IDOLATRY- 4/ELoKiM/ What Constitutes Good in ELoKiM’s Eyes?


© 2017 by Rabbi Zvi Aviner


IDOLATRY-4: What is ‘Good’ in ELoKiM’s Eyes?

Know your CREATOR, know yourself and know the difference

The notion of ELKM as  a JUDGE is shown by the fact that He judged each Day of CREATION and said that it was good. Usually He passed that judgment  at  the end of each Day (apart from the 2nd Day) whereas on the 3rd and 6th Days He judged it twice: at its middle and at its end.
You can say that ELKM, like a Builder of a Six Floor House, came at the end of each Floor to check whether or not it was good.   But
Judgment, by definition, entertains the options of both being ‘good’ or ‘not good’ in the JUDGE’S eyes. If the Builder has found the Floor good, He would build another Floor on top. If on the other hand He has found the Floor ‘not good’ He would terminate it and start that Floor all over again.

After all, ELKM is a harsh JUDGE, who follows the Absolute Justice. He gives life and therefore can take it away with no MERCY.
The question is: What constitutes ‘good’ or ‘not good’  in His eyes?
We need to know, since we too are a part of His Judgment.


1: What is ‘good’ in ELoKiM’s eyes?

Tradition gives several answers, all true:

1. ‘Good’ can simply mean ‘feeling good,’ that He was ‘pleased.’ This is the source for the Kabalistic notion that the initial impetus for CREATION was the CREATOR’S Desire to ‘feel good,’ nachat ruach, about His CREATION. Man’s task, therefore, is to make our CREATOR ‘feel good’ about us.

2: ‘Good’ can mean ‘compliant’ with His commands. It is based on the notion that ELKM is not only a CREATOR-BUILDER-JUDGE but also the Law Maker or Law Giver.

For instance: Kabala noticed that the Trees did not fully comply with ELoKiM’s command, since they not only developed fruits as He had commanded but also a coat, kelipah which He had not ordered. Yet He allowed the kelipa to exist. This is the nucleus of rebellion against God.   Hence the name Kelipa for Evil.

3. ‘Good’ means  ‘winner of the trial.’  This refers to ELKM as a JUDGE and to ‘ good’ as a VERDICT. ’

4: ‘Good,’ tov, can also mean ‘viable,’ durable, healthy.

For instance: Moses’ mother saw her newborn baby that “he was good,” viable, healthy, therefore she placed him in the basket and let the basked float in the Nile (Exodus 2: 2.)

5: ‘Good’ can mean ‘strong’. The Builder-ELKM deems a Floor ‘good’ if it could support another Day on top.’ This is why the Builder checked each Floor (besides the 2nd) at the end of the Day.

Thus the Light, Energy and Water of the First Day was deemed ‘good’ in ELoKiM’s eyes, since they complied with His words, pleased Him, were found durable and strong to support the next, Second Day.
The Dry Land of the Third Day was ‘good’ since it supported the Vegetation that pursued.
The Luminaries of the Fourth Day were good, since they supported the appearance of the first mobile life in the oceans on the Fifth Day
The Fish of the Fifth Day were ‘good’ since they supported the Birds that followed.
The Birds were ‘good’ since they supported the Crocodiles that feed on them.
The Cattle were ‘good’ since they supported the Beasts that followed.
Cattle and Beasts and Crawling creatures were good since they somehow support the birth of Adam.

Note that Man too is deemed good if we support the next Day, the Seventh.

6: ‘Good’ can also mean ‘fit the Master Plan.’ This comes from the notion that ELKM is a BUILDER who follows a Master in making CREATION. .

7: ‘Good’ also means ‘beautiful.’ Thus, a bride is seen ‘good in the groom’s eyes’. From here comes the notion that ELKM is like a Groom and CREATION is the Bride. We’ll discuss that later in details.  ,

8: Good can mean an approval, like go ahead’ with CREATION.



2: The trial depends on the creature’s position

Since each creature must support the next creature and the next Day, it comes out that the trial of each creature depends on its position on the Ladder of CREATION.its

  Since Adam is born at the junction between the Sixth and the Seventh Day,
our Judgment is whether or not we support the move from our Sixth Day of CREATION to the Seventh, the Eternal Sabbath.

Select the best answer
(1) ELoKiM said at the end of the second Day ‘that it was good’ (a) true (b) false (c) He said that Adam was good (d) He said that the Day wasn’t good

(2) Usually ELoKiM passed His judgment (a) at the middle of the Day (b) at the end of the Day (c) At Midnight (d) At Dawn

(3) Being good in ELoKiM’s eyes means (a) He was pleased (b) being viable (c) being strong to support another Day (d) all the above

(4) Light of the First Day was ‘good’ because (a) ELoKiM did not wish to sit in darkness (b) light supports grass, shrubs, and trees (c) light supports the Beginning (d) Light came before ELoKiM

(5) ELoKiM will Judge Man at the end of (a) the First Day (b) the Third day (c) the Sixth Day (d) the Sabbath

(6) ELoKiM deemed a Day as ‘good’ if (a) the Day fits His Master Plan (b) the creatures in it comply with His Laws (c) the creatures in it gave Him a Good Feeling (d) all the above

(7) If a creature is deemed not good, it would be (a) given another chance by Mercy (b) it would be forgiven and allowed to enter the next Day (c) it would be eliminated (d) it would survive despite of ELoHiM’s wrath

(8) Adam needs to be (a) good (b) neutral (c) slightly good (d) very good

(9) ELoKiM, the Builder of a Six Floor Building (a) judges every floor (b) didn’t leave a Floors unchecked (c) wants every Floor to support another on top (d) all the above

(10) if Adam is deemed good, would this be (a) enough to survive (b) enough to excel (c) enough to see the next Day (d) not enough to survive ELoKiM’s harsh scrutiny



Read also: “Genesis Vs. Science, Can They Match?” By Zvi Aviner, at