© 2019 by Rabbi Dr Zvi Aviner
Genesis Vs Evolution
Class 3: The History Channel’s Report Vs Genesis
How did Moses know all that?
Let’s compare now Moses’ Genesis with our Scientific knowledge of the History of Earth. Luckily, the History Channel (HC) has issued a series of videos named “How the Earth Was Made ” that we can use a platform for our comparison. This wonderful series presens everything we know about the history of Earth using Geology, Archeology, Biology, Astronomy, Genetics and many other branches of modern Science. It brags to be unbiased by the Bible.
As it turns out, while I was watching it with awe, I could not but be amazed how well it actually does match Moses’ Genesis. So here are the two narratives side by side – Moses’ Genesis compared to the HC account – for you to see and judge. .
Now if that is true and Mose’s Genesis does match our Scientific knowledge, who told him the story 3500 years ago, having grown in Pharaoh’s home? .
So here are the two accounts side by side.
THE FIRST DAY of CREATION
The Scientific Account of the beginning of the world
Science of course does not recognize any Day of CREATION. Here I simply compare successive historical eras as described by the HC to Moses’ account.
Science says that the world began about 13.7 Billion years ago by a Big Bang. The Universe expanded vastly forming Nebulae, galaxies, stars, and planets. Our Galaxy – the Milky Way, is about 13 Billion years old, one of the oldest. As the Universe expanded, the Entropy began to decline, Energy and Light were formed then converted to Matter according to Einstein’s formula. The Original Chaos gradually turned into an Order. Primitive molecules such as helium and water were formed, baked in the exploding Novas.
Around 4.5 Billion years ago, the Planet Earth was consolidated by gravity that kept meteors together. It first appeared in Space as a Red Planet comprising of melting, steaming hot lava. The 8000 F temperature was kept so high by radioactive decay of Earth’s radioactive elements. (The age 4.5 B years was calculated by measuring the rate of the radioactive decay.) Earth had neither atmosphere nor life. It is referred to as “The Molten Red Planet”
Then, 4.4 Billion years ago, our Red Molten Planet cooled off. The radioactivity subsided, allowing a solid rocky crust to form on Earth’s surface. This rocky crust would be crucial for the next step – the support of water on top of it. . .
Moses’ account of the First Day
The first verse- “In the Beginning GOD (ELKM) created the Heavens and the Earth” CAN be seen related to the Beginning of the \universe, 13.7 B years ago, or to the Beginning of Earth, 4.5 B years ago, or to both. Moses thought, is interested in Earth.
Moses mentions that in the First Day GOD (ELKM) created Light, Darkness, and the “Deep” that could be Space. He also mentions Chaos and Disorder, then Water . It can relate to the melting lava streaming on our Planet.
hen, Moses says, GOD (ELKM) – the BUILDER- judged the passing Day and saw that it was good, that it could support the next Day. This could well fit the cooling of Earth and the formation of the rocky crust on its surface which would support the next phase- Water.
As we’ve already noticed, Moses summerises the Day saying that “It was evening and it was morning, One Day.” Instead of saying Day One he says “One Day,” defining for us the length of a “Day of CREATION.” How long it was? The time it took CREATION to advance from the Beginning to see in it Light, Matter, Water and Earth. It could have taken any number of years. It could have taken from the Beginning till 4.5 Billion years ago. (Each Day of CREATION may have taken different length in human years)
Everything wsa ready, he says, for the next Floor- the next Day. . .
THE SECOND DAY OF CREATION
The Scientific Account
According to the HC, the forming of rocky crust on the Earth’s surface was crucial for the next era. For the following 300 Million years – from 4.4 to 4.1 Billion years ago – Earth was “bombarded by endless rain” like which it would never see again. From where did the endless rain come? The Scientists say that the rain came from Space in a form of frozen comets. Our Planet must have entered a “domain in our Galaxy” that is full of watery comets. It took “millions and millions of years” for Earth to escape from that domain so that the rain would stop. In addition to the rain from above, the scientists say, much water came out also from the Earth below – from the cooling rocks themselves. . it turns out that by cooling, the new rocks spewed CO2 gas and water from below. After 300 million years of so much water coming from above and bellow, Earth became covered by an endless Ocean – called the Water World. Still lacking atmosphere, the ocean assumed a grayish-green-red color; the red coming from iron in the water. (This explains why deposits of iron on Earth are now found along ancient shores). The Earth temperature was still too high for any life to exist on it.
Moses’ Account of the SECOND Day
Amazingly, Moses too says that as the 2nd Day dawned, GOD (ELKM) “separated the Water Above from the Water Bellow.” No Dry Land existed yet. No life is mentioned yet. Can you find a better match between Moses’s Genesis and Science? Who told Moses such a credible story, 3500 years ago? No other culture or record gives such a story!
Note that unlike the First Day, Moses does not say here that at the end of the 2nd Day GOD (ELKM) deemed the Day as “good.” In the BUILDER’S eyes, conditions on earth were not yet ready for the next step- the seeding of life on ii. Another crucial step was needed – as we are about to read
THE THIRD DAY of CREATION
The Scientific Account
The Water World came to an end – the HC says – 4,1 Billion years ago, by a series of volcanic eruptions at the Ocean’s bed. A new type of rock, the granite, was formed the first time ever. Unlike the older types of softer rocks, the granite could withstand the erasing insult of gushing water. The granite created the first dry islands over the water. Solid, Dry Land showed up on Earth the first time ever.
Over the next 600 million of years – from 4.1 to 3.5 years ago – the Granite Islands gradually consolidated to form the first Super Continent- Rodenia. Still a lifeless continent, it stretched from pole to pole barren under the Sun “like the Sahara desert. ” We can trace its borders by special blackish, smooth rocks that are found nowadays along the ocean shores of South Africa, Australia and other sites on Earth. What’s so special about these primordial rocks is that they carry no fossil of any life in them, not even bacteria or any other tiny plant. The scientists regard them as the remnants of the first granite Super Continent Rodenia. Earth is called at that age The GRANITE PLANET..
Moses’ account of the THIRD Day
Amazingly, Moses concurs with Science in full. He too says that as the THIRD Day dawned, GOD (ELKM) separated the Dry Land from the Ocean. Moses mentions no life yet, not even Vegetation. He says that GOD (ELKM) named the Dry Land “Continent,” and “the Water He called Oceans” in plural. This makes sense since the new granite continent and its islands divided the first Ocean into several Seas. Only then, Moses says, GOD (ELKM) judged everything He had created earlier on the THIRD Day and deemed it good. . Earth was ready to support the next phase.
Till now we have a perfect match between Moses and science.
- Moses’ First Day – the Melting Red Planet
- Moses’ second Day– The Water world
- Moses’ Third Day and Dry Land– the granite First Continent .
According to Science, what came next?
According to the HC, the Granite Super Continent Rodenia i with its shallow shores was crucial for the net step – seeding life on Earth. This happened 3.5 Billion years ago, when a coral-like algae called Stromolites showed up on the shallow shores of Rodenia. Those Stromolites are still seen in remote shores, especially in Australia. The scientists consider them the oldest living creatures on our Planet. “They are our fathers and mothers.” No one knows where they came from or how. Since they were already equipped with RNA and other cellular organelles, they are considered the first living creatures on Earth. They thrived on shallow shores under water, yet exposed to the abundant sunshine . This allowed then to perform their talent – photosynthesis, by which they split CO2 in the air (released by cooling rocks) into Carbon and Oxygen. They used the carbon for their shells and released the Oxygen into the water and air, forming our Atmosphere. . .
For the next 2 Billion years, from 3.5 to 1.5 Billion years ago, the Stromolites produced “tons and tons of Oxygen” – he HC says. The sky turned blue, and so was the Ocean, reflecting the sky. Earth became The BLUE PLANET.
If you want to build a blue atmosphere on March, plant there Stromolits on shallow beaches, if you find water there. Then wait 2 Billion years.
Then, 1.5 Billion years ago, the “mother of all Continents,” Rodenia, stretched barren under Dry Blue Sky with no rain. Yet primordial life grew along its shallow shores as Stromolites. .
Then, 0.9 Billion years ago, a series of volcano eruptions at the Ocean’s bed split Rodenia into smaller subcontinents. The increasingly warm atmosphere and the humidity promoted the growth of the Stromolites into grass , shrubs and trees. . The Kingdom of Vegetation came on Earth. The vegetation at that time spread by water and wind, since there was no mobile life yet in existence, no flies or bees . The Vegetation invaded the oceans, a crucial phase for the future, since mobile life would first appear there. . .
Some say that no vegetation grew on Rodenia itself, besides the algae and bacteria along its shallow shores. But then how would Mobile Life develop next? The alternative theory is more appealing, that the primordial vegetation did appear first along the shoes – adapting to days and nights, as we would soon see. This was essential for the next step- fish to its kind. . .
Moses’ account of the rest of the THIRD Day
Again, Moses concurs with Science in full. After separating the Dry Land from the Sea, he says, GOD (ELKM) seeded Life on Earth. The word ’seeded’ is repeated four times in two verses. GOD (ELKM) planted Seeds, Grass, Shrubs and Trees – in that order. Moses too mentions no mobile life yet. Then, he says, at the end of the THIRD Day, GOD (ELKM) passed a judgment on the Day and said that it was good, that it could support another Day on top of it, and that it went along with His master Plan. And it was evening, and it was morning, Day THREE was over .
Earth had so far three Floors. So far we have –
Moses’ Day One………..The Red, melting Planet
Moses’ Day Two………..The Water World– water from above and bellow
Moses’ Day Three ……The Granite Planet-dry land and sea
.,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,The Blue Planet– mono cellular life, production of Oxygen, Vegetation
THE FOURTH DAY of CREATION
Science: The Ice Age
Where would mobile life appear first? About 700 Million years ago (0.7 B) – the HC says- Earth was hit by a devastating, long Ice Age that that lasted 50 Million years (0.7- 0.2 B years ago). So harsh, that it decimated the entire Vegetation on the Dry Land of Rodenia and the granite islands. It left only Vegetation in the Oceans under the cover of the Ice. Earth looked like a SNOW BALL traveling in Space.
This could have been the end of Life on Earth, had it not been accompanied by a change in the Earth’s axis and rotation. Unlike before, it became stabilized and predictable. As a result, the length of days and nights as well as the annual seasons were fixed for the first time. This allowed the Vegetation in the water to adapt and develop the regular cycles of photosynthesis – active at daylight and dormant at night. This would be crucial for the next step of mobile creatures, who depend on nervous system that must be able to switch from a state of awakening to being dormant. No mobile life can exist with out being able to be asleep and then awake. .
Yet at that stage, no mobile life was formed either on the icy land or deep in the water.
What does Moses say about the Fourth Day?
Again, Moses concurs in full with Science even in regard to that stage. At the end of the THIRD Day , he says, GOD (ELKM) passed a harsh JUDGMENT on everything He had created earlier on that THIRD Day- on the kingdom of Vegetation. These He deemed “not good anymore” He eliminated, while those he deemed good were allowed to flourish – in the waters. . .
Then, as “Fourth Day” dawned, GOD (ELKM) ordered the luminaries – the Sun and the Moon – to be seen regularly on Earth. So regularly, he says, that “calendars and seasons would be established” as well as the length of days and nights. And there was Evening and there was Morning, Day Four was over. .
Can you have a better match between Moses and Science?
So far we have –
Moses Day One………..The Red, melting Planet
Moses Day Two………..The Water World
Moses Day Three …...The Granite Planet, Seeding Life
……………………………….The Blue Planet, Atmosphere
Moses Day Four………The Snow Ball, Stabilization of Earth axis, Seasons, Days and Nights, Sleep and ………………………………..Awakens
THE FIFTH DAY OF CREATION
The Scientific Account
The long, devastating Ice Age came to an end 0.65 Billion years, by volcanic activity at the Ocean bed. It melted the Ice above and warmed up the oceans. MOBILE LIFE appeared the first time ever in the water. First warms, then fish to its kinds, then bigger fish that preyed on the smaller ones. “The Animals Kingdom arrived on Earth in the water” – says the HC.
From 0.65 to 0.4 Billion years ago (span of 250 Million years) mobile life exploded in the oceans. The fish developed the first eyes, ears and teeth. A fierce struggle for life waged in the water, compelling the creatures to develop decoy and deception. “Earth would never see again so many weird Fish to its kinds” – says the HC. Most of the fossils of that period were found in Alaska by the Smithsonian Institute and therefore are called The Cambrian Period, after the site in Alaska. In contrast to the water, life could not evolve yet on Dry Land due to intense Solar UV radiation.
About 0.4 Billion years ago, enough Ozone layer developed in the sky to shield life on the Dry Land. – First appeared Amphibians that moved from the water onto the Dry Land, then Birds appeared in the sky.
From 0.4 to 0.3 B years ago, life fourished in the swamps on shores. Giant insects filled the scene, that resembled the swamps seen today in the Southern states of the USA (The Carboniferous and the Ordovician Periods .) Earth became The Green Planet
The end of the era
About 0.25 Billions years ago, the era came to an end by another catastrophes that hit our planet and almost decimated all life on it. A series of fiery explosions erupted all over the Planet and terminated 90% of the Earth’s inhabitants. “Earth would never see again such a devastation” the HC says . The cause of that eruption is not yet known for sure. some say that gases came up form the ground and exploded while other blame a volcanic eruption. Devastating it was, but the event actually promoted the growth of new and more sophisticated creatures. .
In summary of the era- first came Fish in the water, then Crocodiles, then Birds. insects and giant swamps. Life was almost been terminated by fiery explosions.
Moses’ Fifth Day
As the Fifth Day dawned, GOD (ELKM) said “Let there be Fish in the Water.” The first mobile life appeared in the water, just like Science is saying. Moreover, Moses ads, “GOD (ELKM) blessed them to be fruitful and multiply“. indicating an abundance of Fish to its kind, exactly as Science is saying about the era. Then Moses says that GOD (ELKM) created BIRDS and Crocodiles.
Ooops! Science says otherwise- first Crocodiles then Birds! Did Moses err?
Then came the Discovery Chanel and saved my confidence in Moses, New findings reveal hat when the Earth axis was fixed (on the Fourth Day) tides were created that threw Fish onto the shores. Several million years later, those “Fish on Shores” developed Wings in order to fly back over the water to catch other Fish. Hence Birds came after Fish, exactly as Moses says.
Only then, the Discovery Chanel says, some of the “Fish On Shores” escaped inland and became Amphibians like Crocodiles, to catch Birds, as Moses says. Yes, first Fish, then Birds and only then Crocodiles. Moses is so accurate! Who told hm the story?
Then, Moses goes on saying, at the end of the Fifth Day, GOD (ELKM) passed a Judgment on everything He had created earlier on that Day. As before, it was harsh yet just with no mercy. Creatures He deemed “not good anymore” were eliminated, while those He deemed good were allowed to endure and enter the next, Sixth Day.
Do not ask how the “Good God” decimated almost all life on Earth by fiery explosions? GOD (ELKM) as a BUILDER operated in Absolute Justice. Since He renders life, He can takes Life away as he deems necessary. As a BUILDER , He decided which creature to eliminate and which to enter the next Day, which one was obsolete and which one could support another Day. This judgement would also pertain to us, as we’ll learn soon.
And since GOD (ELKM) said at the end of the Fifth Day that it was good, the creatures He allowed to enter er the next Day would become a source of more complex and sophisticated ones. And “there was evening ,and there was morning , Day Five” was over.
Moses uses the terms “morning and evening” to establish our weekdays. .he wants us to remember Genesis all our lives to understand how the world was created and the terms of our trial. .
So far we have the following stages or Days-
Moses’ Day One………..The Red, melting Planet
Moses’ Day Two………..The Water World- water from above and below
Moses’ Day Three …...The Granite Planet- continent
…………. ………. .The Blue Planet– cellular life, Oxygen, Vegetation
Moses’ Day Four .. The Ice Ball– stabilizing Earth’s axis, regular photosynthesis of days and nights
Moses’ Day Five.………The Green Planet– Fish, Birds, Crocodiles, swamps
The SIXTH Day of CREATION
As the fiery explosion subsided, about 0.2 B years ago, the Super Continent Pangaea became consolidated. Pangaea was the classical world of the giant pre – historical creatures that roamed the Earth (the Triassic and Jurassic periods). Their growth was promoted by constant volcanic activity that spewed ashes and nutrients into the air. The Earth’s temperature became tropical.
Life grew in the swamps. First came large Cattle- Like creatures who fed on the abundant Vegetation. Thier fat bodies were supported by the water, so they had short legs and could not run fast. Then came large Beast-like predators – around 150 Miliion years ago- who could run fast and prey on the Cattle; among them the Dinosaurs- as tall as three stories house. .
The Dinosaurs and their kinds reigned from 200 M years ago till 75 Million years ago. Their reign ended by a catastrophe that decimated all the huge beasts of Pangea. . This catastrophe was either another fiery gas explosions or a large meteor that plunged into the sea near Mexico. The toxic ashes and the radio active fumes killed all the giant creatures of the era. Again, as devastating as this event was, it opened the door for smaller and more sophisticated creatures to flourish, among them Mammals and Man.
What does Moses say about the Sixth Day?
After the judgement of the Fifth Day, Moses says, the Sixth Day dawned. GOD (ELKM) then went on to create as ever before- first Cattle-like, then Creeping creatures and then Beast- like creatures to their kinds. As we’ve just seen, Moses concurs here with Science.
Then, Moses says, while the Sixth Day was still in progress, GOD (ELKM) passed a judgment on everything He had created earlier on the Sixth Day. And like before, His Judgment was harsh and merciless, yet Just. The creatures He deemed ‘not good anymore’ He eliminated, while those He deemed ‘good’ He allowed to thrive and enter the rest of the Sixth Day.
By this, Moses concurs again with Science. A judgment decimated all giant creatures before making Man. ? .
But what about the Crawling creatures|?
But for a while I thought that Moses wasn’t accurate here. He is saying that along with the Beasts came creeping creatures, like snakes. But we know from Science that creeping creatures appeared well back in the Evolution!
The Time Magazine Report
Then came the Time Magazine and saved my trust in Moses. The magazine showed on its front Page a photo of a giant snake whose skeleton was so large that it could accommodate “two Gray hand buses side by side in its belly.”
Amazingly,radioactive measurement showed that this giant snake lived 75 Million years old – just at the time of the Dinosaurs. The magazine says that after the Dinosaurs were gone, the giant snakes took over and roam the Earth freely, devouring everything on their way. For millions of years these giant snakes ruled our planet. Some lived close to primitive Man; seen as “dragons” in the caves. Hence Moses was proven again to be right. Crawling creatures came along with the Beasts, and ruled our Planet till the appearence of Mankind. Who told Moses the story? .
So far we have-
Moses’ Day One………..The Red, melting Planet
Moses’ Day Two………..The Water World
Moses’ Day Three ……The Granite Planet
………………………………..The Blue Planet
Moses’ Day Four ………The Ice Ball
Moses’ Day Five……….The Green Planet
Moses’ Day Six…………Current Planet
The Torah is the only living miracle in our hands!
We see form the above that rather than being embarrassed by Genesis, as if it is a Bronze Age myth, we should raise it as a flag for the truthfulness of the Torah (Bible)
Maimonides (the RaMBaM) wrote that Israel has remained faithful to GOD not because of the miracles of the Exodus or of any other miracle. Every miracle, he writes, can be challenged by natural explanations. Only one miracle can’t be denied- the miracle of the Torah itself.
The more we learn from Science, the more we stand in awe before Moses’ words. We understand now the reason he places Genesis at the front of his five books. He knew that a generation would rise and be able to validate his story of Genesis , they would also accept the rest of his words.
But Moses goal is to tell us not only about the Universe but mainly about us. He wishes us to know who exactly made us, how, when, and for what purpose. On that we’ll dwell next class.
On the interplay between the environment and Life
The story of Genesis is built in such a way that explain how changes in the environment have precede the evolution of new life forms. The earth crusted first so that water could stay on it. The granite Dry Land appeared, to let life settle at tits shallow shores. The Earth’s axis was stabilized – on the 4th Day – to allow mobile life to develop in the water. Tides caused Fish on shore to become Birds, which developed into crocodiles. This way the changed in the environment preceded and promoted the progress in life forms on Earth.
One can claim that one led to the other; that Life adapted to the new environment and used it to grow. But one can also claim otherwise- that the changes in the environment were induced by Life to allow its growth!
Modern Life Scientists actually claim that the former distinction between Life forms and the inanimate environment is blurred and should be seen as a part of one large spectrum. The Inanimate world and life are on one continuum.
Add on it the Quantum Mechanics that sees the world as a Matrix that depends on Consciousness, and you can see how life is but a part of the entire system.
Yet Moses is saying that this Matrix is built for a purpose- for our moral trial. He also says that the LORD DOD (YHVH ELKM) Blew His Breath into our nostrils, indicating the presence of the Divine inside us. We are not just a Matrix.
Indeed, since Moses has been found by us to be so accurate about CREATION, what exactly does he say about Man and our Judgment? .
END OF CLASS 3