© 2019 by Rabbi Dr Zvi Aviner

Genesis Vs Evolution

Class 3: The History Channel Report Vs Genesis

How did Moses know all that?


© 2019 by Rabbi Dr. Zvi Aviner


We’ve already compared Moses’ Genesis to the Bronze Age’s  myths about CREATION, told in his time. Unlike them, Moses’  story is clean, bereaved of any sexual perversion, jealousy, killing or a power struggle between gods. Unlike them, Moses’ story is factual, recognizing an order in CREATION- some creatures were created first and others followed. No, we CAN’T count Moses’ Genesis among another Bronze Age myths.

We’ve also   began comparing Moses’ Genesis to our Scientific knowledge about the history of our Universe.  CAN these two narratives be matched? – Something you definitely  CANNOT do with any of the Bronze Age’s myths

On the surface, Moses’ Genesis seems to  drastically differ from Science.  He seems to speak about CREATION that took place in just a week, 5000 years ago.    Science on the other hand recognizes no “days” of CREATION, and speaks of 13.7 Billion years of the Universe’ age. How can you compare the two stories?

And yet, we’ve seen that Moses’ Genesis does share common points with Science.  First, Moses in Genesis chapter One does not mention 5000 years. This number has been arrived at by retrospective calculations from the stories of  Cain, Abel and Adam’s descendants.  In fact, Kabbala teachers in the 11 century AD calculated the average Day of CREATION to be 2.1 Billion years, making the Six Days equal to 12.6 Billion years, quite close to what Science says.  A Day of CREATION is perceived as an era, a stage or a Floor in the Six Floor Building of CREATION, that lasted many human years.

Let’s get more specific and compare now the Six Days’ Genesis with  the  Scientific narrative. CAN these two stories be matched? Remember, the stakes  are high.  If we’ve found Moses incompatible with our Scientific knowledge, we’ve also discredited the rest of his words – the rest of the  Bible.

How can we summarize our vast Scientific knowledge? Luckily for us,  the History Channel (HC)  has recently produced a video series called “How the Earth Was Made. ”  It summarizes all we know about the history of Earth, using archeology, biology, astronomy, geology, genetics, anthropology and other branches of modern Science.   Moreover,  the series proudly claims no relationship to the Biblical Genesis.   Hence it can be used as a platform for our comparison between Moses’ Genesis  and Science.

 As we study the Six Days of Genesis, you’ll discover that it wouldn’t incite in you any joy or emotional excitement. The story is factual, not mythical.  The story,  however, will fill your heart with a sense of  awe to the Truthfulness of the Torah (Bible) .




 The Scientific Account of the beginning of the world 

According to the HC, the Universe started 13.7 Billion years ago by a Big Bang, then expanded into Nebulas and Galaxies.  Our Galaxy, the Milky Way, is one of the oldest – 13 Billion  years old.  Immediately after the Big Bang, the Entropy began to decline, Energy and Light were formed then converted to Matter according to Einstein’s formula. The Original Chaos turned into Order.  Primitive molecules like helium, other gases and water were  formed.  Large, inorganic molecules appeared, having been baked in exploding Novas.

Then, 4.5 Billion years ago, Planet Earth was consolidated by gravity that kept together meteors.  It first appeared as a red Planet covered by steaming melting lava on its  surface. The  temperature of 8000F was kept high by radioactive decay of Earth’s radioactive elements. (In fact the age 13.7 B years was calculated from the measuring the rate of the radioactive decay.)  Earth at that age had neither atmosphere nor life. It is named The Molten Rock Planet

But Earth changed,  the HC says. About 4.4 Billion years ago, our Red Planet cooled off.  The radioactivity that had melted the rocks subsided and a solid, rocky crust was formed on its surface. This crust was essential  for the next step- it could support  water on top of it (previously any water would be either evaporated or absorbed into the ground).  .


Moses’ account  of the First Day

Moses seems to concur. The Age of the Universe – according to Kabbala- is about 13 B years, quite close to what Science says.

Then, Moses says, GOD ( ELKM) created Light and Darkness, and a Deep  Abyss-that could be Space.  Moses mentions  Chaos then order.  GOD (ELKM) then created Matter and Water .  GOD (ELKM) then saw that it was good, that the  stage or the  Day was  ready for  the next stage or “Floor”  on top.   This verdict of GOD (ELKM) could refer to having a crusty surface capable to carry the next Floor on top.

Then it was evening, and it was morning, “One Day.”   Here, as we’ve noticed,  Moses defines for us the length of One  Day of  CREATION – the time it took  CREATION to advance  from the Beginning to have in it  Light, Matter and Water, and Earth.

Thus, so far, Moses concurs with Science.  But Moses adds words that Science cannot and wouldn’t say- that GOD (ELKM) was pleased, and that He deemed the passing Day ‘good’ because it did fit His Plan.  He, the BUILDER, had a goal to reach and the Day was a good step towards that goal. .  .




The Scientific Account

After the formation of the solid, crusty surface, Earth continued to change. For the next 300 Million years – from 4.4 to  4.1 Billion years ago – our Planet became completely covered by water.   From where did the water arrive?  The Scientists say – from space above and from cooling rocks underneath.  The scientists think that our Planet entered an area in Space full of  watery comets.  For 300 Million years Earth was bombarded by the watery comets.  As they entered the hot temperature above Earth the comets melted into heavy rain. “Earth would never see so much rain again,” the HC says

In addition, the cooling rocks spewed water from bellow. About  4.1 B years ago,   Earth was covered by an endless sea of gushing, wavy  water.  With no atmosphere, the water  had a grayish-green-red color.  The red came from iron in the water. The temperature was still too high for any life to exist. The cooling rocks also spewed CO2 gas and other toxic  gases- that formed a colorless  atmosphere lacking Oxygen.  Earth is named  Water World


  Moses’ Account of the SECOND Day

According to Moses, when the Second Day dawned,  GOD (ELKM)  “separated the Water Above from the Water Bellow.”   No Dry Land existed.  Earth was completely covered by water. Moses mentions no life yet.

CAN you find a better match between Moses and Science?

Who  told this to Moses, 3500 years ago?

Note that Moses does not say here , at the end of the Second Day, that GOD (ELKM) said that it was good.  In the BUILDER eyes, conditions on earth were not yet ready for the next step- the seeding of life on ii.  Another crucial step was needed – as we are about to see.




The Scientific Account

The era of endless water came to an end – the HC says – 4,1 Billion years ago, by volcanic eruptions at the Sea  bed.  It formed a new type of rock, granite, that could for the first time withstand the gushing  water and the strong winds, so that it could  stay above the water.  Granite islands appeared everywhere.  The  Dry Land showed up on  Earth.

Over  the next 600 million of years – from 4.1 to 3.5 years ago – the granite Islands  consolidated to form the first Super Continent.  The remains of this lifeless continent are still seen today as black, smooth granite rocks  found  along the shores of South Africa,  Australia and other sites on Earth.  What’s unique about these smooth  rocks is that they carry absolutely no life fossil in them- not even bacteria.  By this they stand out in comparison to all other rocks on Earth, that as a rule do carry fingerprints of life in them. The scientists think that these rocks came into existence  before any life on our Planet. In fact, the  scientists use these lifeless rocks to trace the boundaries and size of this first  Super Continent that came out of the Sea.  Earth is named   the GRANITE PLANET..

 Moses’ account of the THIRD Day

Moses  concurs in full.  As the THIRD Day dawned, “GOD (ELKM)  separated the Dry Land from the Ocean.”  Moses mentions no life yet, not even Vegetation.  GOD (ELKM) then called the  Dry Land   “Continent,”  and the Water He called “Oceans”.  Thus  Moses too mentions first a Dry Land then a “Continent.”   GOD (ELKM) then passed a judgment and said that “it was good,” meaning that the  stage was ready to support the next one.  GOD (ELKM) also found it good because it did fit His Plan, and He  was pleased.


According to Science, what came next?

The Granite Super Continent  was essential for the net step- the seeding of life on Earth.  This happened  3.5 Billion years ago, when a coral like algae called Stromolites showed up  on the shallow shores of the Granite Continent.   The Stromolites are still seen in remote shores, especially in Australia.  The scientists consider them the  oldest living creatures on our Planet. No one knows form where they came, or how.   The were already equipped with the essential cellular organs, like DNA.  They can live only on  shallow waters with abundant sunshine, where they  perform the one talent they posess- photosynthesis.   They split the CO2 molecules in the air into Carbon and Oxygen,  take the carbon for their shells and  release the Oxygen to the air.  By this they changed Earth. .    .

For long time – for 2 Billion years,  from 3.5 to 1.5 Billion years ago – the Stromolites on the shores  produced “tons and tons of Oxygen,”  the HC  says.  The  atmosphere turned  blue, the one we know today.  The Oceans too turned blue by reflecting the color of the sky.   Earth became the BLUE PLANET.

If you want to build a blue atmosphere on March, plant there the Stromolits near a shallow beach, if you find water there. Then wait 2 Billion years.

About  1.5 Billion years ago, the  “mother of all Continents,” Rodenia, was seen at its glory. It was a  barren, Dry Land stretched under a Blue sky,  bereaved of any cloud or rain. It was also bereaved of any life- besides the Stromolites along  its shores.

But filling the air with Oxygen was not enough to promote the spread of life  on Earth. A change was needed,  About 0.9 Billion years ago, another series of   volcano eruptions at the Ocean’s bed split  Rodenia into smaller subcontinents.  The warming atmosphere, the increased humidity and the abundant  ashes and nutrients promoted the growth of the Stromolites  into  grass , than shrubs then trees.   The Vegetation Kingdom appeared on Earth.  The Vegetation  spread on the continents by wind, since no insects or any mobile life existed yet.  The Vegetation also invaded the oceans – a crucial stage for the future.  .   .


Moses’ account of the rest of the THIRD Day

After separating the Dry Land from the Sea, GOD (ELKM)  seeded  Life on Earth.  The word ’seeded’ is repeated in the verses four times.  GOD (ELKM) seeded Grass,  Shrubs and Trees – in that order.  Moses too  mentions no mobile life yet. Then GOD (ELKM) passed a judgment and said again that it was good, meaning that the stage  was ready to support another on top.  it was good, because it fit His Plan and He was pleased.   And it was evening, and it was morning, Day Three was over . Earth had three Floors.

CAN you find a better match between Moses and Science?  Who told him the story, 3500 years ago?

Note that in the course of the THIRD Day, GOD (ELKM) twice said that “it was good” – once after the separation of the Dry Land before seeding life  on it,  and then at the end of the Day.

Remember that whenever the Name GOD (ELKM) appears in the text, a trial was held and a judgment was issued.  Hence, before seeding life, Earth stood on a crossroad – would it see life on it or not? The details of that crucial trial and judgement is given in Genesis Chapters 2-5 (Eden story).   Luckily for us, GOD (ELKM) said that it was good, and He seeded the first life on Earth.

So far we have –

Day One………..The Red, melting Planet

Day Two………..The Water World- water from above and bellow

Day Three ……The Granite Planet-dry land and sea

……………………The Blue Planet- cellular life, Oxygen, Vegetation





Science: The Ice Age 

Although Vegetation could spread on Earth, yet mobile life did not  develop yet.  Ths would take place later in the waters, where mobility is easier.  But at first another change had to occur.  About 700 Million years ago (0.7 B) – says HC- Earth’s rotation around its Axis began to stabilize.  This brought a long, harsh Ice Age that lasted 50 Million years (0.7- 0.2 B years ago).  So harsh it was, that it  decimated all the Vegetation on the continents’ surface, but kept alive the Vegetation in the Oceans.  Earth looked like a SNOW BALL  traveling in Space.

Harsh it was, yet   the stabilization of  Earth’s rotation helped to fix  the length of the days and nights, as well as the  annual seasons. Thus, the Vegetation in the water had to adapt and learn to perform cycles of photosynthesis . They learn to be active at days  and dormant at night.   This would turn essential step for mobile life, whose nervous system demand the interchange between sleep and awakens. .  .  .  

During that long Ice Age, says the HC, Life in the waters engaged only in survival. No new drastic life forms appeared.  This would happen later after the Ice would melt.   .  .


What does Moses say about the Fourth Day?

Amazingly, Moses concurs in full.   When the THIRD Day ended,  GOD (ELKM) passed a tough JUDGMENT on everything created on that Day,  on the  Vegetation.  A ‘good’ verdict implies the possibility of a “not good” verdict.

As a rule of thumb, whenever GOD (ELKM) said, at the end of a Day, that “it was good,”  He  passed a judgment.  As a BUILDER, He  would allow  the “good” tenants to survive and enter the next Floor, the next Day.  They would have to adapt and grow into the new Day and its new environment.  The ones He deemed “not good anymore” He  eliminated  since they would not support the next Floor, the next Day.

Lt’s remember that during the Six Days, the world was ruled by GOD ( ELKM) – the Attribute of JUDGMENT –   who follows only the Absolute Justice, with no MERCY.  He gives life and He  takes life away, when needed.

Thus, according to Moses, when GOD (ELKM) passed a Judgment at the end of the THIRD Day and said that it was good, He allowed some inhabitants   to survive and enter the next Day, the Fourth, while He eliminated the rest.

Next, Moses says, when the “Fourth Day”  dawned, GOD (ELKM) ordered the luminaries – the Sun and the Moon –  to be  seen regularly on Earth.  So regularly, that calendars would be established by them.  So regularly, that the length of days and nights were fixed. So regularly, that the annual seasons were fixed. Then GOD (ELKM) passed another judgment and said that it was good, and there was Evening and there was Morning, Day Four was over. .

Note that Moses does not mention creating  any new types of creature during the  Fourth Day.  By this, Day Four  fits well the long, hash Ice Age that came along with with the stabilization of the Earth’s Axis. .

We stand in awe, seeing how well Genesis fits the Scientific narrative.

Who told him the story, having grown in Pharaoh’s home?

So far we have –

Day One………..The Red, melting Planet

Day Two………..The Water World

Day Three ……The Granite Planet

……………………The Blue Planet

Day Four………The Ice Ball



The Scientific Account

The regulation of the Earth’s Axis was crucial for the evolution of life, but not before the Ice Age has ended. This happened 0.65 Billion years ago, when volcanic activity at the Oceans broke the Ice and warmed up the sea. Much ashes and nutrients filled the water.

These changes promoted the first MOBILE LIFE to appear in the  Waters. First warms, then fish to its kinds.  The Animals Kingdom arrived on Earth, in the water.  From 0.65 to 0.4 Billion years ago (250 Million years) mobile life in the oceans exploded with new creatures. They developed the first eyes, first ears,  first teeth.   The constant struggle for life caused them to evolve special talents of decoy and deception.  “Earth would never see again so many weird Fish to its kinds” – says the HC.  Most of the fossils related to that period were found in Alaska by the Smithsonian Institute and therefore are called The Cambrian Period, after the site in Alaska.  On contrast to the water, Life could not spread  on Dry Land due to the intense Solar UV radiation.

This too changed gradually.  o.4 Billion years ago, enough Ozone developed in the sky that could shield some mobile life on  Dry Land.This happened in stages

First, the constant tides left some Fish on the shores.  Here come two narratives:

(1) The Fish on shores invaded the inland and became Amphibians that evolved into Birds

(2) The Fish on shores had no interest to invade the inland.  Instead, they developed wings and became Birds in order to fly back over the waters  and catch other Fish.  Other Fish on Shores escaped the Birds into the inland. They evolved into Crocodiles that are built to catch and feed on the Birds. (so says the Discovery Chanel)

Which version is supported by Moses? We’ll soon see. All agree that  at that point Earth was ruled by giant BIRDS hovering  over the waters to catch giant Fish  Very little mobile life took place on the Dry Land due to the heavy UV bombardment.

Then – 0.4 to 0.3 B years ago –  the Ozone layer gradually diminished. This allowed an explosion of growth among the amphibians, insects and birds.  They thrived in the huge, humid swamps- similar to the ones you see today in the US Southern states (The Carboniferous and the Ordovician Periods ) Some call  Earth at that stage The Green Planet.


Moses’ account of the FIFTH DAY

After  the Judgment of the Fourth Day was over, GOD (ELKM) said that it was good. The Floor was ready to carry another one on top.   This Verdict could concur with the ending  of the Ice Age and the stabilization of Earth’s Axis.

Then, as the Fifth Day dawned, GOD (ELKM) created Fish.  He created them in abundance, as Moses says: And GOD (ELKM) blessed them to be fruitful and multiply”.  This statement concurs well with the enormous explosion of life in the waters at that time.

Then, following the Fish,   GOD (ELKM ) created Birds then Crocodiles,  In that order. Amazingly, Moses focuses on these three major classes of creatures.  He also mentions the Crocodiles as the last ones, thereby supporting the Discovery Chanel. 

So who told Moses the story?

But  Moses adds that at the end of the Fifth Day, GOD (ELKM) passed another judgment and said  that is it was good.  Some creatures He eliminated, others He allowed to enter and support the next Day. Does Moses concur here with Science? We’ll soon see.

So far we have-

Day One………..The Red, melting Planet

Day Two………..The Water World- water from above and below

Day Three ……The Granite Planet- continent

……………………The Blue Planet- cellular life, Oxygen, Vegetation

Day Four ……..The Ice Ball- stabilizing Earth’s axis, regular photosynthesis of days and nights

Day Five.………The Green Planet- Fish, Birds, Crocodiles, swamps



The Scientific Report

The abundance of life in the water, the giant Fish and the giant Birds and huge Crocodiles ended 0.25 Billion years ago by a major catastrophe that hit Earth.  A series of fiery explosions erupted all over the Planet- perhaps by gases ascending from the ground. These explosions decimated 90% of the Earth’s giant inhabitants.  “Earth would never see such devastation again” – says the HC .  As devastating as it was, yet  it also promoted new and more sophisticated life forms to evolve.

This catastrophe does match well the Judgment that was issued by GOD (ELKM)  at the end of the Fifth Day.  This Judgment eliminated those who were not good anymore, yet allowed others to enter the next Day,  adapt and grow.

At that period, HC says, about 0.2 B years ago, the  Super Continent Pangaea was consolidated.  Pangaea is the classical world of the large  pre-historic creatures that roamed the Earth (The Triassic and Jurassic periods).  Intense volcanic activity  spewed  ashes and nutrients that promoted the Vegetation in the swamps. The temperature became tropical.

This change promoted the first large Cattle- Like creatures to evolve in the swamps.  They consumed the vast Vegetation in the swamps.  Their heavy weight and fat belied were supported by the water.  Since they had short legs, they could not ran fast,   Soon – 150 Million years ago)  the first  Beast-like predators appeared, to prey on the Cattle. Among them the Dinosaurs- tall as three stories house. .

The reign of he Dinosaurs and their kinds ended  75 Million years ago by the famous catastrophe that hit our Planet- either a  volcanic eruptions or a large meteor  hitting Earth near Mexico.  The toxic ashes, the fumes and the  radioactive radiation killed all the giant creatures of the era. As harsh as it was, yet it opened the door for Mammals to grow – including Man,


Moses’ Account of the SIXTH Day

Again, Moses concurs in full. At the Sixth Day dawned, GOD (ELKM) created Cattle-like, then Creeping creatures then Beast- like to their kinds.  .

Then, Moses says, while the Sixth  Day was in progress, GOD (ELKM) passed a premature judgment on everything He had created earlier on the  Sixth Day.  Like always, His Judgment was harsh and merciless, but just.  The creatures He deemed ‘not good anymore’  He eliminated; the others that He deemed ‘good’ He allowed to live, since they could fit the rest of the Sixth Day – living side by side with Adam.

This “Midday Judgment of the Sixth Day” can fit well the  catastrophe that hit our Planet and wiped out the giant creatures of Pangaea.  And we should acknowledge that as  harsh it was, it was ‘good’ since it allowed other, more sophisticated creatures to evolve – including Man, us.  .

Again, we stand in awe  realizing how accurate Moses’ Genesis is, how compatible it is with Science.


But what about the Crawling creatures|?

One embarrassing question pops up – Moses says that creeping creatures came on board last, before the appearance of Man.   Oops! | Did Mses err here?  According to Science, Creeping creatures appeared on Earth well back  in the Evolution!

 The Time Magazine Report

For a while I was troubled with that question.  Then, about 7 years ago, the Time Magazine came and saved my trust in Moses.  On the front Page, the magazine showed a photo of a snake’s skeleton recently discovered.  it was so large that it could accommodate “two Gray hand buses side by side in its belly.”   And that was a skeleton of a junior snake…

Amazingly,radioactive  measurement showed that this giant snake lived 75 Million years old-  just after the Meteoric catastrophe that hit our Planet and wiped out the Dinosaurs. .

The Time Magazine  explained that following the demise of the Dinosaurs, the stage was open for giant snakes that roamed the Earth and consumed everything on their way.   For millions of years these giant snakes ruled Earth.  Some lived even 400.00 years ago, side by side with primitive Man; hence the legends  of Dragons in caves..

So here again Moses is found very accurate! Yes, on  the Sixth Day, Earth was ruled first by Cattle-like, then by Beast-like then by Creeping creatures – in that precise order.

Who told Moses the story?


So far we have-

Day One………..The Red, melting Planet

Day Two………..The Water World

Day Three ……The Granite Planet

……………………The Blue Planet

Day Four ……..The Ice Ball

Day Five.………The Green Planet

Day Six ..………..Current Planet


The Torah is the only living miracle in our hands!

Rather than being  embarrassed by the story of Genesis, as if it is an ancient myth, we should raise it as a flag of  truthfulness for the entire Torah (Bible)

It was Maimonides (the RaMBaM) who wrote that Israel has remained faithful to GOD not because of the miracles of the Exodus. The  validity of miracles can always be challenged, their impact fading by good natural explanations.

But one miracle can’t be challenge- the validity of the Torah itself.  The more we learn from Science, the more we stand in awe to the Torah’s truthfulness.  No wonder that Moses placed that story at the start of his five books.


Some reflections

On the interplay between the environment and Life

Surprisingly, Moses describes an interplay between the environment and the evolution of life . On each Day, GOD (ELKM)  changed Nature in order to direct the Evolution of  Life in a certain direction.  Thus the Granite appeared to allow the Stromolites to settle in. The Super Continent Rodenia  split, to allow the Vegetation to spread and grow.  Volcano eruption in the water and stabilizing the Earth axis promoted Fish.  The regular tides promoted the birth of Birds.Indeed, GOD (ELKM) The BUILDER erect a new environment, into which new forms of life appear.

Thus the so called none living material- such as stone or water or air- is actually a part of the Evolution.  The Earth’s environment has changed in order  to stimulate and direct the evolution of life.  Modern scientists have recognized that fact and one of the latest theory is that one should place Animals, Vegetation and Material things on one continous line. To these scientists EVERYTHING IS LIFE.  Well, here comes Moses 3500 years ago and says the same thing, only that he names the one common entity  as GOD.

Moses’ message 

We need to appreciate how hard,  and how long, the CREATOR “labored”  to bring us on Earth.  We must be very precious  in His eyes.

And He did all that for a purpose. What purpose? Moses would tell it to us as we learn about the creation of Man.


Our week

If a Day of CREATION was an era, why call it a “day”?

The answer is – that Moses wishes to establish our week days, to remember Genesis.

This indeed was the practice of the  Levite Choir of the Holy Temple of Jerusalem. On each day of the week they used to chant  a Psalm song describing  the events that had taken place on that Day in Genesis.    Moses wishes us to remember every day of the week from where we came, and where we go in history.  .

Now what does Moses say about Man that can match Science?

What does he add on Man, that science acan’t say?