© 2019 by Rabbi Dr Zvi Aviner

Genesis Vs Evolution

Class 3: The History Channel’s Report Vs Genesis

How did Moses know all that?




Let’s compare now Moses’ Genesis with our Scientific knowledge of the History of Earth.   Luckily,  the History Channel (HC) has issued a series of videos named “How the Earth Was Made ”  that we can use a platform for our comparison.  This wonderful series  presens everything we know about the history of Earth using Geology,  Archeology, Biology,  Astronomy, Genetics and many other branches of modern Science.   It brags to be unbiased  by the Bible.

As it turns out,  while I was watching it with awe,  I could not but be amazed  how well it actually does match Moses’ Genesis.   So  here are the two narratives side by side – Moses’ Genesis compared to the HC account – for you to see and judge.  .

Now if that is true and Mose’s Genesis does match our Scientific knowledge, who told him the story 3500 years ago, having grown in Pharaoh’s home? .

So here are the two accounts side by side.




 The Scientific Account of the beginning of the world 

Science of course does not recognize any Day of CREATION.  Here I simply compare successive historical eras as described by the HC to Moses’ account.

Science says that the world began about 13.7 Billion years ago by a Big Bang. The Universe expanded vastly forming Nebulae, galaxies, stars, and planets.  Our Galaxy –  the Milky Way,  is about 13 Billion years old, one of the oldest.    As the Universe  expanded,  the Entropy began to decline, Energy and Light were formed then converted to Matter according to Einstein’s formula.  The Original Chaos gradually turned into an Order. Primitive molecules such as helium and water were formed, baked in the exploding Novas.

Around 4.5 Billion years ago,  the Planet Earth was  consolidated by gravity that kept meteors together.  It first appeared in Space as a Red Planet comprising of melting, steaming hot lava. The  8000 F temperature was kept so high by radioactive decay of Earth’s radioactive elements. (The age 4.5 B years was calculated by measuring the rate of the radioactive decay.)   Earth had neither atmosphere nor life.  It is referred to as “The Molten Red Planet”

Then, 4.4 Billion years ago, our Red Molten Planet cooled off.  The radioactivity subsided,  allowing a  solid  rocky crust to form on Earth’s surface. This rocky crust would be  crucial  for the next step – the support of  water on  top of it. .  .


Moses’ account  of the First Day

The first verse- “In the Beginning GOD (ELKM) created the Heavens and the Earth” CAN be seen related to the Beginning of the \universe, 13.7 B years ago, or to the Beginning of Earth, 4.5 B years ago, or to both.   Moses thought, is interested in Earth.

Moses mentions that in the First Day GOD (ELKM) created Light, Darkness,  and the “Deep” that could be Space. He also mentions  Chaos and Disorder, then  Water .  It can relate to the melting lava streaming on our Planet.

hen, Moses says, GOD (ELKM) – the BUILDER- judged the passing Day and saw that it was good, that it could support the next  Day.    This could well fit  the cooling of Earth and the formation of the rocky crust on its surface which would support the next phase- Water.

As we’ve already noticed,  Moses summerises the Day saying that “It was evening and it was morning, One Day.”     Instead of saying Day One he says “One Day,”  defining for us the length of a “Day of  CREATION.” How long it was? The time it took  CREATION to advance  from the Beginning to see in it  Light, Matter, Water and Earth.  It could have taken any number of years.  It could have taken from the Beginning till 4.5 Billion years ago. (Each Day of CREATION  may have taken different length in human  years)

Everything wsa ready, he says, for the next Floor- the next Day.  .  .




The Scientific Account

According to the HC, the forming of  rocky crust on the Earth’s surface was crucial for the next era.  For the  following  300 Million years – from 4.4 to  4.1 Billion years ago – Earth was “bombarded by endless rain” like which it would never see again.  From where did the endless rain come? The Scientists say that the rain came  from Space in a form of frozen comets.   Our Planet must have entered a “domain in our Galaxy” that is full of  watery comets. It took “millions and millions of years”  for Earth to escape from that domain so that the rain would stop.   In addition to the rain from above, the scientists say, much water came out also from the Earth below – from the cooling rocks themselves. . it turns out that by cooling, the new rocks  spewed CO2 gas and water from below.  After 300 million years of so much water coming from above and bellow, Earth became covered by an endless  Ocean – called the Water World.   Still lacking atmosphere, the ocean  assumed a grayish-green-red color; the red coming from iron in the water.  (This explains why deposits of iron on Earth are now found along ancient shores).  The Earth temperature was still too high for any life to exist on it.


  Moses’ Account of the SECOND Day

Amazingly, Moses too says that  as the 2nd Day dawned,  GOD (ELKM)  “separated the Water Above from the Water Bellow.”    No Dry Land existed yet.   No life is mentioned yet.   Can you find a better match between Moses’s Genesis  and Science? Who  told Moses such a credible story, 3500 years ago? No other culture or record gives such a story!

Note that unlike the First Day, Moses does not say  here that at the end of the 2nd Day GOD (ELKM) deemed the Day as “good.”   In the BUILDER’S eyes, conditions on earth were not yet ready for the next step- the seeding of life on ii.  Another crucial step was needed – as we are about to read






The Scientific Account

The Water World came to an end – the HC says – 4,1 Billion years ago, by a series of volcanic eruptions at the Ocean’s  bed.  A new type of rock, the granite, was formed the first time ever.  Unlike the older types of softer rocks, the granite could   withstand the erasing insult of gushing  water. The granite created the first dry   islands over the water.  Solid, Dry Land showed up on Earth the first time ever.

Over the next 600 million of years – from 4.1 to 3.5 years ago – the Granite Islands  gradually consolidated to form  the first Super Continent- Rodenia.  Still a  lifeless continent, it stretched from pole to pole barren under the Sun “like the Sahara desert. ”  We can trace its borders by special blackish, smooth rocks that are found  nowadays along the ocean shores of South Africa,  Australia and other sites on Earth.  What’s so special about these primordial rocks is that they carry no fossil of any life in them,  not even bacteria or any other tiny plant.  The scientists regard them as the remnants of the first granite Super Continent Rodenia.  Earth is called at that age The GRANITE PLANET..


 Moses’ account of the THIRD Day

Amazingly, Moses  concurs with Science in full.   He too says that as the THIRD Day dawned, GOD (ELKM)  separated the Dry Land from the Ocean.  Moses mentions no life yet, not even Vegetation.  He says that GOD (ELKM) named the  Dry Land   “Continent,”  and “the Water He called Oceans” in plural.  This makes sense since the new granite continent and its islands divided the first Ocean into several Seas.  Only then, Moses says,  GOD (ELKM) judged everything He had created earlier on the THIRD Day and deemed it good. . Earth was ready to support the next phase.

Till now we have a perfect match between Moses and science.

  • Moses’ First Day – the  Melting  Red Planet
  • Moses’ second Day– The Water world
  • Moses’ Third Day and Dry Land– the granite First  Continent    .


According to Science, what came next?

According to the HC, the Granite Super Continent  Rodenia i with its shallow shores was crucial for the net step – seeding life on Earth.  This happened  3.5 Billion years ago, when a coral-like algae called Stromolites showed up  on the shallow shores of Rodenia.  Those Stromolites are still seen in remote shores, especially in Australia.  The scientists consider them the  oldest living creatures on our Planet. “They are our fathers and mothers.”  No one knows where they came from or how.   Since they were already equipped with RNA and other  cellular organelles, they are considered the first living creatures on Earth.  They thrived on shallow shores under  water, yet exposed to the abundant sunshine . This allowed then to perform their talent –  photosynthesis, by which  they split CO2 in the air (released by cooling rocks) into Carbon and Oxygen. They used the  carbon for their shells and released the Oxygen into the water and air, forming our  Atmosphere.  .    .

For the next 2 Billion years,  from 3.5 to 1.5 Billion years ago, the Stromolites  produced “tons and tons of Oxygen”  – he HC  says.  The sky turned blue, and so was the Ocean, reflecting the sky.  Earth became The  BLUE PLANET.

If you want to build a blue atmosphere on March, plant there Stromolits on shallow beaches, if you find water there. Then wait 2 Billion years.

Then,  1.5 Billion years ago, the  “mother of all Continents,” Rodenia, stretched  barren under Dry Blue Sky with no rain.  Yet primordial life grew along its shallow shores as Stromolites.  .

Then, 0.9 Billion years ago, a series of   volcano eruptions at the Ocean’s bed split  Rodenia into smaller subcontinents.  The increasingly  warm atmosphere and the humidity  promoted the growth of the Stromolites  into  grass , shrubs and  trees. . The Kingdom of Vegetation came on Earth.   The vegetation at that time  spread  by water and  wind, since there was no mobile life yet in existence, no flies or bees .  The Vegetation invaded the oceans, a crucial phase for the future, since mobile life would first appear there.   .   .

Some say that no vegetation grew on Rodenia itself, besides the algae and bacteria along its shallow shores.  But then how would Mobile Life develop next?  The alternative theory is more appealing, that the primordial vegetation did appear first along the shoes – adapting to days and nights, as we would soon see.  This was essential for the next step- fish to its kind.    .     .


Moses’ account of the rest of the THIRD Day

Again, Moses concurs with Science in full.  After separating the Dry Land from the Sea, he says, GOD (ELKM)  seeded  Life on Earth.  The word ’seeded’ is repeated four times in two verses.   GOD (ELKM) planted Seeds, Grass,  Shrubs and Trees – in that order.  Moses  too mentions no mobile life yet.  Then, he says,  at the end of the THIRD  Day, GOD (ELKM) passed a judgment on the Day and said that it was good, that it could support another Day on top of it,  and that it went along with His master Plan.   And it was evening, and it was morning, Day THREE  was over .

Earth had so far  three Floors. So far we have –

Moses’ Day One………..The Red, melting Planet

Moses’ Day Two………..The Water World– water from above and bellow

Moses’ Day Three…The Granite Planet-dry land and sea

.,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,The Blue Planet– mono cellular life, production of Oxygen, Vegetation





Science: The Ice Age 

Where would mobile life appear first?  About 700 Million years ago (0.7 B) – the HC says- Earth was hit by a devastating, long Ice Age that that lasted 50 Million years (0.7- 0.2 B years ago).   So harsh, that it decimated the entire Vegetation on the Dry Land of  Rodenia and the granite islands.  It left only Vegetation in the Oceans under the cover of the Ice.   Earth looked like a SNOW BALL  traveling in Space.

This could have been the end of Life on Earth, had it not been accompanied by a change in the Earth’s axis and  rotation.  Unlike before, it became stabilized and predictable. As a result,  the length of days and nights as well as the annual seasons were fixed for the first time.   This allowed the Vegetation in the water to adapt and develop the regular cycles of photosynthesis – active at daylight and dormant at night.    This would be crucial  for the next step of mobile creatures, who depend on nervous system that must be able to switch from a state of awakening to being dormant.  No mobile life can exist with out being able to be asleep and then awake.  .    

Yet at that stage, no mobile life was formed either on the icy land or deep in the water.


What does Moses say about the Fourth Day?

Again,  Moses concurs in full with Science even in regard to that stage.  At the end of the THIRD Day , he says, GOD (ELKM) passed a harsh JUDGMENT on everything He had created earlier on that THIRD Day- on the kingdom of  Vegetation.  These He deemed “not good anymore” He eliminated, while those he deemed good were allowed to flourish – in the waters.   . .

Then, as  “Fourth Day”  dawned, GOD (ELKM) ordered the luminaries – the Sun and the Moon –  to be  seen regularly on Earth.  So regularly, he says, that “calendars and seasons would be established” as well as the length of days and nights.  And there was Evening and there was Morning, Day Four was over. .

Can you have a better match between Moses and Science?

So far we have –

Moses Day One………..The Red, melting Planet

Moses Day Two………..The Water World

Moses Day Three …...The Granite Planet, Seeding Life

……………………………….The Blue Planet, Atmosphere

Moses Day Four………The Snow Ball, Stabilization of Earth axis, Seasons, Days and Nights, Sleep and ………………………………..Awakens




 The Scientific Account

The long, devastating Ice Age came to an end 0.65 Billion years, by volcanic activity at the Ocean bed.  It  melted the Ice above and warmed up the oceans.  MOBILE LIFE appeared the first time ever in the water.   First  warms, then fish to its kinds, then bigger fish that preyed on the smaller ones.   “The Animals Kingdom arrived on Earth in the water” – says the HC.

From 0.65  to 0.4 Billion years ago (span of 250 Million years) mobile life exploded in the oceans. The fish developed the first eyes, ears and teeth.   A  fierce struggle for life waged in the water, compelling the creatures to  develop decoy and deception.  “Earth would never see again so many weird Fish to its kinds” – says the HC.   Most of the fossils of that period were found in Alaska by the Smithsonian Institute and therefore are called The Cambrian Period, after the site in Alaska.  In contrast to the water, life could not  evolve yet on Dry Land due to intense Solar UV radiation.

About 0.4 Billion years ago,  enough Ozone layer developed in the sky to  shield  life on  the Dry Land. – First appeared Amphibians that moved from the water onto the Dry Land, then Birds appeared in the sky.

From  0.4 to 0.3 B years ago, life fourished in the swamps on shores.   Giant insects filled the scene, that resembled the  swamps seen today in the Southern states  of the USA (The Carboniferous and the Ordovician Periods .)  Earth became The Green Planet

The end of the era

About 0.25 Billions years ago, the era came to an end by another catastrophes that hit our planet and almost decimated all life on it.   A series of fiery explosions erupted all over the Planet and terminated 90% of the Earth’s  inhabitants.  “Earth would never see again such a devastation” the HC says .  The cause of that eruption is not yet known for sure.  some say that gases came up form the ground and exploded while other blame a volcanic eruption.   Devastating it was, but the event actually promoted  the growth of new and more sophisticated creatures. .

In summary of the  era- first came Fish in the water, then Crocodiles, then Birds. insects and giant swamps. Life was almost been terminated by fiery explosions.


Moses’ Fifth Day

As the Fifth Day dawned, GOD (ELKM) said “Let there be Fish in the Water.”  The first mobile life appeared in the water, just like Science is saying.    Moreover, Moses ads, “GOD (ELKM) blessed them to be fruitful and multiply“. indicating an abundance of Fish to its kind, exactly as Science is saying about the era. Then Moses says that GOD (ELKM) created BIRDS and Crocodiles. 

Ooops!  Science says otherwise- first Crocodiles then Birds! Did Moses err? 

Then came the Discovery Chanel and saved my confidence in Moses,  New findings reveal hat when the Earth axis was fixed (on the Fourth Day) tides were created that threw Fish onto the shores.  Several million years later, those “Fish on Shores” developed Wings in order to fly back over the water to catch other Fish.   Hence Birds came after  Fish, exactly as Moses says.

Only then, the Discovery Chanel says, some of the “Fish On Shores” escaped inland and became Amphibians like  Crocodiles, to catch Birds, as Moses says. Yes, first Fish, then Birds and only then Crocodiles. Moses is so accurate! Who told hm the story?

Then, Moses goes on saying, at the end of the Fifth Day, GOD (ELKM)  passed a Judgment on everything He had created earlier on that Day.  As before, it was harsh yet just with no mercy.  Creatures He deemed “not good anymore”  were eliminated, while those He deemed good were allowed to endure and enter the next, Sixth Day.

Do not ask how the “Good God”  decimated almost all life on Earth by fiery explosions?  GOD (ELKM) as a BUILDER  operated in Absolute Justice.  Since He renders life, He can takes Life away as he deems necessary.  As a BUILDER , He decided which creature to eliminate and which to enter the next Day, which one was obsolete and which one could support another Day.  This judgement would also pertain to us, as we’ll learn soon.

And since GOD (ELKM) said at the end of the Fifth Day that it was good, the creatures He allowed to enter er the next Day would become a source of more complex and sophisticated ones.  And “there  was evening ,and there was morning , Day Five” was over.

Moses uses the terms “morning and evening” to establish our weekdays.  .he wants us to remember  Genesis all our lives to understand how the world was created and the terms of our trial.    .

So far we have the following stages or Days-

Moses’ Day One………..The Red, melting Planet

Moses’ Day Two………..The Water World- water from above and below

Moses’ Day Three …...The Granite Planet- continent

………….            ……….  .The Blue Planet– cellular life, Oxygen, Vegetation

Moses’ Day Four ..      The Ice Ball– stabilizing Earth’s axis, regular photosynthesis of days and nights

Moses’ Day Five.………The Green Planet– Fish, Birds, Crocodiles, swamps




Science report 

As the fiery explosion subsided, about 0.2 B years ago, the  Super Continent Pangaea became consolidated.  Pangaea was  the classical world of the giant pre – historical creatures that roamed the Earth (the Triassic and Jurassic periods).   Their growth was promoted  by constant volcanic activity that spewed ashes and nutrients into the air. The Earth’s temperature became tropical.

Life grew in the swamps. First came large Cattle- Like creatures who fed on the  abundant Vegetation. Thier fat bodies were supported by the water, so they had short legs and could not run fast.  Then came large Beast-like predators – around 150 Miliion years ago- who  could run fast and  prey on the Cattle; among them the Dinosaurs- as tall as three stories house. .

The Dinosaurs and their kinds reigned from 200 M years ago till 75 Million years ago.  Their reign ended by a catastrophe that  decimated all the huge beasts of Pangea. .  This catastrophe was either another fiery gas explosions or a large meteor  that plunged into the sea near Mexico.  The toxic ashes and the radio active fumes killed all the giant creatures of the era.  Again, as devastating as this event was,  it  opened the door for smaller and more sophisticated creatures to flourish, among them Mammals and Man.


What does Moses say about the Sixth  Day?

After the judgement of the Fifth Day,  Moses says, the Sixth Day dawned. GOD (ELKM) then went on to create as ever before- first Cattle-like, then Creeping creatures and then Beast- like creatures to their kinds. As we’ve just seen, Moses concurs here with Science.

Then, Moses says, while the Sixth  Day was still in progress, GOD (ELKM) passed a judgment on everything He had created earlier on the Sixth Day.   And like before, His Judgment was harsh and merciless, yet Just.   The creatures He deemed ‘not good anymore’  He eliminated, while those He deemed ‘good’ He allowed to thrive and enter the rest of the Sixth Day.

By this, Moses concurs again with Science.  A judgment decimated all giant creatures before making Man. ?  .


But what about the Crawling creatures|?

But for a while I thought that Moses wasn’t accurate here.  He is saying that along with the Beasts came creeping creatures, like snakes.  But we know from Science that creeping creatures appeared well back  in the Evolution!


 The Time Magazine Report

Then came the Time Magazine and saved my trust in Moses.   The magazine showed on its front Page a photo of a giant snake whose skeleton was so large that it could accommodate “two Gray hand buses side by side in its belly.”

Amazingly,radioactive  measurement showed that this giant snake lived 75 Million years old –  just at the time of the Dinosaurs.  The magazine says that after the Dinosaurs were gone, the giant snakes took over and roam the Earth freely, devouring everything on their way.   For millions of years these giant snakes ruled our planet.  Some  lived close to primitive Man; seen as  “dragons” in the caves. Hence Moses was proven again to be right.  Crawling creatures came along with the Beasts, and ruled our Planet till the appearence  of Mankind.  Who told Moses the story? .


So far we have-

Moses’ Day One………..The Red, melting Planet

Moses’ Day Two………..The Water World

Moses’ Day Three ……The Granite Planet

………………………………..The Blue Planet

Moses’ Day Four ………The Ice Ball

Moses’ Day Five……….The Green Planet

Moses’ Day Six…………Current Planet


The Torah is the only living miracle in our hands!

We see form the above that rather than being  embarrassed by Genesis, as if it is a Bronze Age  myth, we should raise it as a flag for the truthfulness of the Torah (Bible)

Maimonides (the RaMBaM) wrote that Israel has remained faithful to GOD not because of the miracles of the Exodus or of any other miracle.  Every  miracle, he writes, can  be challenged by natural explanations.  Only one miracle  can’t  be denied-  the miracle of the Torah itself.

The more we learn from Science,  the more we stand in awe before Moses’ words.   We understand now the reason he places Genesis  at the front of his five books. He knew  that a generation would rise and be able to validate his story of Genesis , they would also accept the rest of his words.

But Moses goal is to tell us not only about the Universe but mainly about us.  He wishes us to know who exactly made us, how, when, and for what purpose. On that we’ll dwell next class.


Some reflections


On the interplay between the environment and Life

The story of Genesis is built in such a way that explain how changes in the environment have precede the evolution of new life forms.  The earth crusted first so that water could stay on it.  The granite Dry Land appeared, to let life settle at tits shallow shores.  The Earth’s axis was stabilized – on the 4th Day – to allow mobile life to develop in the water.  Tides caused Fish on shore to become Birds, which developed into crocodiles.  This way the changed in the environment preceded and promoted the progress in life forms on Earth.

One can claim that one led to the other; that Life adapted to the new environment and used it to grow.  But one can also claim otherwise- that the changes in the environment were induced by Life to allow its growth!

Modern Life Scientists actually claim that the former distinction between Life forms and the inanimate environment is blurred and should be seen as a part of one large spectrum.  The Inanimate world and life are on one continuum.

Add on it the Quantum  Mechanics that sees the world as a Matrix that depends on Consciousness, and you can see how life is but a part of the entire system.

Yet Moses is saying that this Matrix is built for a purpose- for our moral trial.  He also says that the LORD DOD (YHVH ELKM) Blew His Breath into our nostrils, indicating the presence of the Divine inside us.  We are not just a Matrix.

Indeed, since Moses has been found by us to be so accurate about CREATION, what exactly does he say about Man and our Judgment? .