IDOLATRY- 4/ELoKiM/ What Constitutes Good in ELoKiM’s Eyes?


© 2017 by Rabbi Zvi Aviner


IDOLATRY-4: What is ‘Good’ in ELoKiM’s Eyes?

Know your CREATOR, know yourself and know the difference

The notion of ELKM as  a JUDGE is shown by the fact that He judged each Day of CREATION and said that it was good. Usually He passed that judgment  at  the end of each Day; apart from the 2nd Day where He did no judge at all and the 3rd and 6th Days where He judged it twice: at its middle and its end.  

A Judgment, by definition, carries the options of being ‘good’ or ‘not good’ in the JUDGE’S eyes.

Another capacity of ELKM during the Six Days is a Builder of a Six Floor House. Here the Builder comes at the end of each Day o reach Floor to check whether or not it was good.  

Since ELKM judgment is harsh and follows the Absolute Justice, the outcome of the Judgment may be harsh and merciless. If the last Floor is deemed not good, the Builder would terminate it, and would build another Floor instead.  If the Floor is deemed good, the Builder would keep it and build another Floor on top of it.

The question is: What constitutes ‘good’ or ‘not good’  in the Builder-Judge eyes?
We need to know that since we too are a part of the Building .


1: What is ‘good’ in ELoKiM’s eyes?

Tradition gives several answers, all important to the understanding of the CREATION story and our trial. ue:

1. ‘Good’ can mean ‘feeling good,’ that He was pleased. This is the source for the Kabbalitic notion that the initial impetus for CREATION was the CREATOR’S Desire to ‘feel good,’ nachat ruach, about His CREATION. It defines our role in this world: to make our CREATOR ‘feel good’ about us.

2: ‘Good’ can mean ‘compliant’ with His commands. Since ELKM created by words, being good means to comply with these words.

The trees were exceptional. Having been told by ELKM to bring forth fruit, they also developed a skin, a coat. ELKM decided to keep them alive nevertheless, making them the origin of any possible rebellion against Him.  Henceforth a rebellion against ELKM is called”a skin of a tree,” or kelipah. .

3. ‘Good’ means  ‘winner of the trial.’  Here ELKM is the JUDGE and ‘ good’ is a VERDICT. ’

4: ‘Good,’ tov, can also mean ‘viable,’ durable, healthy.For instance: Moses’ mother saw that her newborn baby as “good,” viable, healthy, therefore she placed him in the basket and let the basked float in the Nile (Exodus 2: 2.)

5: ‘Good’ can mean ‘strong’.  Thus the Builder ELKM deemed a Floor ‘good’ if it was strong enough to support another Day on top.’ This notion explains the order of creatures in CREATION.  Thus

Light, Energy and Water of the First Day was deemed ‘good’ in ELoKiM’s eyes, since they complied with His words, pleased Him, were found durable and strong to support the next, Second Day.
The Dry Land of the Third Day was ‘good’ since it supported the Vegetation that followed.
The Luminaries of the Fourth Day were good, since they supported the appearance of seasons, and promoted the fish in the oceans on the Fifth Day
The Fish of the Fifth Day were ‘good’ since they supported the Birds that followed.
The Birds were ‘good’ since they supported the Crocodiles that feed on them.
The Cattle were ‘good’ since they supported the Beasts that followed.
Cattle and Beasts and Crawling creatures were good since they somehow support the birth of Adam.

Note that Man too is deemed good if we support the next Day, the Seventh.

6: ‘Good’ can also mean ‘fit the Master Plan.’ This comes from the notion that ELKM is a BUILDER who follows a Master in making CREATION. .

7: ‘Good’ also means ‘beautiful.’ Thus  the world is an art piece.  The CREATOR is an artist (Abraham’s core of faith). .  ,

8: Good can mean an approval, like go ahead’ with CREATION.



2: The trial depends on the creature’s position

Since each creature must support the next creature and the next Day, the trial of each creature depends on its position on the Ladder of CREATION.its

  Since Adam is born at the junction between the Sixth and the Seventh Day,
our Judgment is whether or not we support the move from our Sixth Day of CREATION to the Seventh, the Eternal Sabbath.

Select the best answer
(1) ELoKiM said at the end of the second Day ‘that it was good’ (a) true (b) false (c) He said that Adam was good (d) He said that the Day wasn’t good

(2) Usually ELoKiM passed His judgment (a) at the middle of the Day (b) at the end of the Day (c) At Midnight (d) At Dawn

(3) Being good in ELoKiM’s eyes means (a) He was pleased (b) being viable (c) being strong to support another Day (d) all the above

(4) Light of the First Day was ‘good’ because (a) ELoKiM did not wish to sit in darkness (b) light supports grass, shrubs, and trees (c) light supports the Beginning (d) Light came before ELoKiM

(5) ELoKiM will Judge Man at the end of (a) the First Day (b) the Third day (c) the Sixth Day (d) the Sabbath

(6) ELoKiM deemed a Day as ‘good’ if (a) the Day fits His Master Plan (b) the creatures in it comply with His Laws (c) the creatures in it gave Him a Good Feeling (d) all the above

(7) If a creature is deemed not good, it would be (a) given another chance by Mercy (b) it would be forgiven and allowed to enter the next Day (c) it would be eliminated (d) it would survive despite of ELoHiM’s wrath

(8) Adam needs to be (a) good (b) neutral (c) slightly good (d) very good

(9) ELoKiM, the Builder of a Six Floor Building (a) judges every floor (b) didn’t leave a Floors unchecked (c) wants every Floor to support another on top (d) all the above

(10) if Adam is deemed good, would this be (a) enough to survive (b) enough to excel (c) enough to see the next Day (d) not enough to survive ELoKiM’s harsh scrutiny



Read also: “Genesis Vs. Science, Can They Match?” By Zvi Aviner, at