turns out, the option of NOT bringing Adam on Earth was still in the air, still possible. The Torah would soon tell us on what condition was Adam made?
Moreover, since the new creature is higher than its predecessors, what exactly makes Adam higher?
And a third question: Would there ever be a creature ‘higher’ than Adam?
4: Man’s Many Species
A Day of CREATION, we’ve said, took a long time. When ELKM said, after the Midday Trial, ‘Let Us Make an Adam” He started a PROCESS. He did not say “let it be” but rather “let us do it.” This process could well have taken hundreds of thousand years, passing through several phases. .
By this, Moses’ account CAN be seen to concur with science. .
In Genesis Chapters 2-3, the story of Eden, Man is described as being ‘formed’ from dust. We’ll discuss Eden in due course. Chapter 2 does not negate Chapter One but rather explain a certain stage in Adam creation.
5: Adam as the Summary of the Six Days
Moreover, Moses does not only tell us WHO created us, but also HOW He/she did it.
When the Midday Trial was over, ELKM said: :
“And ELKM said Let us make an Adam in Our Form and Our Image.” (Genesis 1: 26)
“Let Us…” What a a change! In all previous creatures ELKM ordered “Let it be,” whereas before making Adam He announces a Plan.
He also changed His tone.
“Let Us…” It sounds a request. From whom? Who is greater than ELKM?
“Let us…” It sounds a consultation. With whom? Who is wiser than ELKM?
“Let us..” it sounds begging. Who is more powerful than ELKM?
Amazingly, tradition says that all these options are true at the same time. ELKM did request, consult and even begg someone(s) before making Adam.
Adam it therefore very complex. He is made by many layers, many consultations.
With whom did He consult? The rabbis said: With whoever was listening. They meant it literally. ELKM consulted with whoever is mentioned in Chapter One, either before or after creating Adam. Time restriction does not apply to ELKM, after all.
It makes sense. ELKM consulted with items of the past to make Adam, so that he would be the summary of everything created before him. As you see in the developing human embryo. .
And He also consulted items mentioned in the rest of the Chapter, in the future so that Adam would have a sense of direction where to grow and progress in HISTORY. .
6. ELKM Consulted the Six Days
Thus, the Midrash says, ELKM ‘turned to the Six Days and consulted each Day to make Adam. To each Day He said: .
“Let Us make an Adam in Our Form and Our Image.”
He turned to the FIRST Day, to the Light, Matter, Chaos, Space, Gases and Water mentioned there and consulted them the way a BUILDER consults his MASTER PLN, and made a layer in ADAM accordingly. Adam is made of stuff that stars are made of.
He turned to the SECOND Day, consulted the “water above” and “water below,” like a BUILDER consulting his MASTER PLAN and made a layer in in Adam accordingly. No wonder our body consists of 80% water.
Turning to the THIRD Day, He consulted the Vegetation, like a BUILDER consulting his MASTER PLAN, and made another layer in ADAM. No wonder our blood vessels brunch like a tree. No wonder our eyes use photosynthesis for our vision.
Turning to the FOURTH Day ELKM consulted the Luminaries, the Seasons Earth, like a BUILDER consulting his MASTER PLAN, and made another layer in ADAM. No wonder we harbor a biological clock in our system.
Turning to the FIFTH Day ELKM consulted the Fish, Birds and Crocodiles, like a BUILDER consulting his MASTER PLAN, and made another layer in ADAM. You can see that in the evolving human embryo.
Turning to the SIXTH Day ELKM consulted the Cattle, Beasts and Crawling creatures like a BUILDER consulting his MASTER PLAN, and made ADAM accordingly.
Hence, Moses concurs again with Science about Adam. Adam is the last creature, the end product of a long process, the Six Days, as seen in the developing embryo in the uterus.
The question is: who told this to Moses, 3500 years ago?
Now, with whom else did ELKM consult before making Adam ?
7: ELKM Consulted His Wisdom and Science and Made Adam
When ELKM spoke in plural, saying “Let Us Make Adam in Our Form and Our Image,” He consulted whoever was listening, whoever was in the room or mentioned in the Chapter.
So after consulting the Six Days, He also turned to the very Beginning, and consulted the Wisdom and Science by which He had created the Universe (Midrash). ELKM said to it: “Let us make an Adam in Our Form and Our Image.”
Then, like a BUILDER who consults his MASTER PLAN, ELKM consulted His Wisdom and Science and made ADAM’S MIND accordingly.
And ever since then, Adam’s mind is capable of unraveling all the mysteries of the Universe. Nothing in Nature can evade Adam’s searching mind.
A clue for that consultation lies in the Hebrew term for “The Beginning,” Be-reshit. It actually says ‘at the head of the events, ELKM created the Heavens and the Earth.’
Hence ELKM, turned from the Sixth Day, o “the Beginning” or to “the head of the events,” or to “His Head” or to “the Wisdom in His Head, consulted it like a Builder consulting his plan, and made Adam’s mind accordingly.
8: Moses concurs with science about Adam
By this Moses concurs again with Science. Adam is not only a summary of the Six Days, but also a Wise Man, a Homo Sapience.
Now this implies that Adam indeed is a higher, more sophisticated than the creatures made before him. A ‘good’ verdict of ELKM has always IMPROVED CREATION by introducing increasingly higher creatures. Adam fits this notion. He is smarter. By this, Moses concurs with Science. .
But whereas for Science satisfied by describing Adam as a smart Man, for Moses that is not sufficient, since ELKM continued to consult other entities to make Adam. obviously, to Moses ,Adam is more than a Homo Sapience..
With who else did ELKM consult? what was still missing in Adam?
9: ELKM consulted His Self and made Adam’s self
Being smart was not enough to make Adam special. When ELKM said “Let Us,” He established the important notion of Me and You, the INDIVIDUALITY. Other social creatures like ants and bees and spiders may not ave that notion in full.
You can say that ELKM turned to His Self and said: “Let Us make and Adam in Our Form and Our Image.” He then consulted His Self, like a builder consulting a Master Plan, and made Adam’s self accordingly.
Henceforth Adam would have a awesome self awareness and consciousness, free will and a sense of individuality. It is a precious gift, which propels us to leave an impact on our fellowmen, to leave a legacy, something that would help us to progress in history.
By this ELKM also set up the foundation of our trial as individuals.
Here Moses differs from those religions and philosophies that deny the existence of a ‘self’, regarding it as a mere psychological mirage. In Moses ‘ eyes our ‘ self’ and our individuality is a image of the Divine’s Self. . :
Would this self consciousnesses enough to make Adam special? Apparently not, since ELKM continued to consult.
10: ELKM Planted Strong Passions in Adam
What would propel Adam to set up a civilization and progress in history? For that, ELKM turned ‘forwards’ in the text and consulted other items mentioned there and made Adam. Thus it says: :
“And ELKM blessed them saying Be Fruitful and Multiply and Rule Over.. “
Here ELKM blessed Adam with strong Desires to Multiply, Procreate, and Rule Over, wield power. The Blessing means that these Passions are stronger in Adam than they are in other creatures of Nature.
Thus ELKM Looked ‘forwards’ at the Passion to Procreate, and at the Passion to wiled Power, and to each one He said in plural: “Let Us Make and Adam in Our Form and Our Image. ” He then consulted them like a Builder who consults his master plan and made Adam’s heart accordingly. (Anything that He would consult now involves Adam’s heart.)
And ever since then, our Sex Drive and the Drive to Rule Over propel us to create more than any other Drive.
Moreover, these Drives are bound together. They are bound in all creatures of Nature, but they are blessed and stronger in Man. .
As you know, the scholars debate, in Psychiatry, which Drive is stronger: our Sex Drive or our Drive to Wield Power?
Prof Sigmund Freud says: Sex Drive is paramount.
Prof Young says: The Drive for Power is paramount.
Moses agrees that these two Drives propel our lives. But which one is stronger? Now when you have two horses to pull forwards a wagon, one weak and on stronger, which one you’d place up front if not the stronger one? So since the Blessing to Rule Over stands up front in the text, it comes out that Moses thinks it is the stronger, Yes, Prof young wins. .
Would these Blessings be enough to make Adam special? According to science it would. But Moses says that ELKM continued to consult and create Adam with more layers FOR OUR TRIAL. .
What else was still missing in Adam?
END OF IDOLATRY CLASS 8